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VOL. VI— No. 1 

JANUARY, 1905. 

Entered at the Post-oflSee at Charleston, S. C, as Second-class Matter. 

Printed for the Society by 


Charleston, S. C. 



Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. S ALLEY, Jr. 

A. S. S ALLEY, Jr. 


Correspondence between Hon. Henry Laurens and his 

Son, John, i yyy- 1 780.. 3 

Records of the Regiments of the S. C. Line, Continen- 
tal Establishment :... r..... 12 

South Carolina Gleanings in England. 20 

Hugh Hext and Some of His Descendants 29 

Historical Notes 41 

Necrology „ 44 

N. B. These Magazines are one dollar each to any one 
other than a member of the South Carolina Historical Soci- 
ety. Members of the Society receive them free. The mem- 
bership fee is $3 per annum (the fiscal year being from May 
19th. to May 19th.), and members can buy back numbers 
or duplicates at 75c. each. In addition to receiving the 
Magazines, members are allowed a discount of 25 per cent, 
on all other publications of the Society, and have the free 
use of the Society's library. 

Any member who has not received the last number will 
please notify the Secretary and Treasurer. 

Address all communications and make all remittances, to 
A. S. SALLEY, Jr., Sec. and Treas., 

Charleston, S. G. 












Printed for the Society by 


Charleston, S. C. 




South Carolina Historical Society, 

May 19, 1904--MAY 19, 1905. 

Hon. Joseph W. Barnwell. 

1st. Vice-President, 
Henry A. M. Smith, Esq. 

2d. Vice-President, 
Hon. Theodore D. Jervey. 

^d. Vice-President, 
Hon. F. H. Weston. 

4th. Vice-President, 
Hon. John B. Cleveland. 

Secretary and Treasurer and Lihrari^an, 
A. S. Salley, Jr. 

Langdon Cheves, Esq., D. E. Huger Smith, Esq., 

Charles W. Kollock, M. D., Rev. John Johnson, 

D. D., LL. D. 
Yates Snovvden, Esq., Capt. Thomas Pinckney, 

Prof. C. J. Colcock, Hon. C. A. Woods, 

Hon. James Aldrich. 

Board of Managers, 
All of the foregoing officers. 

Publication Committee, 
Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. S alley, Jr. 

The South Carolina 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VI. JANUARY, 1905. No. i. 


[John Laurens left England at the beginning of the year 
1777, and reached Charles Town, April 15, 1777.^ Soon 
thereafter he joined Gen. Washington's army in the North 
and was taken into the Commander-in-Chief's official fam- 
ily as an aide. His father was then in attendance upon the 
Continental Congress, of which he wasone of the five dele- 
gates from South Carolina, and the correspondence which 
had been carried on between father and son from 1772, when 
the son went to England to complete his education, to the 

^ "On Tuesday Mr. John Laurens, our Vice-Presidents eldest Son, and 
Mr. John White, of Philadelphia, arrived here from Europe, by Way 
of the French West-Indies. These Gentlemen left London in the be- 
ginning of January, when the Press for Seamen was still continued. 
The British Ministry were much elated by the Advices just received 
from the Howes, mentioning the surrender of Forltl Washington, &c. 
No Provision had been made before the Adjournment of Parliament 
at Christmas for any Augmentation of the Army; the Advices then 
received occasioned most of the Ministry being of Opinion, that any 
considerable further Reinforcements would be unnecessary. It was 
generally talked in London, that the Minority would make a Secession 
from both Houses of Parliament upon any American Question. Mr. 
Laurens saw Dr. Franklin in Paris in January. Every Mark of Re- 
spect and Politeness had been shewn to our venerable Ambassadour by 


end of 1776,^ was now resumed. A part of John Laurens's 
letters to his father have been pubhshed in The Army Cor- 
respondence of Colonel John Lanrens (New York, 1867), 
edited by Wm. Gihnore Simms. Such of his letters to his 
father^ as are not in that collection and are in the Laurens 
Collection of the South Carolina Historical Society and 
such of the original letters of the elder Laurens as are in 
the Society's Laurens Collection follow.] 


York Town 8*^\ October 1777. 
]\Iy Dear Son: 

While I was waiting in humble submission to the 
\Y\\\ of the Almighty disposer of all events, having heard 
of death & Wounds fated to our late friend White & other 
Officers in the battle of German Town^ inclined rather to 
indulge a suspicion that with respect to you an ill judged 
tenderness had tonguetied all my friends, your Letter of 
the 5^^\ came in — the well known inscription instantly dis- 
sipated every gloomy Idea, but a sudden revulsion of joy 
which as instantly followed cost [break] Tear & brought 
such a fit of trembling upon my • whole [break of 
several words length] probably I should [another break 
of several words length] 

People of the first Rank and Character. The Literati were particularly 

assiduous in their Attention to the American Philosopher. Mr. Arthur 

Lee had arrived in Paris from London. 

Mr. Laurens and Mr. White left France in February, when the military 

Preparations were still carrying on. Off Cape Ortugal, the French 

Ship they were on board of was stopped and had her Papers examined 

by the English Frigate Thetis, of 32 Guns ; they were informed that the 

Arethusa Frigate, of 32 Guns, cruised off Cape Finisterre." — The 

South-Carolina and American General Gazette, Thursday, April 17, 


" See volumes IIL, TV. and V. of this magazine. 

'' A portion of his correspondence with other persons during his ser- 

Mce in the army has been published in volumes IL and IIL of this 



I congratulate with my Country upon the good conduct & 
safety of another Citizen who has dared to risque his Life 
in her Cause — I congratulate with you, my Dear Son, with 
my Daughter with all our friends upon your happy escape — 
My own duty commands my presence upon this spot, if. I 
were free, I would at all hazard lame & incapable as I am 
of alert travelling fly to assist as 3^our Nurse until you 
should be able to take the field again^ at this distance I can 
only help you with prayers & good wishes & thank you for 
the honour you have done me. 

No Man can doubt of your bravery, your own good sense 
will point out the distinction between [break] Courage & 
temerity nor need I tell you that it [break] much your duty 
to preserve your own health &; strength as it is to destroy an 

Other Accounts do not import our loss to have been, as you 
intimated, very consklerable — & make that of the Enemy 
about or upwards of 2000, & among these of killed & 
wounded many Officers of distinguished rank — let me 
know when you are able, the truth as fully & explicitly as 
you can^ adding such remarkable circumstances of the bat- 
tle as you were witness to— what you learn also of the En- 
emy's Army their remaining numbers & disposition — & what 
has happened on the River, Forts & Shipping — & You will 
further oblige Your faithful friend & affectionate Father 

Henry Laurens, 
My Compliments & Congratulations 
to your General & in particular 
manner to Colonel Pinckney.-^*^ 

Colonel John Laurens. 

Endorsed: H L — to J. L — 

York town 8^^\ October 1777. 

* Col. Laurens had received a bullet wound in the shoulder while gal- 
lantly heading, sword in hand, a charge on the Chew house in Ger- 

■' Colonel Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, of the ist. Regiment, South 
Carolina Line, Continental Establishment, who was then serving on 
Gen. Washington's staff as an aide. 



Addressed: Colonel John Laurens 

at General Washington's 
Head Quarters — 

York Town i6 October 1777 
My Dear Son. 

Your favours first by Express & 
next by Col°. Pinckney are both come to hand & are now 
both on their Journey to Charles Town where they will be 
very acceptable as they have been here to several, & 
'joth merit my particular thanks. 

Yesterday a Letter of yours of the 26^^. Septr came to hand, 
I fancy one of mine about the 8*^. or 9*^ Ins^ is also lagging 
1/ the way. 

The inclosed from Major Butler relative to two Horses 
which he hopes are in CoP. Moylan's hands & if found to be 
sent to mine, if you learn anything of them be so polite as to 
inform me. 

Poor Berry! I am sorry for him, James is [break] spent 
today endeavouring to get Fish, when he returns I will 
enquire & if the Truss is in our possession send it or other- 
wise get another when you let me know the side of the weak 

I am writing in Congress & in the midst of much talk (not 
regular Congress) buz! says one 'T would if I had been 
Comm''. of that Army with such powers have procured 
all the necessaries which are said to be wanted without such 
whining Complaints." 

'T would says 2'^. have prevented the amazing desertions 
which have happened it only wants proper attention at foun- 
tain head" — 3^. It is very easy too to prevent intercourse 
between the Army & the Enemy & as easy to gain Litelli- 
gence but we never mind who comes in & who goes out of 
our Camp." "In short 4^'\ our Army is under no regulation 
nor discipline" &c &c &c 


You know I abhor tell tales but these sounds hurt me ex- 
ceedingly, I know the effects of loose Tongues, I know the 
cruelty of tongues speaking the fulness of designing hearts 
— nevertheless I am afraid there may be some ground for 
some of these remarks, a good Heart may be too diffident, 
too apprehensive of doing right righteous proper Acts, lest 
such should be interpreted arbitrary — but good God, shall 
we [break] five Hundred & destroy five Millions — 
The subject is too delicate to dwell upon I wish I was well 
acquainted with the Man whom I think, all in all, the first 
of the Age, & that he would follow my advice he accepts 
the opinion of some who have no superior claim all vanity 
apart — the Crowd is too great on each hand all that I have 
said is between us — I will only add that your continued 
& particular advices consistent with that honour by which 
you are more strongly bound than you are by even Duty 
to a Father will oblige me and many distant Friends 
Axdieu my Dear Son 

Henry Laurens, 
Colonel John Laurens. 

Endorsed: H. L. to J. L-^ 

York Town iG^ Octo 1777. 


Addressed: The honble Henry Laurens Esq'. 

fav"^ by York 

Colonel Morgan 

Head Quarters G-^. November 1777. 
I had the pleasure of writing to you last night by Baron 
Frey; to whom I gave the same answer upon his applica- 
tion for employment, that I have already given to several 
Strangers by order of His Excellency — that there are no 
vacancies of that kind which alone, foreigners of experi- 


ence aim at in our service-^ — that setting new comers over the 
heads of those who had born the heat and burthen of the 
day would be exceedingly unpopular and occasion great dis- 
contents in the x\rmy &c — all this was express' d with that 
politeness which gives a man to understand that his wishes 
would be granted if circumstances would permit, and makes 
the Refusal of his offer'd services fall as light as possible — 
The Baron in reply hinted that his views were not so high 
as those of many Frenchmen who had seen less of military 
Duty, and that he would be glad to serve as Volunteer if the 
dearness of living were not too great for his Finances — he 
said he had been ten Years in the service of the Emperor — 
and two years and a half in that of France, during the War 
in Poland — his Rank was that of first Lieutenant — The 
General after answering as above told him that if he was in- 
clined to apply in person to Congress he would return him 
the Letter which he had brought from Doctor Franklin, 
and that he might make what use of it he thought proper 
— from the appearance of the Baron I think he would be of 
service as a Captain if he could speak American, we want 
good officers of that rank more than an}^ Army that ever 
existed — a few men of experience and proper milita.ry pride 
in that grade might by their example produce great Re- 
formation — the misfortune with us is that our Officers of 
Platoons besides their want of knowledge are mau}^ of them 
too despicable to admit of any acquaintance between them 
and their superior Officers — 

This morning we have heard a few Guns below, which are 
signs of Life, and lead us to hope that our Forts are Still 
in the proper hands — the continued Rain will increase- the 
inconvenience of the Enemys situation on Province Island — 
If James can purchase a broad Green Ribband to serve as 
the Ensign of my Office, and will keep an account of what 
he lays out for me in this way I shall be obliged to him — 
my old sash rather disfigur'd by the heavy Rain which half 
drown'd us on our march to the Yellow Springs, (and 
which by the bye spoilt me a waistcoat and breeches of 
white Cloth and my uniform Coat, clouding them with 


the dye wash'd out of my hat) served me as a shn^- in our 
retreat from German Town, and was render'd unlit for 
farther service — This w^ill be dehvered to you l^y Colonel 
Morgan with whom I renew'd my acquaintance yesterday, 
he informs me that he sets out this morning for York, and 
as I am happy to embrace every opportunity of present- 
ing my Love — I began a Letter with any subject that of- 
fer'd itself that I might have the pleasure at the end of re- 
peating that I am ever your most affectionate 

John Laurens 
I am just informed that yesterday morning at eleven 
OClock one thousand British Grenadiers and an equal num- 
ber of Light Lifantry — besides a thousand Hessians 
march' d from Philadelphia w^ith an intention to attack Fort 
Mifflin — there was a firing heard last night wdiich makes 
it probable that the Attack took place — it requires the iit- 
most exertion of Philosophy to wait the Event with calm- 
ness of mind — 

Endorsed: Jn°. Laurens 
6 Nov 1777 
Rec^ 10*^— 


York Town 23 Novem 1777. 
My Dear Son— >, 

Waiting for the Clerks of Secretary's has 
detained an Express which would otherwise have been dis- 
patched last Night — the blameful delay, afforded me how- 
ever, a prospect of leisure for writing a little deliberately 
to you — this was soon closed by a General Fermoy who en- 
grossed two hours of the Evening in orde^r to present me 
with business which properly conducted could not have oc- 
cupied those minutes — the remainder was stole from me I 
declare to you very honestly by a parcel of clever Scots in 
this House who would not allow me at so late an hour to go 
to the writing Table, & forced me to stay & hear their pretty 


songs — the Jades — this cost me an hour of Candle before 
day Light in order to dispatch a Messenger with a pointed 
enquiry whether the Convention of Saratoga has been kept 
perfectly whole on the part of U- Gen Burgoyne — an affair 
which I would not have talked of as from me although 'tis 
as common as any other topic. I hope there will be a pair 
of Boots prepared for you some day this Week & if I can 
get no other sort I'll send you woolen Gloves — I intend a 
few Camp Shirts for you from a peice of Linen which 
I brought from Carolina — I must write to that Country 
for a supply of many articles & send a Waggon to bring 
them — I have in sight your last Le.tter of the i8*^',^ you 
will one of these days give me as many anecdotes as well 
as the best general Account you can, of the whole River 
proceedings from — to the evacuating Fort Mifflin — 
We are anxious to know the measures pursued by the Enemy 
aftel* that event — with some difficulty to the Marquis's 
friend Mons'' S*- Colomba is gratified with Commission to 
be Captain 

Baron Frey will return to Camp & probably offer himself 
as a Volunteer. Congress refuses to employ him or any 
more of the adventurers from France I should think Com- 
missions as high as Captain to such as had seen service & 
good Company & whose English is tolerable might be 
granted — & work some reform in that Line — The Baron 
has emptied his purse & plainly intimates a reliance on 
me to replenish it — these unfortunate folks have hitherto 
been only consumers of my time — there's now an appear- 
ance of consumpt of Money to keep some of them from deep 
distress, \Vhat can one do ? — & yet how can one alone do all ? 

Colonel John Laurens Henry Laurens, 

Endorsed by John Laurens: 23^ Novem 1777. 

Endorsed by Henry Laurens: H. L- to J. L- 

York town 23^ Nov'': 1777- 

It is printed in The Army Correspondence of Colonel John Laurens 
(Simms), pp. 78-80. 



Addressed: Lieut^ Colonel John Laurens 
at Head Quarters 

\^alley forge Camp 
favoured by 
jMons"" le Cheval'". Lanuville — 

York Town 14^^. Jan^'. 


]\Iy Dear Son 

This will be delivered to you by ]\Ions^ le Cheva- 
lier Lanuville a Gentleman who at a very great expence 
is come to offer his serA'ice in our Army, you will learn 
from himself in a very few words, his pretensions & expec- 
tations & in further conversation I believe you will find him 
to be a Man of great ]\Iilitary talents — 
He anxiously wishes for a Yes or a No — to his applica- 
tions to Congress, this is his own Language — but as he had 
determined to go to Camp, where the Committee of con- 
ference to whom all power for the present is given, it was 
judged best to defer an answer until their return — if you 
can with propriety — introduce him to some of those Gen- 
tleman — I know you will shew him every civility that cir- 
cumstances will admit of — tell me your thoughts on our de- 
termination to suspend the embarkation of ]\P- Burgoyne — 
I am not answerable for nor do I claim the merit of, the 
manner in which the thing is ushered into the World, 'tis 
plain & simple not free from exceptions I know — all that 
was done while I sat in the Clair & is mere fringe & Law 
from an infant manufactory — but for the thing itself, the 
propriety the justice & the sound policy I contended in the 
Commee of the whole, — so well was I persuaded of the rec- 
titude of the Act, I declared I would rather lose m.y whole 
Estate, than hear a majority of dissenting Voices — the 
grand Resolve passed Xem. Con — 


This great determination will have its effect in Europe, in 
England more especially, whether good or Evil time will 
inform us — I feel strongl}-^ confirmed, that the Act is good 
& therefore entertain no alarming apprehensions. 
I pray God protect you 

Henry Laurens, 
You have seen a Letter 
said to be Your General's 
to his Lady published in 
Humphrys's paper is not it in the 
whole or partly spurious? — 
The Express will deliver you a packet con- 
taining a Comb & pomatum — 

L^ Colonel John Laurens 

The foUozving incinoranduin was made by John Laurens 
on file inside of the cover of this letter: 
Inclosed you will receive Copies of Letters in favor of Mess''^ 
de la neuville, from the Marechal Merlet and the Marquiss 
de Boniliet to me, together with a Certificate from Lieu- 
tenant Gen' Bn de Wurmser — all the knowledge that I have 
of these officers who are sollicitous of being employed in the 
American Service the eldest on condition of being made 
Brigadier & the other at any rate, is derived from these Let- 
ters, and what I have seen of them during their short stay 
in Camp — their appearance and manners are such as give 
me a very favorable opinion of them — 
Endorsed by John Laurens: 14^'' Jan^, 1778 
Endorsed by Henry Laurens: H. L to J L 

York town 14*^' Jan. 1778 

[To be continued in the next number of this magazine.'] 


[Contimtd fYoni the October number.] 


[major de brahm to major harleston.] 

Addressed: To 

Major Harleston 

of the 6*^- S. C. Regm^ 

Commanding at 

Fort Moultrie 


A. Is the first Foundation of a Platform, for which are 
required three Joists, the first 8 Feet long, the 2^^. I2i4- & 
the last i6j4 each by lo Inches thick — 

B. for the second Course, for which are required 5. Joists 
more all 18 Feit long and 6 by 4, or thereabouts thik. fur- 

C. if the Plancks are a Foot broad, 18 of them, of which 
the first must be 9 Feet long, the next gjA the next 10, the 
next 10^ the next 1 1 & so on. 

they must be upwards of two Inches thik 


AP. de Brahm presents his Comp^ to Maj. Harleston, & 
sends him this short Information ab*. Platforms for want 
of Time to be more exphcit ab*. it, but hopes it will be suf- 
ficient — Sapienti pauca — 

Maj. Harleston will be so good, as to employ the few Ne- 
groes left at the Island for his & the garrisons benefit, as 
he pleases — 
Jan. 30, 1780— 





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Officers who have joined the Second Regiment under the 
late Regulation in Fehruary 1780— ^ 

r Captain Thomas Shuhrick. .Commission bear- 
of the 5*^' I ing Date 
I Lieutenants Georp-e Evans 


i John Frierson 

j Captain George Warley 

I Lieutenant Dan^=Langford 



Addressed: To 

The Commandant 

Haddrell's Point 

Sir — It is General Lincoln's desire that all the Troops at 
Haddrell's Point & Fort Moultrie be forthwith muster'd — 
you will please therefore to give out in Orders that three 
Muster Rolls of each Company of every Regiment be made 
out ready by Tuesday the 15*''- Feb""^'- next when the Troops 
will be muster'd, and to the end, that no time may be lost, 
in making my returns of the said Muster I request to direct 
that the Rolls be sworn to before the Commandant immed- 
iately after the Muster is taken — 
Your most hble Serv* 

\y^ l^dassey D. :M. G. 
Charles Town 
I [break] Feb 1780- 

Endorsed: Orders by Major Harleston 

That 3 Muster Rolls of each 
[Rest undecipherable.] 



Addressed : Col'- Henderson 

23 Feb""- 1780- 


M"" Davice Calls on me for Beef for the publick wh 
[break] am Ready to furnish, at Same time Shall be oblige 
to you to See me Satisfyed for s^ Beef, I laid my Book be- 
fore M*" Davice that he m [break] asure you of the price 
which I have obtained for my Beef which are [break] for 
the fore Qu^^- & 65/ for the Hinds— I am sir Y' H [break] 

Josiah Dupont 



Rec^ Alarch 22 ^^^ 1780 of Mager Isaac Harlston twenty 
head of oxen & seaven head of steers for the use of the 
Publick Fran^ Cobia 



An Account of Rum Shugar & Coffe Deliverd the Officers 
of 2^Regt. at Sheldon — 


17 Novi"- 

2d Feby: 


21 March 
















Hall Deld. Capt" Mason 



Proveaux .— 



Foissin. Delivd- Lt- Kolb. 






Springer S. M 





Ogier -. 



Silv. Springer 



Marion . .. 

at Bacon Bridge 

Rum Shugar & Coffee Del^^ 


the 2d Regt Brought Over J 

Majr. Vanderhorst 

Captn Moultrie-"^ 

Lt Lagare 1 in town. 

Lt Foissin f 

Captn/ Baker J 




Brought over 




Ogier, order on Capt^s Mar-"] 
tin & Lagare Deliver- \ 

ed him J 

Vanderhorst at Sheldon | 



Hart Deld Newton i£ 



pr. V. 
















9 1 








24 1 


9 1 


30 1 


9 1 


9 1 


41 1 























119M • 





































* Figures undecipherable. 

[To^^ continued in next number of this magazine.'] 


Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell 

Street, W. C. London (including "Gleanings" by Mr. 

H. F. Waters, not before printed.) 

[Continued FROM Vol. V.] 

Anne King late of South Carolina in America, widow, 
deceased. Aministration 13 March 1739/40 to her sister 
Joanna wife of William Cripps. Admon Act Book, 1740. 

Thomas Elder of Petworth, county Sussex. Will 18 Oc- 
tober 1774; proved 22 July 1776. My body to be buried 
near late wife at Petworth. To niece Mrs. Mary Towers, 
widow, late the wife of Mr. William Towers of Petworth 
mercer, deceased, my lands etc. namely all that my mes- 
suage in parishes of Wiston and Ashington cum Brunton in 
Sussex in occupation of Stephen LoA-eland which came to 
me by my late wife and also my Little Manor called Sut- 
ton Hall in Sutton formerly in occupation of Richard Jay 
and since of John Heather and Joseph Lovell and my other 
lands in Sutton in occupation of James Foard and since of 
Henry Foard, to my said niece conditionally, whereas the 
dwelling house and gardens etc, in Pound Street in Pet- 
worth were given me by my late most noble master Charles 
Duke of Somerset and are now adjoining to part of the 
gardens late of the said duke and now of the Right Honor- 
al^le George Earl of Egremont, I desire the same to be sold 
for the use of the said Earl and whereas my sister Mrs. Eliz- 
abeth Dee widow, has for years lived with me, I will she con- 
tinue in the said house, Gardens, etc. or if removal desired by 
either party said Mary Towers of her share to pay to Mrs. 
Dee £300, or if Mrs. Dee die before, then £300 to her three 
daughters, Sibylla Dee and Mrs. Elizabeth Dee of Parish 
of Covent Garden in Li1)erty of \\'estminster and Mrs. 


Eleanora Gill widow of Mr. John Gill late of Exchange 
Alley, London. To sister Elizabeth Dee and Niece Mary 
Towers Goods, Pictures, Plate etc. in house in Pound 
Street, Petworth, but if sister die, her half to Mrs. Mary 
Towers sisters, Miss S3^bylla De^ and Mrs. Elizabeth Dee, 
and if any sale or auction nephew Mr. Francis Towers son 
of said Mrs. Mary Towers to have my Books except what 
his mother and grandmother desire. To Mrs. Ann Crow- 
ter of Greenwich whose maiden name was Elder £ioo and 
to her son Mr. Thomas Pollet and his children 20 sruineas 
and to children and grandchildren of said Ann Crowter son 
and daughter of Mr. William Pollet deceased £100 and to 
their mother Mrs. Phillis Pollet widow 20 guineas. To my 
cousin Mary Elder daughter of my cousin David Elder 
deceased who is lame and infirm £250 and till paid the al- 
lowance of 12 guineas per annum, I now pay her to be con- 
tinued. To my cousin Weedon Elder 20 guineas. To 
Elizabeth daughter of before mentioned cousin Thomas 
Elder and sister of said Weedon Elder now or late wife of 
Addis £100 etc. To William and Thomas Elder sons of 
Thomas Elder and grandsons of aforesaid Thomas Elder 
deceased and their sister Jane now or late wife of Rev. Mr. 
Gordon Clerk £100 each and to their mother now or late 
wife of Lieutenant Alexander Gordon of the Royal Hospi- 
tal of Greenwich 20 guineas. To Henry Williams of Upper 
Berwick Street in the Parish of St. James in Liberty of 
Westminster, Middlesex, and Robert Holmes of Petworth, 
Sussex, Gentleman, my messuage in the Strand near Char- 
ing Cross parish of St. Martins in the Fields in occupation 
of Mr. Thomas Noble, in trust to sell and pay one third 
of money to cousin Mrs. Ann Crowter widow before- 
mentioned and her son Mr. Thomas Pollet and her two 
grandchildren son and daughter of Mr. William Pollet de- 
ceased, one third to cousin AA^eedon Elder and his children 
and other third to cousin William and Thomas Elder sons 
of cousin Thomas Elder deceased and their sister [Mrs. 
Isaac Gordon wife of Rev. Alexander Gordon Clerk before- 
mentioned. ''And whereas the said Messuage or Tenement 


in the Strand near Charing Cross before mentioned in new 
adjoining- to part of the walls of the Mansion House called 
Northumberland House belonging to the Most Noble the 
Duke and Duchess of Northumberland, my will and desire 
is that the said Duke and Duchess may be informed of the 
intended sale of the same land in Case they shall think it 
may be of convenience or of use to tliQm that the said mes- 
suage or tenement shall be sold to them or for their use at 
a fair and reasonable price, preferable to any other pur- 
chaser." To executors my chambers in Hare Court in the 
Inner Temple to sell and to nominate a proper person to 
take administrations for the Honorable secretary of the 
Inner Temple deceased, and profitts in thirds as above etc. 
To nephew Thomas Towers, my Books in Chambers not 
before given etc. To executors messuage called 'Tngrams" 
in Wisborough Green, Sussex, to be sold and money to said 
Thomas Towers etc. To two nieces Mrs. Sybylla Dee and 
Mrs. Elizabeth Dee of parish of Covent Garden in the 
Liberty of Westminster, Middlesex, messuage in Petworth 
aforesaid late in occupation of Rev. Mr. Thomas 
Newhouse, Clerk, and Mr. Edward Fearn which formerly 
belonged to family of my late wife. To cousins Mr. John 

Atlee of Windsor and his sister Sarah wife of £ioo 

each. To sister Elizabeth Dee, widow, £200 and Ballance 
of Household expenses etc. To niece Mrs. Mary Towers 
and her son Mr. Thomas Towers and my two nieces Mrs. 
Sibylla Dee and Mrs. Elizabeth Dee £100 each, etc. To 
my niece Mrs. Eleanor Gill widow and relict of Mr. John 
Gill of Exchange Alley, Salter £100 and to his son John 
Gill £100. If Bank of England stocks fall, abatements to 
be made of legacies of £100 and over etc. To Mr. Thomas 
Towers aforesaid the money lent for a Turnpike Road from 
^lillford, Surrey, to Petworth, Sussex, and to Durston Hill 
etc. Executors: Niece Mrs. Mary Towers, Mr. Henry 
Williams of Upper Berwick Street near Golden Square and 
Mr. Robert Holmes of Petworth, and to each £50, to be 
paid to Mr. Williams in case he can not act, as have heard 
he is in an uncertain state of health etc. To said Mr. 


Henry Williams and Mr. Robert Holmes, Mr. Tliomas 
Blakely of St. James Place, London, Mr. Richard Maillard 
of Mark Lane, London, Merchant, and Mr. Thomas Mail- 
lard his son and John Hollis of Lodsworth, Sussex, 5 
guineas each for rings. To Mr. John Long of Petworth 
£40. To Mr. Thomas Blakeley 20 guineas. To Anthony 
Fairbeard of Lodworth, Sussex, Mr. William Mills the 
elder of Petworth and Mr. Joseph Bigg one of the Officers 
of the Liner Temple 5 guineas each. Any directions on 
paper or papers signed by me to be observed. To servant 
Thomas Pe^arson £100. To tv^o maid servants £5 each. 
To Robert Luff who looks after my Garden £5. To Edward 
Putler, Barber, £5. To poor of Petworth £20, part in 
bread, part in money, Servants not to be dismissed for a 
month, and provisions liquors etc. for sister Mrs. Elizabeth 
Dee. To servant Thomas Pearson £100 for diligent atten- 
dance in my long sickness and also apparell etc. To the three 
watchers 40s each. Rest to sister Mrs. Elizabeth Dee and 
her daughters Mrs. Sibylla Dee and Mary Dee. Witnesses : 
Edward Fearne, John Allen, John Taylor. Codicil 12 July 
1774. To cousin Mr. Weedon Elder of Greenwich my old 
golde watch. To his son Mr. Thomas Elder of ditto a 
five guinea piece of gold. To my cousin Thomas Elder, 
son of my late cousin Thomas Elder deceased, who is or 
lately was abroad practising as a Surgeon at Charles Town, 
South Carolina or in some other of the American colonies 
ditto. To my cousin Mrs. Anne Crowter of Greenwich, 
widow, whose maiden name was Elder two small silver 
waiters of a Rounded or Octangular Shape and a large Sil- 
ver soup spoon and ladle. To sister Mrs. Elizabeth Dee 
a Hoop Ring set round with Diamonds that was my late 
wife's and a pair of small silver candle-sticks, snuffers and 
snuff pan. To niece Mrs. Mary Towers an old fashioned 
Silver Cup and Cover, three old Silver Castors and two 
old Silver Salvers that were late wife's. To Niece Mrs. 
Sibylla Dee a Silver Coffee Pot which was a legacy of my 
late wife from her cousin Mrs. Sybylla Dickenson. To my 
niece Mrs. Elizabeth Dee a Silver Tankard. To niece Mrs. 


Eleanora Gil of Exchange Alle}^ a Shagree Case with a 
Silver Knife and Spoon with Cyphers of late wife and 
Gnilt with Gold. Second codicil i8 July 1775. To 
Xephews Thomas Towers pair of Screw Barrel Pistols 
which I used to ride with and a Gilt Medal. To nephew 
Air, John Gill a Shagree case with sman Instruments and 
a Guilt Aledal. Third codicil 3 July 1775 To sister Mrs. 
Elizabeth Dee and Tier four daughters some little stone and 
Fancy Rings. To Mr. Thomas Towers Remainder of 
some Gilt and Crystal Sleeve Buttons for shirts set in Gold 
with some Hair of my late wife in Cypher. Fourth codicil 
31 July 1775. If any Relatives of name of Elder desire 
late Father and Mother's pictures at Petworth or any Seals 
of coats of Arms, executors to let them have them etc. 
Fifth codicil 26 August 1775. To nephew Mr. Thomas 
Towers such canes and Walking Sticks and Swords among 
my Boots in the Temple carried from my chambers to Mr. 
Struts Warehouse, London, but not any furniture. 10 
June 1776 Affadavit of John Long of Petworth, Sussex, 
Gentleman and Thomas Pearson ditto, witnesses. Proved 
22 July 1776. . Administration 23 August 181 7 to Wil- 
liam Milford Esq. executor of will of Sybylla Dee sole sur- 
viving legatee at her deceased, three executors being de- 
ceased. Bellas, 309. 

William Blake, citizen of the Linited States of America, 
but now Sunbury Place in the County of Middlesex. Will 
18 March 1802; proved 15 July 1803. To beloved wnfe 
Ann Baker [sic] £500 also all plate for life then to my son 
Joseph Blake. To said wife Ann Blake and Edgell Wyatt 
son of Richard Wyatt Esq. of Milton Place Surrey my 
mansion house called Sunbury Place County Middlesex 
and adjoining lands bought from Mr. St. Quintin and Mrs. 
Richardson and Sir John Musgrave in trust to sell same 
and invest in public funds &c. To wife for life £1500 
yearly being Interest on £36,500 in 3 per cents consolidated 
annuities and £13,500 in 3 per cent reduced annuities and 
20 .shares in the bank of the United States of America now 
in possession of Messrs. Hoare Bros, in Fleet Street and at 


desire of wife said capital to said Edgell Wyatt Esq. and 
Ciiarles Hoare Esq. Banker in Fleet Street to pay to my 
Grandson AA^illiam Blake £ioo and to Grandson Joseph 
Blake £20.000 to Granddaughter Ann Blake £5,000 to 
Grandson Robert Blake £5000 all children ot son Joseph 
Blake. Rest of capital to my said sons Joseph Blake and 
Daniel Blake if living if said sons die without issue then to 
my said daughter Ann Blake £1600 and also £300 out of 
lands in Carolina in America given to son Joseph Blake 
and £200 per annum for life chargeable on lands and slaves 
given to son Daniel Blake. To son Joseph Blake all lands 
in South Carolina in America purchased of Thomas ]\Iid- 
dleton Esq adjoining lands of ]\Irs. ]^Iiddleton and Henry 
]\Iiddleton Esq. with the negroes and all slaves thereupon 
and their issue and wherever besides situated all for his 
life then to his children at their ages of 21 subject to pay- 
ment of £300 per annum to daughter Ann Blake also to son 
Joseph Blake lands called "Xewneton" and "C3^press" in 
State of South Carolina for life, then to my Grandson Wil- 
liam Blake son of said son Joseph Blake. To son Daniel 
Blake lands in State of South Carolina called ''Board 
House Farm" Savannah Plantation, Hickary Hill, Calf 
Pin, Crooked Hill other Hurricance Hill. Walnut Hill Pin 
Hill and Pleasant Hill also lands on Savannah River with 
negroes and other slaves etc etc. Also to son Daniel lands 
on Ladys Island in State of South Carolina with negroes 
etc. To son Joseph Blake and Daniel Blake lands in 
Charleston Neck called Xew ]^Iarket etc. Executrix and 
Executor and trusteees for estate in Great Britain : wife 
Ann Blake and said Edgell AA'yatt. Executors and trustees 
in South Carolina : sons Joseph Blake and Daniel Blake 
and Thomas Parker. AWtnesses : Julian Rattray, J Simp- 
son, Abraham Tucker. Codicil 3 Dec: 1802. Whereas 
since making of will have added to stocks in funds in Great 
Britain £12,000 I give interest of same to wife for life 
then to son Joseph and revoke £20,000 to Joseph and give 
£10,000 in place and contingent legacy above. Revoke di- 
rections for furniture etc at House at Sunburv Place to be 


sold and give same to wife. To daughter Ann Blake my 
postchaise and Harness. Witnesses Thos. Reed, John 
Stevens. Proved by widow Ann Blake and Edgell Wyatt 
Esq. executors for Great Britain. 

Harriot, 607. 

Edward Lowndes, citizen of the United of America 
formerly resident in South Carolina Merchant, now living 
at No 17 Mount Street Westminster. Will 26 June 1801 ; 
pi-oved 9 October 1801. To my nephew Thomas Lowndes 
all my estate in South Carolina for ever. To William 
Henry Turton Esq Pa3aiiaster of the Fortieth Regiment the 
sum of £500 in 3 per sent Consolidated Annuities of the 
Bank of England. To each of my executors £50. To John 
Bold and Charles Banks of Charleston, South Carolina 
merchants in trust to send to my executors in England, 
John Manley of Bloomsbury Square, County Middlese,x, 
and John Gorst of Leigh, County Lancaster, Attorney at 
law, they after paying all debts to invest the same in 3 per 
cent Consols. The interest to go to my sister Mary Chad- 
docke Gorst widow of Robert Chaddocke Gorst now living 
at Layland near Chorley County of Lancaster, after her 
death to go to her four sons, Edward, John, Septimus, and 
James Gorst. Executors in United States America : John 
Bold and Charles Banks. Executors in England : John 
Manly and John Gorst. Witnesses Ann Harvey, No. 17 
Mount Street, Westminster, John Makepeace Attorney, 
No. 4 Gray's Lm Square, Matthew Dobson same place. 

Abercombie, 682. 

Archibald Baird of South Carolina Planter. Will 20 
January 1777; proved 11 March 1788. To wife Winifred 
the house where I now live together with the use of one 
handy-man and two handy-women of my negroes. All the 
residue of my estate to my son William Archibald consist- 
ing of land purchased of Robert Weaver, the Honourable 
John Colans, and Francis Kinlosh Esq : if I have any more 
children to be equally divided among them. My wife 
Winifred Baird to be executrix during her widowhood 
only. James Gordon, James Cassel and Alexander Irving 


to be executors of this my last will and testament. Wit- 
nesses Robert Gibb, Alex: Rioch, John Allston, South 
Carolina Secretary's Office. A true copy from the original 
examined by William Nesbitt D. Regr. Deposition of 
James Simpson late Attorney-General for South Carolina. 
Proved by James Cassell, Winifred Baird having married 
John Wilson. Calvert, ii6. 

Elizabeth Doggett of College Hill, London, Spinster. To 
my friend Alexander Broughton of South Carolina Esq: 
one gold ring. To my loving sisters Ann Dogett and Mar}* 
Lewen one gold ring each. To my brother Benjamin 
Dogett of parish of Battersea County Surrey, gentleman, 
all the rest in Great Britain Carolina, America or any part 
of the World, universal heir and executor. Witnesses 
Ann Harding, Elizabeth Harding, Elizabeth Browne. 

Alexander, 46. 

William Hopton of Charles Town, South Carolina. 
Will 21 December 1785; proved 11 August 1788. To wife 
Sarah Hopton £1050 sterling. To daughter Mary Chris- 
tiann Hopton my House and Land, outhouses, etc., 168 
King Street let to and inhabited by Mr. Robert Smith. To 
daughter Sarah House or Tenement on corner of Legare 
and Lamboll Streets which I bought of George Kinnard 
now let to and inhabited by Thomas Osborn Esquire. To 
son John Hopton and Son in Law Robert William Powell 
each five English Guineas as token of love having given 
them formerly large Sums of Money. To friend Samuel 
Legare my share in the Charlestown Library Society till 
grandson William Hopton Powell arrives of age to be ad- 
mitted as Member and then w^ith consent of the Society to 
resign same to him. To John Legare, son of Samuel Le- 
gare a quarter acre lot in Anstonbocbugh forty feet front 
on George Street bounding land of Mr. Robert Daniel and 
to run back to complete said measure. Rest of estate in 
South Carolina and Georgia to be appraised by three credi- 
table and indifferent men and divided in four parts, one for 
wife Sarah Hopton, one to daughter Mary Christian 
Hopton, one for daughter Sarah Hopton, and the fourth 


jxirt to daughters Mary Christian Hopton and Sarah Hop- 
ton in trust for grand children Mary Beautrise Powell and 
William Hopton Powell, at 21 etc., etc. Executors: Wife 
and daughters and friends Nathaniel Russell and Samuel 
Legare of Charlestown, Merchants. Witnesses : Margaret 
Young, Edward Prescot (sic), Thomas Coram. South 
Carolina Charlestown District, 15 September 1786 (nth 
year of American Independence) Attestation of Margaret 
Young as to herself and Edward Trescot and Thomas Co- 
ram. Signed by Charles Lining, Esquire, Ordinary. True 
copies 4 November 1786 Chs Lining. State of South Caro- 
lina. By Honorable Thomas Gadston, Esquire, Senior 
Member of Prii-y Council and Chief Magistrate during 
absence of his Excellency William Moultrie, Esquire, from 
the Seat of Government. Certificate of Charles Lining as 
Ordinary for Charlestown District. Under great Seal of 
the State in City of Charlestown 15 November 1786 and 
of the Sovereignty and Independence of the United States 
of America the eleventh By his Excellency's command. 
John Vanderhorst Secretary. Proved in Prerogative Court 
of Canterbury by John Hopton attorney for daughters 
Mary Christian Hopton and Sarah Hopton and Nathaniel 
Russell and Samuel Legare executors, to administer for 
them as well as for Sarah Hopton relict the other execu- 
toi'- Calvert, 401. 



Hugh Hext^ the ancestor of many distinguished South 
CaroHnians, came, with his family, to the Province of Caro- 
hna from Dorsetshire, England, about 1686.^ The early 
records of the Province show that he was one of the ap- 

^ 0n June 16, 1747, Thomas Sacheverell, of Colleton County, planter, 
and- Martha Bee, v/lidow, aged sixty-six years and upwards,, of Berke- 
ley County, appeared before Thomas Lamboll, J. P. for Berkeley 
County, and Mrs. Bee deposed 'that she knew the said Thomas Sach- 
everell to be the eldest son and heir of his late fflther, Thomas Sachev- 
erell, planter, deceased, by Mary, his wife; that the said Thomas Sach- 
everell, the father, whom she had known from the time of his birth 
"whereat she was personally present", was the only surviving son and 
heir of Thomas Sacheverell, grandfather of the present Thomas Sach- 
everell, also late of the Province, deceased, who was by trade a mason, 
and personally known to her ; that she had seen and still remembered 
Viis father, Mr. Sacheverell (whose Christian name she could not re- 
nember, but believed it also to have been Thomas), great grandfather 
jf the present Thomas, almost from her firsit arrival in the Province 
from England "about a Year after the Death of King Charles the 
Second" and that he died soon after deponent's arrival in the Province 
and that she saw him "when he lay a Dying" ; that she neither knew 
or ever heard of any other son or child of the s^aid Mr. Sacheverell, the 
great grandfather, besides the said Thomas, the grandfather, and that 
she remembered the two wives of the latter, the first of which he 
brought with him to the Province and by whom he had a son, John, 
who died in minority, unmarried, and the second of which, Mary Fry, 
whom he married in the Province, survived him, the said grandfather, 
who died about 1701, a fortnight or thereabouts (to the best of her re- 
membrance) after the birth of said Thomas Sacheverell, the father of 
the present Thomas; that her (deponent's) first husband was William 
Bower, long since deceased, and that he had often told her that he 
came over to Carolina in the same ship with Mr. Sacheverell, the 
great grandfather of the present Thomas, "from a Place called Iweriii 
in D'orsetshire, in England, the YeaY before King Charles the Seconds 
Death" and that she had heard her said husband, William Bower, "and 
also her Father the said Hugh Hext deed, (who also came to this Pro- 


praisers of the estate of Joseph ElHcott, June 21, 1697'; 
that he was a witness to the will of John Seabrook, April 
15, 1706'; that he was elected a member of the Commons 
House of Assembly of the Province in 1706*, but refused 
to qualify, and that he was one of the commissioners ap- 
pointed under the ''Church Acts" of November 4, 1704, 
and November 30, 1706.' 

His surviving children were : 

1. I. Alexander Hext, who died without issue about 

2. n. Edward Hext, who died without issue, February 
1 7, 1742/ 

vince from Dorsetshire aforesaid) say that they Believed the afore- 
named i\Ir. Sacheverel the Great Grand Father, and his Son the said 
Thomas Sacheverel the GrandfaJther (abovementioned) were Related 
to the Famous Doctf. Henry Sacheverel of Great Britain.". (Probate 
Court Records, Charleston Comity., Book 1746-49, pp. 171-172.) 
'^ Ibid, Book i., p. 297. 
' Ibid, Book 1711-18, p. 36. 

* A Sketch of the History of South Carolina (Rivers), p. 227. 
^ TJie Statutes at Large of South Carolina (Cooper), Vol. II., pp. 241 
and 288; The History of Carolina (Oldmixon), p. 433 of Historical 
Collections of South Carolina (Carroll), Vol. II. 

^ Will of Alexander Hext, of John's Island, Colleton County, Province 
of South Carolina, planter, made July 16, 1736, and proved June 6, 
174T, gave friends, Samuel Jones, of the County aforesaid, planter,- 
Benjamin d'Harriette, Othniel Beale and Charles Pinckney all of his 
estate on John's Island, on Cacaw Swamp in St„ Paul's Parish and at 
the head of Deer Creek on the south side of Ashepoo River in St. 
Bartholomew's Parish, his lot and brick house in Charles Town on 
Tradd Street and his slaves and all other property in trust for John 
and Richard Seabrook, sons of Mrsi. Mary S)eabrook, Sarah Greene, 
wife of Daniel Greene. Jr., of Charles Town, and eldest daughter of 
said Mrs. Mary Seabrook, Mary Seabrook, second daughter, Elizabeth 
Seabrook, third daughter, Susannah Seabrook, fourth daughter, said 
Mrs. Mary Seabrook, nephew, Robert Godfrey, niece, Mary Godfrey, 
nephew, Alexander Hext, and appointed said Jones, d'Harriette, Beale 
and Pinckney, executors. Witnesses : George Lea, Adam Beauchamp 
and William Lea. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1740-47, pp. 34-39.) 
' "On Wednesday last died of an Apoplectick Fit, Mr. Ediuard Hext, 
a wealthy Gentleman of this Town, of a truly amiable Character, whose 
Death is much lamented by all his Friends and Acquaintances."— Sup- 


















Francis Hext. 
David Hext. 
Thomas Hext. 
Amias Hext. 
Hugh Hext. 

Ameha Hext, who ///. Godfrey. 

Katherine Hext, who iii. Stih. 

[Martha Hext, who ni. A\'illiam Bower, and, 
after his death, John Bee. 

plement to The South-Carolina Gazette, Saturday, FelDruary 20, 1742. 
Register of St. Philip's Parish. 

Will of Edward Hext. of Charles Town, in the Province of South 
Carolina, Gent., made October 6, 1759, and proved before Lieutenant- 
Governor Bull, February 22, 1741, gave the Vestry of St. Philip's Par- 
ish £1000. currency to be invested for the benetit of such poor people 
of the parish as should not be upon the parish ; gave his executors. 
ii500. currency in trust to be invested for the use and maintenance of 
his niece, Sarah Rutledge, witihout the control of her husband, during 
her life, to go at her death to her surviving children, but in default 
of such children, to the children of his "kinsman John Hext"', 
of this Province ; gave Hugh Hext, son of the said John, when twen- 
ty-one, the house and so much of the ground where testator then 
lived on the Bay as belonged to the house, as divided from the brick 
house and ground fronting Union Street, but in case said Hugh die 
without issue or in infancy then the said property to go to the son of 
testator's brother, Thomas Hext ; gave brother, Thomas Hext, the 
brick house wherein ^Ir. Withers then dwelled, fronting Union Street; 
gave Hugh and Amias Hext, sons of his brother, Amias Hext, his 
upper tract of land of 649 acres on St. Helena Island; gave the sev- 
eral children that should happen to be alive of his "kinsman Philip 
Hext, of Froome in Somersetshire Great Britain ; The Father of 
Thomas Hext whom I brought with me to thisj Province but lately de- 
ceased", his plantation at Pon Pon containing 800 acres, together with 
the slaves and appurtenances thereon; directed his executors to sell 
the remainder of his estaitle and with the proceeds discharge all the 
legacies thereafter in his will given ; gave each of his "flour Brothers 
Francis, Alexander, David and Thomas Hext" £100. currency and a 
like sum to his "Sister ]^Iartha Bee''; gave "Sister Bee's Son William 
Bower,''iiooo. currency and to her two daugh'yers, ]\Iary Bryan and 
Tabitha Peter, iiooo currency each ; gave the executors of his kins- 
man, Paul Hamilton, deceased, £4,300. currency for the use of Paul, 
^lartha, John and Archibald Hamilton, children of the said Paul 
Hamilton ; gave kinswoman, ^lary Bryan, or, in case she should prede- 



Francis Hext [Hugh'] married Sarah , and died 

Libout 1746.' 

cease him, her children by her late husband, John Williamson, £1000. 
currency for each of said children that should survive him; gave 
his executors in trust for such children of his kinswoman, Tabitha 
Peter, as should survive him £500. apiece and £500. additional for 
Abraham Edings, one of the said Children, if he should survive 
testator; gave execuHtors in trust for each child of his sister, Melior 
Godfrey, as should survive him, £500. currency; gave' executors in 
trust for each child of his kinsman, John Hext, of South Carolina, 
that should survive testator, £1000. currency; directed that £1000. 
currency be put out ,at interest yearly and the income therefrom be 
given for the remainder of his life ^tlo testator's kinsman, John Hext, 
and after his death the principal be given to siuch child or children 
of the said John as should survive him; gave Hugh and Amias Hext, 
sons of his late brother, Amias Hext, deceased, £1000. currency each, 
and to their sis'tler, Mary, £500. ; gave brother, Francis Hext, £2000., 
to go in case said Francis should predecease testator, to testator's ex- 
ecutors in trusiti for the benefit of such child or children of said Fran- 
cis as should survive testator; gave brother, David Hext, £1000. cur- 
rency, to go, in case said David predecease testator, to siuch child 
or children of said David as should survive t^estator ; gave brother, 
Thomas Hext, £1000. currency upon the same conditions; gave kins- 
woman, Elizabeth Etheridge, of Great Britain, daughter of his de- 
ceased kinswoman, Ann Etheridge, alias Prioleau, if she be found and 
make a legal demand therefor within, four years after testb-tor's death, 
£3000. ; gave Katharine, Philip, Elizabeth and Hannah, the four chil- 
dren of his deceased sister, Katharine Still, in Great Britain, £50. ster- 
ling each; appointed brothers, David and Thomas Hext, and four 
kinsmen, John Bee, Jr., Jonathan Bryan, Philip Prioleau and John 
?kIcCall, of South Carolina, executors. Witnesses: Thomas Boulton, 
James Withers, Samuel Prioleau, Jr., and Thomas Lamboll. In a 
codicil made April 2, 1740, he recited that his kinswoman, Elizabeth 
Etheridge, had since the making of his will, arrived in the Province 
and was then living with him, and increased her legacy from £3000. 
to £6000. and five slaves, with privilege of living in his house in 
Charles Town during her life. (P. C. R.. C. Co., Book 1740-47, pp.. 

' Will of Francis Hext. of John's Island, St. John's Parish, Colleton 
County, made Septem1x-r 17, 1745, and proved, by dedimus, before 
John Champneys, May 13, jyj6, gave 'on. William Hext. .?=;o acres on 
John's Island, commonly called the Indian Graves, and ten slaves; 


Issue : 
1 1 I. Francis Hext, who in. Elizabeth Stanyarne, and 

died about. 1746.*' (Issue.) 

gave son, David Hext, the plantation upon which testator then lived, 
containing 275 acres on Stono River, reserving a life interest for his 
wife ; gave his sons, Alexander and William, a tract of 89 acres on 
John's Island, in the great sw.amp joining Mr. Stanyarne's land, to be 
equally divided between them, William to have the part next to Mr. 
Stanyarne's Hickory Hill plantation; confirmed to son, Francis, a 
previous deed of gift and added £10. currency ; gave daughter, Sarah 
Hext, nine slaves and some furniture, to be delivered at eighteen or 
marriage ; directed that his son, "David be brought up under the care 
of his mother & be put to school at her discretion," and that Sarah 
live with her mother; gave wife, Sarah, and s^on, David, the remainder 
of his slaves, to be equally divided between them when David should 
reach the age of nineteen or marry; gave all cattle, not otherwise 
given, to his wife and sons, Alexander, William and David, and daugh- 
ter, Sarah, to be equally divided between them; appointed wife, Sarah, 
executrix, and sons, Francis and Alexander, and friend William But- 
ler, executors. Witnesses ; John Carter, Joseph Waight and Matthew 
Smallwood. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1740-47, pp. 317-318.) 

Will of Sarah Hext, of St. John's Parish, widow, made November 
26, 1754, and proved April 4, 1755, appointed friends, William Gibbes 
and Joseph Elliott, executors ; gave son, Alexander, £10. currency ; 
gave granddaughter, Elizabeth Flext, when eighteen or married, £100. 
currency ; gave a like sum to grandson, Francis Hext, when eighteen ; 
gave granddaughters, Sarah and Mary Buchanan, £100. currency each 
when eighteen or married; gave niece, Sarah Shingleton, £50. currency 
when eighteen or married ; gave daughter, Jane Hext, a black velvet 
mantelet; gave son, David Hext, all of her Estate not otherwise given. 
Witnesses: John Gibbes, Jr., and John Buchanan. (P. C. R., Book 
1752-56, pp. 332-333-) 

® Will of Francis Hext, of Colleton County, planter, made June 9, 
1746, and proved before the Governor, September 12, 1746, gave wife, 
Elizabeth, one half of all of his personal estate and the use for life 
of the tract of 382 acres of land, and the d\velling thereon, bought 
of Mr. Durant ; gave daughter, Elizabeth Hext, the other half of his 
personal estalte when twenty-one or married, a tract of 382 acres of 
land which had been given to him by his father, and, after the death 
of her mother, the tract of 382 acres given to her said mother for 
life, but providing, in case of her death before twenty-one or without 
issue, that it should all go to testator's brothers and sister, Alexan- 
der, William, David and vSarah Hext; appointed brothers, Alexander 
and William Hext, and father-in-law, John Stanyarne, executors, and 


12 11. Alexander He,xt, who in., December 15, 1743,* 

Jane Weaver, and died about lyGgJ 

13 III. AA^illiam Hext, who in. Mary , and died 

about 1754.'" 

14 IV. David Hext. 

15 V. Sarah Hext, who m. Buchanan. 

wife executrix. Witnesses : Joseph Coke, William Spencer, Jr., and 
I^Iary Mowbray. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1740-47, PP- 338-339-) 

^Register of St.Philip's Parish. 

twill of Alexander Hext, of Charles Town, planter, made Septem- 
ber 16, 1769, and proved before Lieut-Gov. Bull, December 22, 1770, 
g-ave wife, Jane Hext, 700 acres of land on the eastern branch of 
Salkehatchie River swamp, which had been given ito her by her father, 
Thomas Weaver, deceased, and a negro, a riding chair land two 
horses ; gave remainder of estate to wife and daughter, Jiane Eliza- 
beth, to be equally divided between them, but, in case of their dying, 
the estate to go to brother, David Hext, and sister Sarah Buchanan, 
and Thomas Weaver and George Coats ; directed that in case of his 
wife's death his daughter should be brought up under the care of Mrs. 
Elizabeth Saxby ; gave brother, David Hext, the gun that was their 
father's; directed that his niece, Sarah Buchanan, should live with his 
wife ; appointed wife executrix and (George Saxby, of Charles Town, 
and Paul Hamilton, planter, executors. Witnesses : Robert Hogg, 
John Wilkie and Henry Videau. Jane Wlilkie, formerly Jane Hext, 
qualified December 22, 1770. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1761-77, pp. 

"' Will of William Hext, of John's Island, Colleton County, planter, 
made April 24, 1752, and recorded May 24, 1754, gave wife, Mary, 
seventeen negroes, two riding horses, his whole stock of cattle, sheep 
and hogs and his canoe, together with the tract of land whereon he 
then lived, with his household goods and furniture and his carbine 
and silver watch, but in case of her death without heirs, the siaid prop- 
erty to go to his mother, Sarah Hext, his "two brothers", Alexander 
and David Hext, and sister, Sarah Buchanan; gave brother, Alexander, 
his saddle holsters and pistols; appointed friend, Edward Fenwick, ex- 
ecutor, and wife executrix. Witnesses: Benj. Walls, Sarah Stanyarne 
and Anna Phipps. In a postscript he gave his wife two new suits of 
clothes and all of his linen. Witnesses: John Williams, Alexander 
and David Hext. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1752-56, pp. 189-190.) 



David Hext [Hugh'] married Mrs. Ann Barnet, widow 
of George Barnet," and died in De.cember, 1754'. With 

^^ Benjamin Smith and Anne, his wife, in conveying a piece of prop- 
erty recited that it was granted by the Lords Proprietors to John Bul- 
line in 1678 ; that he conveyed it to Lawrence Reed, merchant ; that 
Reed conveyed it to Edward Middleton, February 6, 1697; that upon 
the death of the latter it vested in Henry Middleton, of London, who to Joseph Croskeys, who, December 11, 1698, conveyed it 
to Edward Loughton, who, December 20, 1707, willed it to his son, 
David Loughton, who willed it, November 3, 1713, to his wife, Ann, 
afterwiards the wife of George Barnet, and thereafter the wife of 
David Hext with whom she conveyed it, December 17, 1717, to John 
Bee, who willed it to his wife, Mary Bee, January 4, 1724, who, Octo- 
ber 24, 1730, willed it to her two granddaughters, Mary andl Anne 
Loughton, now the wives of said Benjamin Smith and William 
Mathewes. (Mesne Conveyance Records, C. Co., Book T., p. 602.) 
^^ Llis burial is recorded on December 3, 1754, in the register of St. 
Philip's Parish. 

Will of David Hext, of Charles Town, geritieman, made May 11, 
175 1, and proved before the Ordinary, December 6, 1754, appainted 
his "five LovS : Daughters namely Martha M^tCall Providence, Prioleau 
Grace Roper Amelia Dart & Elizabeth Hext Executors" ; gave wife, 
Ann, all of his household goods, five negroes, his horse and riding 
chair, harness, the rerit and use of his house land lot wherein he then 
resided for life, the rent and use of his house and land on the south 
side of Tradd Street during her widowhood, the residence and lot to 
be sold by Ithe executors after her death, and £100. sterling thereof 
given to his daughter, Amelia Dart, £100 sterling to his daughter, 
Elizabeth Hext, and the remainder consolidated with the whole estate, 
the Tradd Street house and lot to be sold at the death or marriage 
of said Ann Hext and the proceeds turned in witih the general estate 
and the whole, after paying all debts, equally divided betVeen the 
said five daughters of testator. Witnesses : Alexander Baron, Lionel 
Chalmers and Thomas Lamboll. "Eliz^ Williams formerly Hext Qual- 
ified as Extrix," January 17, 1755. (P. C. R., C. Co.) 

In The South-Carolina Gazette of January 2, 1755', John McCall, 
Samuel Prioleau and Benjamin Dart, over date: of January ist, ad- 
vertiise the sale on the 23d inst. of David Hext's plantation of 570 
acres on Edisto Island, together with the property on the plantation, 
and for various days thereafter the siale of other real and personal 
property left by the deceased. 



Isaac Waight he executed a bond to Governor Robert John- 
son, ^Nlarch 24, 17 18/19, for Waight's proper performance 
of the trust of guardian to WiUiam Stanyarne, infant and 
orphan of WiUiam Stanyarne, deceased*. He was an ap- 
praiser, with Capt. Alexander Hext, of the estate of John 
Hill, deceased, August 16, 1722"; was elected to the Com- 
mons House of Assembly from St. John's, Colleton, in No- 
vember, 1736'*; was reelected in 1739 and was put upon the 
joint committee appointed in 1741 to distribute the fund 
raised for the sufferers, from the great fire which occurred 
in Charles Town, November 18, 1740'"; was elected to the 
Commons House of Assembly from St. Philip's (Charles 
Town) in 1746" and was reelected in March, 1749"; ,w;as 
elected a Commissioner for Market and Workhouse in 
Charles Town in 1751." 

In 1747 John Allen executed a confirmation of title tio 
David Hext of lands sold by Andrew Allen to David Hext 

in i735-"^ 
Issue : 

16 I. Martha Hext, m., April 22, 1739, John 
McCalP^; d. December 13, 1784.2^ (Is- 
sue. ) 

* P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1711-18, p. 26 from back to front. 

" Ibid, Book 1722. 

^* The South-Carolina Gazette, Saturday, November 6, 1736. 

'" The History of South Carolina under the Royal Government (Mc- 

Crady), p. 240. 

^^ The South-Carolina Gaaette, Saturday, July 9, 1748. 

'^ Ibid, April 7, 1749. 

'' Ibid, April 15, 1751. 

t M. C. R., C. Co., Book RR., p. 458 

'" Register of St. Philip's Parish. 

"Departed this life this morning, (in an advanced age) after a long 
and painful illness, which she bore with christian patience and resii;>g- 
nation, being always submissive to the divine will of her heavenly 
father, Mrs. Martha M'Call, wife of John M'Call, sen. Esq. She was 
a good Christian, an affectionate loving wife, a tender mother, charita- 
ble, kind and benevolent, a good mistress, and a sincere friend— Her 
death is greatly lamented by her numerous relations, , and by all who 
had the pleasure of being acquainted with her. 'Blessed are the dead, 
which die in the Lord, for their's is the kingdom of heaven.' "^The 
Gazette of the State of South-Carolina, Monday, December 13, 1784. 


17 II. Providence Hext, m., October 14, 1739, Scimnel 

Prioleaii, Jr.^^ (Issue.) 

18 III. Grace Hext, m., September 5, 1745, William 

Roper.-- (Issue.) 

19 IV. Amelia Hext, hap. April 27, 1733^''^; m., Janu- 

ary 18, 1750, Benjamin Dart.^* (Issue.) 

20 V. Elizabeth Hext, m., January i, 1755,^'' Robert 

Williams, Jr.; d. November, 1769.^^ (Is- 
sue. ) 

Thomas Hext [Hugh^] married Judith Esther Torquet, 
September 26, 1723.^' 
Issue : 

21 I. David Hext, who in. Jane ■, and d. in 

1759.-^ (Issue.) 

'' Register of St. Pliilip's Parish. 

"This Indenture made the Twent3^-Pourth day of March in 
the Twentieth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord 
George the second by the Grace of God, Great Britain" &c. 
"Between David Hext of Charles Town in the Province of 
South CaroHna Gentt. and Ann his Wife, of the one part, and Sam- 
uel Prioleau Junior of the same Town and Province Gent", and Provi- 
dence his wife, one of the D'aughters of the said David Hext and Ann 
his Wife", &c. 

"' Register of St. Philip's Parish. 
'' Ibid. '' Ibid. 
'' Ibid. 

^^ "Died]" * =5^ * "Mrs. Elizabeth Williams, the amiable Consort of 
Robert Williams, junior, Esq." — The South-Carolina Ga::ctte; And 
Country Journal, Tuesday, November 7, 1769. By deed, dated Septem- 
ber 25, 1755, John McCall and ^Nlartlm, his wife; Samuel Prioleau and 
Providence, his wife; William Roper and Grace, his wife; Benjamin 
Dart and Amelia, his wife; Robert Williams, Jr., and Elizabeth, his 
wife, "which said INIartha, Providence, Grace, Amelia & Elizabeth are 
the only Five Children and Daughters, and Divisees, and Executors of 
the last will and Testament of David Hext late of the said Town & 
Province Gent, deced," conveyed lot No. 274 to Jeremiah Theus. 
^' Register of St. Andrew's Parish. 

'' Will of David Hext, of Colleton County, made April 22, 1759. and 
proved August 3, 1759, gave wife, Jane, iio. currency; gave son, John 


22 11. Joseph Hext, who m. Sarah , and d. in 

2;^ III. Edward Hext, who m. Mary , and d. in 


24 IV. PhiHp Hext. (Issue.) 


Amias Hext [Hugh^] married Mary , and died 

in 1722.^^ 

Hext, three negroes ; gave daughter, Rebecca Hext, three negroes ; 
gave said John and Rebecca his stock of cattjle, to be divided equally 
between them; gave daughter, Ann Hext, thirteen negroes,; gave son, 
WilHam Hext, twelve negroes, a tract of 200 acres of land on the 
west side of Pon Pon River, near Jacksonborough, bounding north- 
ward on the estate of John Peter, and a tract of 100 acres of land] 
on the east side of Pon Pon River ; gave daughter, Ann, ten cows 
and ten calves ; gave remainder of estate to son, William, but, in case 
of his death under age or marriage, it was to go to bis dteiughter, Ann, 
or in case of her death before marriage or majoritty, her share to go 
to William, and, in case of the death of both, John and Rebecca were 
to have £1200. currency each, and the remainder of the estate was to 
go to the children of testator's brother, Philip ; appointed brothers, 
Philip and Edward Hext, and John Peter, executors. Witnesses : John 
Cochran, James Reid and William Osborn. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 
1757-60, pp. 225-226.) 

'" Will of Joseph Hext, of St. Bartholomew's Parish, planter, made 
June 20, 1755, and proved August 22, 1755, gave wife, Sarah, two ne- 
groes; gave nephew, Pliiilip Hext, Jr., a negro; gave nephew^, Thomas 
Hext, son of Philip Plext, a negro; gave nephew, William Hext, son 
of Philip Hext, a negro; gave godson, John Condy, a negro; gave 
brother, Edward Hext, a silver watch; gave wife a ridiing chair and 
the crop then in the ground and all other property not otherwise 
given; appointed brother, Philip Hext, executor, and v/(ife, Sarah, 
executrix. Witnesses: Margaret Donnom and Wilham Eberson. (P. 
C. R., C. Co., Book 1752-56, pp. 374-375-) 

"" Will of Edward Hext, of St. Bartholomew's Panish, planter, made 
January 31, 1768, and proved before Governor Montagu, April 15, 
1768, gave wife, Mary; and daughter, Elizabeth, all of his, estate; ap- 
pointed wife executrix and friends, Moses Darquier and Thomas 
Buer, executors. Witnesses: Peter Coui^stiell, John Webber and 
Elizabeth Webber. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1761-77, p. 213.) 

Will of Amias Hext, of Colleton County, planter, made February 
16, 1721-22, and proved before Governor Niicliolson, February 20, 


Issue : 

25 I. Hugh Hext, who m., April 29, 1742, Mrs. Su- 

sannah Beresford (maiden name Boone), 
widow of Michael Beresford, and died in 
November, 1744.^^ (Issue.) 

26 II. Amias Hext. 

27 III. Mary Hext. 

Hugh Hext [Hugh^] married, November 2, 1723, Sarah 
Boone-^^ ; d. in November, 1732^^. His widow married 
Andrew Rutledge, attorney at law. 

1723, gave wife, Mary Hext, one third of his personal estate; gave the 
other two thirds of his personal estate to his children, Hugh, Amias, 
and Mary Hext, when they should reach the age of twenty,* or marry, 
if sooner; gave planta'flion whereon he then lived, containing 380 acres, 
to his sons, Hugh and Amias, provided his executors should find it 
necessary to sell the plantation of 400 acres at Ashepoo to pay his 
debts, but in case there should be enough to pay all debts wiithout 
selling said plantation, then the home place to Hugh and the Ashepoo 
place to Amias ; appointed wife executrir, and brother, Hugh, and 
cousin, Paul Hamiiltion, executors. Witnesses : Francis Hext, Thomas 
Weatherly, Robert Godfrey, Thomas Hext and Daniel McFarland. 
(Book 1722-24, pp. 256-258.) 

^^ The register of Christ Church Parish contains the marriage, as 
above, and records his burial on November 9, 1744. 

Will of Hugh Hext, of Colleton County, plaritler, made November 9, 
1744, and prove"d before Gov. Glen, January 18, 1744 (1745), gave his 
wife, Susannah, his lot and houses on the Bay in Charles Town for 
life, to go at her death to his son, Thomas Hext (minor), his planta- 
tion of 380 acres on John's Island for life, to go at her death to said 
son, Thomas ; gave said Thomasi his plant0,tion, Scott's Bluff, on Ashe- 
poo River, bought of one Lashly and containing 380 acres ; directed that 
the tract of 350 acres which he had purchased of Thomas Tattnall 
should be sold to pay his debts ; gave son, Thomas, twenty-stix slaves 
and directed that he be educated; gave brother, Thomas Knights, 
when twenty-one, £100. proclamation money; gave wife remainder 
of slaves and confirmed a "Jointer made to her afore marriage" ; ap- 
pointed wife, Susannah, executrix, Francis Hext, Jr., "Brother in 
Law William Boone" and Robert Sams executors. Witnesses : Sam- 
uel Smith, Samuel Smith, Jr., and Henry Chris't,ie. (P. C. R., C. 
Co., Book 1740-47, pp. 207-209.) 
^^ Register of Chnist Church Parish. 

^* "Capt Hugh Hext, was buried November 29th: 1732."— Register of 
Christ Church Parish. 


Issue : 
28 I. Sarah Hext, h. September 18, iy2^^'^ ; in., De- 
cember 25, 1738, Dr. John Rutledge^*^ 
(younger brother of Andrew) ; d. April 
22, 1792^^. 

Will of Hugh Hext, of Berkeley County, gentleman, made November 
23, 1732, and recorded February 17, 1732/3, gave wife, Sarah Hext, 
for life, the use and benefit of all lands that had been given to him 
by the will of Sarah Fenwicke, deceased, and the use and benefit of all 
slaves and otiher personal property bequeathed to him by said Sarah 
Fenwicke, providing that she use the profits arising therefrom to pro- 
vide for and educate testator's daugher, Sarah Hext; gave his "Dearly 
Beloved & only Daughter Sarah Hext," upon the death of her mother, 
all of the propentjy left to him by Sarah Fenwicke, two dwell ingjs 
and premises in Charles Town, one of which was then in possession 
of Elizabeth Croxton and by him purchased from John Methering- 
ham, and the other of which, then in possession of one Mo'ore, was 
formerly the property of Mary MuUins, deceased, a plantation of 550 
acres, at Stono, and a plantation of 640 acres upon St. Helena, Gran- 
ville County, but provided that in case she should die the property 
given to the wife for life should become her absolute possession and 
the remainder should go to testator's brother, Edward Hext, sister, 
Martha Bee, wife of John Bee ; £50. per annum to kinaman, John 
Hext, for life; £500. each to Hugh Hext, son, and M'argaret Hext',, 
daughter, of kinsman, John Hext; £500. each to Thomas Tattnall and 
Michael Beresford; appointed wife executrix and brother, Edward 
Hext, executor. Witnesses : Mary Smith, David Hext and Thomas 
Ellery. (P. C. R., C. Co., Book 1732-37, pp. 11-13.) 
'"' "Sarah the Daughter of Hugh & Sarah Flext was born September 
i8th Anno Domini 1724 and Baptised October ye i8th Anno Domini 
1724." — Register of Christ Church Parish. 

^^ "Dr. John Rutledge was married to Sarah Hext, December 25th,, 
A. D. 1738 by the Revd. Robert Small."— Ibid. 

"On Sunday morning last departed this life, Mrs. Henrietta Rut- 
ledge, the wife of Edward Rutledge,, Esq; and eldest daughter of the 
late honorable Henry Middlcton." 
* * t- ^f * * 

"On the same day at her plantation in Christ-Church parish', Mrs. 
Sarah Rutledge— in the 68th year of her age. A -lady justly respected 
for her benevolence and amiableness. Her death is/ universally re- 
gretted."— 7/ir City Gazette & Daily Advertiser, Friday, April 27, 


Our First Fire Department. — 'Three Fire-Engines for 
the Use of this Town are come over from England in the 

Live-Oak/' — TJic South-Carolina Gazette, November 7, 

MiDDLETON-IzARD. — The following marriage notice v\'as 
inadvertently omitted from Salley's Marriage Notices in 
The South-Carolina Gazette and Its Successors: 

August "19th, Arthur Middleton, Esq; was married to Miss Polly 
Izard, daughter of Walter Izard, Esq.; deceased." (Monday, October 
8, 1764.) 

A Floating Battery in 18 13. — It has generally been be- 
lieved of late years that the floating battery constructed in 
Charleston Harbor at the beginning of the State's Rights 
War, under direction of Gen. Trapier, from plans fur- 
nished to Gen. Beauregard by the late Wm. Gilmore Simms, 
was the first of its kind — in this part of the world at least. 
But the following paragraph from the City Gazette and 
Commercial Daily Advertiser for Wednesday, March 31, 
18 1 3, shows that the idea, at leasts was not a new one to 
Charleston : 

''As the defence of the city is a subject which at present occupies 
much of the attention of the citizens, and particularly the 'Committeie 
of Twenty-One,' who have the subject under their more immediate 
attention, we have deemed the present a favorable moment to publish 
the article in the preceding columns on the utility, construction and 
expense of a new and ingenious Floating Battery, which w^e respect- 
fully recommend to the attention of our readers." 

The article referred to was clipped from the New York 
Western Star, and gives the plans in detail for constructing 
a floating battery. 

The Capture of Fort McIntosh, 1777. — In the last issue 
of this magazine there was reprinted (pp. 261-262) an ac- 
count from The South-Carolina and American General Ga- 
zette of February 27, 1777, of the capture, by Lt.-Col Fuser, 
of the garrison at Fort Mcintosh, Ga., under command of 


Capt. Richard Winn. The following later account is from 
The Gazette, of the State of South-Carolina for Wednesday, 
April 9, 1777: 

"Part of the half-starved garison of St. Augustine, under the com- 
mand of Lieutenant Col. Valentine Fuser, with a body of Indians, and 
Irregulars, led by a certain Mr. Brown, and some field pieces, lately 
made an effort, to procure some fresh meat from Georgia, by a sudden 
irruption into the Southern part of that state. They conquered a small 
stockade fort, unprovided with cannon, and garisoned by about 30 
men, at Satilly : They kept possession of it three days, till they heard 
that some Continental troops and militia were on miarch to intercept 
them, then burnt the fort, and returned to the place from whence 
they were sent. The glories of this important enterprise, we shoill, 
without doubt, in due time, see fully displayed in the Nezv-York Mer- 
cury and London Gazette. 

One of the gallies belonging to the state of Georgia, has, since the 
above ajffair, taken a scooner in St. Mary's river, laden with rice in 
bulk, destined for St. Augustine." 

Moultrie. — The following additions are offered to the 
Moultrie family history published in the last issue of this 
magazine : 

"Died.]" * * * "On the loth Instant, Dr. John Moultrie, aged 71 
years ; a Gentleman of Eminence in his Profession, univerjlally be- 
loved in Life, and whose Death is much lamented." — The South-Caro- 
lina Gazette; And Country Journal, Tuesday^ December 17, 1771,.' 

"The King's Commission hav- 
ing been received, appointing "The Reader is desired to cor- 
the Honourable John Moul- rect two Errors in our last Pa- 
trie, Esq; Lieutenant-Gover- per, under the Charles-Town 
nor of His Majesty's Province head, viz. — Where the Hon. 
of Georgia, the Council of that John Moultrie, Esq; is men- 
Province have presented a tioned as Lieutenant Governor 
congratulatory Address to that of Georgia, read East Flori- 
Gentlemen, highly complimen- da." — Ibid, Thursday, Novem- 
tory, at the same Time, to His ber 7, 1771. 
Excellency Governor Grant." — 
The South-Carolina Gazette, 
Thursday, October 24, 1771. 

A Bill of Sale of Rice, 1762. — The original of the fol- 
lowing bill of sale of rice in 1762 was recently presented 
to the South Carolina Historical Society by Dr. John W. 
Jordan, of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania: 



Sales of Twenty five whole and seven half Tierces of Rice Imported in 
the Brig^. Hawke George Snow Master on Accompt & Risque of M\. 
Anthony Clarkson of Charles Town South Carolina Viz^ 

X 1 








when [ 
sold J 

Purchasers Names 

•£ 5 
















Samuel Elliot 



at 25/ 



Christr. Hodge 



at 27/ 





William Maxwell 



at 25/ 




Nathaniel Gilbert 



at do,, 





George Savage 


2 SO 

at do. 



Esa. of Jarnes Emra 



at do. 





fEsa. of Edward Otto Bayer 



at do 




Timothy Clerkley 


1 1000 j 1 

at do. 




Francis Farley 



at do. 



Hunter Morson & Co. 




at 22/ 






! 13973 








-Charges on the above Sales- 





To freight of 25 whole & 7 half Tierces of Rice w*. 
13973 at £g„ 10/^ Ton Consisting of 3000 Nt.— 44,, 4-11^ 
To Cooperage, Wharfage, and Porteridge @ [ 

i8d ^ Trs. and half Trs. 9^. : f 2,, 2,, 9 

To my Commissions on 172,, 12,, iji @ 7^ ^ C*. 

I2„ i8„ 10^4 59" 

To Anthony Clarkson his Ace*. Curt, for 

the Nt. proceeds — 

Antigua October 30th.. 1762.— > 

Errors Excepted 

Alexr Willock 

Endorsed: M"". Alexand Willock 

£ s d 

Antegoa 83: 5: 9 
Alexander Willock 
8*^ November 1760 
Sales of 32 bbls of Rice 

£ 113 


5l 6 


Hugh Smith Thompson, a member of the South Carolina 
Historical Society, died at his residence, 55 East 
53rd Street, New York City, on the night of Sunday, 
November 20, 1904. He was born in Charleston, S. C, 
January 24, 1836. He was reared in Greenville District, 
S. C, where his father, Henry T. Thompson, farmed, at 
the foot of Parris Mountain. He was a grandson of Hon. 
Waddy Thompson, one of the Chancellors of the Court of 
Equity of South Carolina for many years, and a nephew of 
Gen. Waddy Thompson, sometime a member of Congress 
from South Carolina and minister to Mexico during the 
Harrison-Tyler administration. He was graduated from 
the South Carolina Military Academy in 1856, and a year 
later was elected an assistant professor at the Arsenal Acad- 
emy at Columbia, and rose by regular promotion to captain, 
having filled the professorships of French and Belles-Let- 
tres. During the State's Rights War he was transferred to 
the Citadel Academy in Charleston and saw service with 
the battalion of Cadets in Charleston and at other points 
in the State until the end of the war. After the war he 
was elected principal of the Columbia Male Academy and 
brought that institution to a high state of excellence. In 
1874 he was elected president of the Richland Rifle Club, 
the forerunner of the Governor's Guards militia company. 
The Richland Rifle Club took a prominent part in the trying 
episodes of 1876, and under Thompson's captaincy the 
Governor's Guards won the prize at the Inter-State drill at 
the State Fair at Columbia in 1877. On the organization 
of the Richland Battalion he was elected major, com- 
mander, and later was elected colonel of the Palmetto Regi- 


ment, and commanded the provisional regiment which the 
State sent to the Yorktown celebration in 1881. In the 
State Democratic Convention of 1876 he was unanimously 
nominated for State Superintendent of Education, al- 
though not a candidate for the nomination, and was unani- 
mously renominated in 1878 and in 1880, and would have 
been renominated without opposition in 1882 had he not 
withdrawn at the request of leading members of the 
Board of Trustees of South Carolina College, who desired 
to press him for the presidency of the College to succeed 
President Wm. Porcher Miles, who had resigned. He was 
offered the superintendency of the South Carolina Military 
Academy at Charleston in the same year and declined it. 
When the State Democratic Convention met in Columbia in 
1882 there were two announced candidates for the office of 
governor. Quite unexpectedly Hon. W. L. Mauldin, of 
Greenville, nominated Col. Thompson. Hon. E. B. Murray, 
of Anderson, arose and announced that Col. Thompson 
had requested him to say that he v/as not a candidate and 
could not be a candidate and that if the Convention nomi- 
nated him it would be the wish of the Convention and not 
his. Col. Thompson afterwards sent a peremptory demand 
that his name be withdrawn, but the Convention preferred 
him and he was nominated. He was renominated in 1884 
without opposition and reelected. In 1886, at the request 
of President Cleveland, Governor Thompson visited Wash- 
ington, and, shortly after his return to Columbia, the Presi- 
dent offered him the position of United States Commis- 
sioner of Education, but he declined it. On the 28th of 
June, 1886, the President tendered him the appointment of 
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, which he accepted, re- 
signing the office of governor. Owing to the illness of 
Secretary Manning, and, later, to the frequent absence of 
Secretary Fairchild, who succeeded Manning, he was often 
at the head of the Treasury Department. As such head he 
occupied, temporarily, a seat in the President's Cabinet, and 
it fell to him, on more than one occasion, at times of great 
financial crisis in Wall Street, to avert public panic by his 


coolness, foresight and business acumen. During the sum- 
mer of 1887 the Department bought from $10,000,000 to 
$12,000,000 worth of Government bonds. On September 
2 1 St., on the eve of a pubhc crisis, in order to strengthen 
pubhc confidence in the Government, Governor Thompson, 
who was acting as Secretary at the time, suggested to the 
President that a circular be published offering to purchase 
$14,000,000 more of the bonds. When the circular appeared 
on Wall Street the next day the effect was electrical and the 
crisis was averted. After the defeat of the Democratic 
ticket in 1888 President Cleveland nominated Assistant Sec- 
retary Thompson for a position on the Civil Service Com- 
mission, but the Senate failed to confirm his nomination. 
After the inauguration of President Harrison seventy-five 
out of seventy-six United States Senators petitioned the 
President to appoint former Assistant Secretary Thompson 
to the same position and the nomination was accordingly 
sent to the Senate on May 7, 1889, and it was promptly 
confirmed. When the New York Life Insurance Company 
was reorganized in the spring of 1892, former Secretary of 
the Treasury Fairchild was made chairman of the board of 
trustees, and, at the same time, the oi^ce of comptroller 
was created by the company and was offered to Commis- 
sioner Thompson who accepted it, and in this position he 
served until his death. , 


Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume I. 1857. ^2.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume 11. 1858. $2.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume III. 1859. $4.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume IV. 1887. 'Unbound, $2.00. Bound, $3.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume V. 1897. Paper, $2.00 

Oration delivered on the third anniversary of the South 
Carolina Historical Society, by James Louis Petigru. 1858. 


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Address A. S. SALLEY, Jr., Sec. cmd Treas., 

Charleston, S. C. 







VOL. VI— Xo 2 

AF'RIL, 1905. 

Entered at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C, as Second-class Matter. 

Printed for the Society by 


Charleston, S. C. 



Joseph W. Barnwell, Henry A. M. Smith, 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 


A. S. Salley, Jr. 


Correspondence between Hon. Henry Laurens and his 

Son, John, 1777-1780 47 

Hecords of the Regiments of the S. C. Line, Continen- 
tal Establishment .^ 53 

The Town of Dorchester in South Carolina — A Sketch 

of Its History........... 62 

Historical N'otes 96 

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The South Carohna 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VI. APRIL, 1905. No. 2. 


[ Continued from the January number. ] 


Addressed: L*. Col°- John Laurens. 

Valley forge Camp- 

York Town 22"^ Jan^. 
My Dear Son — 

Your friend & fellow Soldier DuPlessis leaves 
York Town with a heart full of happiness as yours & mine 
used to be when M'. Staytape had brought home the ]N"ew 
Coat — he will tell yon everything. 

More time will be required for me to consider the propriety 
of your scheme for raising a bhick Regiment, than you seem 
to have taken for concerting the project — there is nothing 
reasonable, which you can ask & I refuse — I will not refuse 
this, if after mature deliberation you will say it is reason- 
able — but before you can mature such a plan many con- 
siderations are to be had which I am persuaded have not 
yet taken place in your mind — a Work of this importance 
must bo entered upon with Caution & great circumspection, 


otherwise a Man will be reduced to the ridiculous state of 
the Fox who had lost his Tail. 

This is a very serious & important affair which shall have 
every proper degree of respect paid to it in my future con- 
templations & we will determine when we meet — I will close 
the subject at present by a frank declaration that I am more 
inclined to give than to leave you an Estate — it cuts me 
deep w^hen I allow my self to think the chance for the latter 
is rather against me. — 

Congress last Night confirmed an Act consisting of much 
recital & many Resolutions, calculated for retaliating the 
Injuries & Insults offered by the Enemy to the Inhabitants 
of these States when made Prisoners — this when the Secre- 
tary's Clerks are pleased to Copy — will be transmitted & 
published in your Camp — 
My dear Son I pray God to keep you — Henry Laurens. 

Endorsed by John Laurens: 22*^ Jan^. 1778. 

Endorsed by Henry Eaurens: H. L. to J. L~^ 

York Town 22^ Jan^ 1778 


Addressed: Lieut'. Colonel John Laurens 

Head quarters 

Valley forge Camp — 

York Town 25 January 
My Dear Son-^ 

M'. DuPlessis who went from York I be- 
lieve on Friday did me the honour to bear a Letter to you — 
I did not tell you then that the Marquis delafayette is oflered 
a (command upon an intended expedition into Canada 
which Avill separate him from the General — there can be 
nothing else intended but honour to the Marquis & benefit 


to the Public. — General Conway is voted second in Com- 
mand & General Starke third. 

General Conway called on me & sat an hour, he introduced 
the unhappy dispute subsisting with the General, & assured 
me there were no such words in his Letter to Gen. Gates as 
those quoted by the General — this he had learned from G. 
Gates he had not kept a Copy of his Letter — pray can you 
explain this Mystery — but you know tis not my wish or de- 
sire to pry improperly into the aft'airs of other Men — this 
indeed may be called a public afiair & I am afraid will be- 
come very public — but as one party has appealed to me &. 
the friends of the other delivered their sentiments, I have 
some Claim upon each to inform me truly. — 
By the continual passing of Officers from your Camp one 
would think you had all broke up for the holydays — what 
condition are you in ? do you ever exercise your thoughts 
on that question, or do you go on like an honest fearless 
•aninquisitive unsuspecting Lad ? 

My Dear Son. I pray God, give 

You Wisdom & protect you 

from Snares—^ 

Henry Laurens, 

L*. CoP; John Laurens--^ 

Endorsed by John Laurens: 25'^ Jan^. 1778. 

Endorsed hy Henry Laurens : H. L. to J. L-~^ 

York town 25^\ Jan: 1778 


York Town 

6'\ Febry 1778. 

My Dear Son— ^ 

Your favor of the 2^ Lis*, came to hand late 
lastKight,^ as you have filled six Pages on the jSTegro scheme 
» See The Army Correspondence of Colonel John Laurens, pp. 114-118, 


without approaching towards a plan & Estimate — & as you 
have totally overloo'ked every other subject on which I have 
addressed yon in several late Letters — the conclusion that 
jour whole mind is enveloped in the Cloud of that project, 
is unavoidable — if any good shall arise from a prosecution 
of it — the merit will be solely yours — for now, I will 
undertake to say there is not a Man in America of 
your opinion 'Nay you will not be of your own opinion 
after a little reflection — 'tis evident you want to raise a 
^Regiment, as evident you have not digested a plan — admit- 
ting, which I admit only for argument, you have a right to 
rem ( we a Man from one state of Slavery into another — or if 
you please into a state of servitude which will be esteemed 
by him infinitely worse than Slavery — what right have you 
to exchange & Barter "Women & Children" in whom you 
pretend to say you have no property? — 
Thii very same observation may be made with respect to 
the Men — for you have either property in them, or you havQ 
aiot — admitting the latter which you seem to acknowledge, 
upoji what o^round of justice will you insist upon their in- 
listing for Soldiers, as the condition of their enfranchise- 
ment. — if they are free — tell them so— set them at full 
liberty— & then address them in the language of a recruiting 
Officer to any other free Men- — & if, four in forty take your 
inli.-ting bounty, it will be very extraordinary, this small 
number w\\\ do it through ignorance & three of the four be 
returned as Deserters in a very short time — 
All this by no means intimates that I am an Advocate for 
Slavery — you know I am not, therefore it is unnecessary to 
attt-mpt a vindication — 

The more I think of & the more I have consulted on, your 
scheme, the less I approve of it— Wisdom dictates that I 
should rather oppose than barely not consent to it — but In- 
dulgence & friendship warranted by Wisdom, bids me let 
you take you own course & draw selfconviction — therefore 
cume forward Young Colonel, proceed to So Carolina you 
shall have as full authority over all my I^egroes as justice 


to your Brother & Sisters & a very little consideration for 
my self will pernait you to exercise — & so far do what you 
please & as you please without regard to S'. Mary Axe — 
You want a Eegimeut that's certain, go to Carolina & I will 
warrant you will soon get one, I will venture to say, sooner 
than any other Man of my acquaintance — you will have 
many advantages — in raising a Regiment of White Men. 
On the Journey you may think fully & converse ^vith many 
worthy sensible Men, on your favorite idea — when you ar« 
rive in Charles Town you will have further advantages, if 
you are disposed to receive them, from the sentiments of 
your most judicious friends — Your own good sense w^ill di- 
rect you to proceed wearily in opposing the opinions of 
whole ligations — lest ivithout effecting any good, you become 
a bye word, & be so transmitted, to Your Children's Chil- 
dren — 

give me a day's l^otice previous to your appearance here in 
order that an apartment may be provided for you if possible — 
for it is barely possible to obtain one— ^ 
My Dear Son 

I pray God protect you 
& add to your knowledge 
& learning, if it be necessary, 

discretion — 

Henry Laurens, 

L\ Col°. John Laurens — 

Your friend Fleury this moment takes leave of me & in 
pouring freely a thousand good wishes — drops a few to you 
in particular & desires I would tell you so— with some diffi- 
culty he obtained leave to pursue the Marquis but failed in 
his attempt to Climb Rank — 

The bearer of this w411 deliver two more Camp Shirts, I 
sent two & a piece of Scarlet Cloth lately by Barry— it gives 
me some little trouble to collect & send forward these 
things, why will you not be so kind as to take the very little 
which is necessary barely to acknowledge the Receipt of 
them-— ^ 


I have often requested this & have assigned such good 
reasons for the necessary Check as I should have thought 
abstracted from the Idea of humouring an old & good 
friend, would have made a proper impression upon a Man 
of so much accuracy as I perceive you are when you trans- 
act-business for or correspond with any body but poor me — 

JEndorsed by John Lanrens: 6'*^ Febr^ 1778. 

indorsed by Henry Laurens : H. L to J. L— ^ . 

York town G^Feb: 1778 

[ J(9 be continued in the next nmnber of this magazine.'] 


[^Continued from the January number.^ 


[officers of the 2nd. regiment, 1780.] 

Major Harleston— Dec^ 30'\. 1778— 
Capt\ Mazyck— May 6"\. 1777— 

Warley— Dec^ 26"\ 1777— 


Baker— April 25^\ 1778 

Proveau— 27—1778 

Mason— Nov : 25r. 1778— 

Gray— Dec'. 30'\. 1778— 

Foissin— July 13*\. 1778 
Kolb— 15'\. 1778 

Langforcl— Ocf. 3'\ 1778— 
Frierson March-9'\.1779— 
Evanes— Aug: 18^ 1779 
Ogier— 4.. 79— 

Legare— Ocf : 9 1779 
Dunbar— Feb: 24^\. 1780 

H?rt— 28 1780 

Mazyck— March 1780 


Pay Master Gray — 

Jer*^: Theus— Aug: 2^ 1777 

Mate Syl: Springer— June 27"'-. 1778- 



[rum and sugar RETURNS OF THE 2nD. REGIMENT.] 

A rum return for tlie Officers of the 2^ S°. Carolina Reg^ 
from March the 20"'= to Ap^^ 18 Both Inchisive 1780 

1 Colonel 

1 Major.. 30 jells 

7 Captains 210 -d\ 

7 Lieutenants 210 -cl°. 

1 Paymaster 30 -d^ 

2 Surgeon & Mate 60 -d°. 

540 jells 

Captains to Draw Rum & Sugar Rum due from 20*''= 
March & Sugar from Ap\ 10'*^ 

Capt. Moultrie Subalterns 

Mazjck ^^ v~ ^ 

Warley Foissin 

Baker Kolb 

PrOVaUX Gilladay 1 -^ _ ^ 

, ^ due from 10th V Lauo^tord 

Mason &Suj?aralso-) ^ 

Gi-ray Foissin joined Ap^ 12 


9 Gills Langtord 

8 Gills — Frierson 




[a return of the BICK of the 2nd. REGIMENT.] 

A Weekly Return of y^ Sick in y\ 2\ Reg', of South Caro- 
lina Infantry Commanded by Col. ¥r\ Marion 















r— 1 




























I 4 i 4 I 1 1 2 1 7 I 3 ! 3 ! 26 

April— 23\ 1780— Jh: Theus— Suro;^ 2^ Reg'- 

[charge at a court martial.] 

At a Reg*. Court Martial held 23^ April 1780 by order Maj 

Cap'. Moultrie, President 
Lieu*'. Ogier & Legare, Members. 
Prisoner, Abraham Anderson confined by Maj^ Harleston 
on suspicion ot Theft from Peter Lappin 






CO ^ 




g3 23 

Sg ^ ^ 

§^ : 






^^ s g 


S : 



Courts Martial 




al5 al5 : 
<^ < ; 





: <5 




; ^ 



































[brigade ORDERS, MAY 1, 1780.] 


The Commanding Officers of the Several Batteries on the 
Lines are requested to send the returns for the Supply of 
Ammunition every Morning by Nine OClockas mentioned 
in the Orders of 25'". Ap\ — those who are regardless of 
Orders and this particular point of duty, on w'". not only 
their own post; but also the Safety of the whole Garrison 
depends, must expect to be reported to the General 
Lieutenant ColP. Grimke's Corps will furnish constantly an. 
Orderly Serjeant to attend at the Horn Work & be relieved 
Every Morning at Guard Mounting May V\ 1780 



Gen : Moultrie will be obliged to Maj : Harleston to order 
aSerj*: & twelve Privates to take in charge [break] from 
Captain [break] battery to [break of several words] Captain 
[break] battery 

A: M°: Queen 
A: de Camp 
May 6'^ 80, 




[a receipt for artillery stores.] 

"Received May 1^ 1780. from Lieut. Coll". Grrimke the fol- 
lowing Artillery Stores at Battery IST" 4— > 
1 — 18 pounder on field Carriage 
1 — 4 pound er-a field piece 
SO Cartridges ready filled, including 

one in the Gun — 
57 round Ball & Eammer 1 Apron 

1 saddle 
4 Grape Shott includ^ one charged 
2J bbs Cannon powder of * each 
ith j^gg priming powder 

2 powder Horns & prickers 

Wadding for 18^=:= 

18 round Shott | 

3 Cases fixed Ammunition for brass top d° above J 

• 3 Cases ditto d". Canister 63 Eounds 
Tubes & portfires — 2 Linstocks 
1 Spunge Staff for 4'=z pounder 



Addressed: Maj Harleston 

2 Regim*- 

I) Maj. 

Capt Coronat is not in Camp, I Coseave you at Ml Lib- 
erty To send the Spades as it was a Gen' order. 

from D Maj your Hum 
2 May 1780 W\ Henderson 




Su^ar. Coffee 

]1>. lb. 

Delivered Cap-. Mazyck .34 - 25 

T>\ Dunbar 9. 25 

D°. Baker 30. 25. 

D\ Provaux 46. 25 

D^— Mason 9.— 3 

D^— Gray 50. 25 

D". Koux 50. 25 

D". Martin , _ 25 

D"— Capers 50. 25 

Do_ Petrie 50. 25 

D°-- AVarlev 50. 25 

D^'- Kolb..*; , 9. 8 

D°. Foissin 44. 11 

D^ Ogier 30. 6 

D°. Legare 9. 18 

D\ Evans 15- — 

D°. Hart 8. 4 

D**: Theos 41. 11 

jy\ Springer 41. 11. 

rec^ from Coll. Marion's house May 3'. 1780—^^ about 35'* 

Sugar & 12^'' Coffee 

. [38.} 


Cha^-Town May 11. 1780 

You will please to give to Col°. Grimkee Such number 
of men from the battery you have in charge as he shall call 

I am D Sir your Obdt Serv* 
B Lincoln 
Maj Harleston 

"May 3rd. could not have been the date of the preparing of the 
above report, for there are names thereon of officers who had resigned 
before that date. 


[a retuen op the officers of the 3d. regt.] 

Beturn of the officers in 3'. S^ C. reg* 

Cap*^ — F . Warley S er van ts 

J. C. Sn:iith John Peterkin 

J. Warley Jo'. Haynes 

U. Gloodwyn W". Chapman 

J. Buchanan Jn°. Campbell 

JBaker Ja^ White 

F Farrer Jac^.. Brunsin 

G. Liddell... 

Jl\ Pollard Wm. Myrack 

Lieuts. J. Goodwyn.... Sam^ Kelley — 

A. Smith Peter M Grew 

M. MGuire Elijh, MGuire 

W. Love Tho'- Douglas 

J)\ Ja\ Martin Jn"- Caul dwell 

Officers — 14 Servants — 12 

Taylor 1 

Tctal 13 
2'' June 1780 
Felix Warley Capt. Cora. 
3 Reg^ 




Addressed: Major Harleston 

of the 2\ R*- So. Caro=: 
Haddrell's Point 

Dear Sir, 

I have laid your Request before Gen\ Patersou, 
the Commandant, who tells me he cannot yet grant the In- 
dulgence you wish for — but will consider of it. It will give 
me pleasure to serve you in that or any other Matter, — and 
I shall assuredly wait the earliest Opportunity to do so — 

with regard I am, 

D% Sir, 
Your most obedient Serv. 

Geo : Turner 
Major Harleston 

\_To he continued in next number of this m.agazme.~\ 


By Henry A. M. Smith. 

About twenty-six miles from the city of Charleston ; on 
the north bank of the Ashley River, and about six miles in 
a southwestwardly directiofi from the railroad depot in the 
present town of Summerville can be seen an old church 
tower with an overgrown disused graveyard around it, and 
some two hundred paces farther on — on the edge of the 
river — are the walls of an old fort, constructed of that mix- 
ture of shells in lime mortar formerly called "tapia" or 
"tabby".^ These two conspicuous objects, with some 
scattered and shapeless masses of brick at irregular intervals, 
marking the sites of former houses, are all that remains of 
the town of Dorchester, once a comparatively flourishing 
hamlet in the Low-Country of South Carolina, but which 
with the lesser hamlets of Jamestown, New London or 
Willtown, Jacksonborough, Purrysburgh and Soraerton,and 
the still lesser, or only projected, villages of Radnor, Ashley 
Ferry, Childsbury and Chatham, has so long been deserted 
that its story has been nearly forgotten, and its very site 
nearly obliterated. 

In the case of Dorchester its frequent mention in histories 
of the Revolution of 1775-1783 in South Carolina; the fact 
that it gave its name to one of , the ecclesiastical and political 
divisions of the Province and State, viz : the parish of St. 
George, Dorchester, joined to its vicinity to the town of 
Summerville have conspired to preserve its name, the tra- 
dition of its former existence, and the place of its location, 
but beyond this practically nothing else is generally known 
concerning its history. It has cost no little time and labour 
to dig out of vanishing records the following account of its 
origin and fate. 

^ Often spelled "tapis" in early records. — Editor. 


The site of the old village of Dorchester is on a neck or 
peninsula of land between the Ashley Kiver and a creek now 
called Dorchester Creek. This creek was originally known 
as Boshoe, or Bossua Creek. It is called now Rose Creek, 
where it crosses the road from Summerville to Dorchester; 
Newington Creek, or Swamp, a little higher up, where it 
crosses the road from Summerville to Bacon's Bridge and 
curves through the old Axtell, or Blake, plantation styled 
JSTewington (the northern part of which is now Dr. C. U. 
Shepard's tea farm), and finally is known as the Saw Mill 
Branch where it forms the southeastern boundary of the 
town of Summerville. 

A little below the point where Dorchester Creek de- 
bouches into Ashley River, another creek called Eagle's 
Creek also empties into the Ashley — this last creek deriving 
its name from one Richard Eagle, who, about 1734, pos- 
sessed the tract of land where the public road crossed the 

The region about the mouths of these two creeks — es- 
pecially about the peninsula between Dorchester Creek^and 
Ashley River — was known by the Indian name oi 

It was first granted to John Smith, who on 20th ISTovera- 
ber, 1676, obtained a grant for 1,800 acres covering this 
peninsula and the site of the future village.^ He was a man 
of considerable estate who had arrived in Carolina in 1675 
with his wife and family and especially recommended by the 
Earl of Shaftesbury "as my particular friend'^* with directions 
tliat he be allowed to take up a manor in some suitable place. 
John Smith was subsequently a member of the Grand Coun- 
cil and was created a Cassique, and died in 1682. From the 
name of the locality in which his grant was situated he was 
styled "John Smith, of Boo-shoo".^ 

The meaning of this Indian term is unknown save that 

iSec'y State's office, Vol. 38 (Prop, grants), p. 4. 
2Sec'y State's office. Grant Bk. 1696-1703, p. 92. Collections S. C. 
Hist. Soc, Vol. v., p. 470. 


the termination ''ee" or "e" seems to have some connection 
with water — viz: Peedee, Santee, Wateree, Congaree, Co- 
pah-ee, etc., etc. 

The creek near the village of Mt. Pleasant, now called 
Shem, w^as originally Shem-ee Creek.^ 

The land included in the grant in 1678 to Arthur Mid- 
dleton of 1,780 acres on Goose Creek (on a part of which 
the present Otranto club-house stands) is called " Yeshoe",* 
and in the grant to James Moore ot 2,400 acres on Foster's 
Creek in 1683, the lands are described as known by the 
Indian names of Boo-chaw-ee and Wapensaw.^ The Indian 
name of Foster's Creek was Appee-bee.^ 

The appellation Boo-shoo-ee was not confined to the site 
of the future village on the riverside, but was applied to the 
low land in the vicinity as "Boshoe Swamp" and geiierallj^ 
to the whole tract or plantation of 1,800 acres. 

It is spelt very variously in the old deeds and plats, viz: 
Boasoo, Boshoe, Bosho, Boosho, Booshooe, Boosoo, Bossoe, 
Bossua, Boochaw-ee, etc. 

Tke high land or bluff on the river where the village was 
afterwards located was, at the time of its location and after- 
wards, an "old field" and probably the site of the first clear- 
ing and settlement of John Smith. . 

John Smith, of Boo-shoo, died prior to December, 1682, 
as in December, 1682, his widow, Mary, married Arthur 
Middleton, and on the death of the latter, about 1684, mar- 
ried Ralph Izard. ^ 

John Smith seems to have left no children, and in some 
way his grant for 1,800 acres must have lapsed to the State 
or the method of a new grant must have been adopted so as 
to confer a good title, for in the year 1696 this same 1,800 
acres is re-granted to the settlers who were to confer upon 
it the name of Dorchester. 

m. C. O., Charleston, Bk. U. 7, p. 87. 

4Sec'y State's off. Grant Bk. 1696-1703, p. 92. 

5Sec'y State's off. Vol. 38 (Prop. Grants), p. 209. 

fiSec'y State's off. Vol. 17, Miscellaneous, p. 100. 

-Sec'y State's off. Vol. "Grants, etc., 1704-1708", p. 250. 


The history of the town and township (so-called) of Dor- 
cliester, in South Carolina, begins with tlie immigration 
thither of a small colony from the township of Dorchester, 
in the then Province of Massachusetts Bay. 

The earliest record notice is in the records of the First 
Church at Dorchester, in E'ew England. 

On those records it appears that on tho 20th October, 
1695, Joseph Lord, Increase Sumner and William Pratt 
were "dismissed", i. e. transferred, from that church for 
"Y« gathering of A church for y<^ South Coralina"« 

Two days later, 2nd October, 1695, w^e read : 
"ocktober y 22 being ower lecktuer day was sett apart for 
the ordering of M^ Joseph lord for to be pastuer to A 
church gathered that day for to goe to South Coralina to 
settell the gospell ther and the names of y^' men are thes 

Joshua Brooks ] ^ ^ 

AT ^1, • 1 T>-ii- y of Concord 

JS^athamel Billings J 

William Norman Coralina 

William Adams Sudbury 

Increase Sumner 

William Pratt 

George Foxe Reading 

Simon Daken Concord 

thes with M'. Joseph lord did enter into a most solem 

Covenant to sett up the ordinances of Jesus Christ ther if 

the lord caryed them safely thither accordin to gospell truth 

withe a very large profeson of ther faithe".^ 

One William ISTorman had some years before, viz: on 
22nd September, 1684, obtained the customary survey pre- 
paratory to a grant irom the Lords Proprietors of Carolina 
for 320 acres of land, which was located on the Ashley 
River, on the northeast side, about three miles above the 

^Records of the First Church at Dorchester , New England, published 
in 1891, p. 13. 
9Ibid, p. 109. 



spot where the vilkge of Dorchester was afterwards laid 
out, i. €. above the old Boo-shoo settlement. 

This William I^orman was probably the one of that name 
mentioned in the above list as of Carolina. Possibly to his 
desire for neighbours of congenial spiritual and social dis- 
position was due the original suggestion of the colony. Of 
the rest of the list, Joshua Brooks, Nathaniel Billings, George 
Fox and Simon Daken do not appear, from any records we 
have, to have ever settled in Carolina — at least their names 
nowhere appear among the actual land-owners at Dorches- 

There are two other references to the settlement in the 
records of the Dorchester Church in Massachusetts. 

"December 5''', 1695 — The church for Carolina set sail 
from Boston Dec 14'*' at night the skiff was neer run und' 
water y*" Stormy wind being so boisterous, they kept a day 
of pray on board: & safely Landed at Carolina DecemV y° 
20'^ }•' oth' vessells had a Moneths Passage this but about 14 

"Feb': 2"^ Then was y** first Sacrament of y" Lords Supper 
that ever was Celebrated in Carolina Eight persons re- 
ceived besides Such as were of y*" Church by virtue of 
Comunion of Churches, and there was Great Jo}^ among y* 
Good People of Carolina & many Thanksgivings to y" 

And again : 

"Nov. 1, 1696, Deacon Sumn^s wife & family & His Broth-" 
Samuel Sumn' with his wife & family with Peter Kellys 
wife & six children Dismissed to y" Church of Christ neer 
Newington in South Carolina (since called Dprchester)".!^ 

The first of these entries, viz: that of December 5th, 1695, 
was evidently made after its nominal date, as it mentions 
the date of sailing, the 14th, nine days after the apparent 
date of the entry. The expression as to the "other vessels" 

lOIbid, p. 145. 
iilbid, p. 148. 


must refer to vessels other tliau the one that carried the 
"Church", as we shall see presently by Elder Pratt's diary 
there was but one vessel which at that time conveyed tlie 
members of the Church. It only marks the contrast between 
the quick passage of the vessel that carried the "Church" 
and the time taken by other vessels which sailed about the 
same thne. 

The statement as to the communion celebrated on the 2d 
February, 1695/6, being the first ever celebrated in Carolina 
is entirely erroneous. There had existed in Charles Town 
for many years before that date the Church of England, 
known as St. Philip's, on the site where St. Michael's 
Church now stands; also a "Meeting" House, or a Congre- 
gational Church, upon Meeting Street, supposed upon the 
present site of the Circular Church, as well as a Huguenot, 
or French Protestant Church, on or near the site of the 
present French Protestant Church, on a lot originally 
granted to one Michael Lovinge, a carpenter, and which 
having been sold by Lovinge to Archur Middleton was by 
the latter's widow with her husband, Ralph Izard (whom 
she married after Middleton's death), sold to James Nicholls 
on the 5th May, 1687, "for the use of the commonalty of the 
French Church in Charleston".^^ 

There can be no possible doubt but that communion had 
been repeatedly celebrated in these churches according to 
their respective rituals long before the emigration from Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts. 

The entry of 1st N'ovember, 1696, is worthy of note as 
showing that the name "Newington", which was the name 
given to the plantation of Mrs. (generally styled "Danie" or 
"Lady") Rebecca Axtell, the widow of Landgrave Daniel 
Axtell, had come into general use, evidencing that she had 
for some time been settled there. 

We have \u the diary of Elder Pratt— the William Pratt 
mentioned in the Dorchester (Mass.) Church entry of 22d. 
October, 1695— an account of the voyage of the party from 

i2Sec'y State's off. ''Grants, etc., 1704-1708", p. 250. 


Boston to Charles Town. This, as being from firsthand, is 
more authentic than the entry in the church record of Deer. 
5, 1695, made from information. 

Elder Pratt's diary, as a picture of the time, would, save 
for its length, be worthy of production here in full. It has 
been substantially all printed by the Rev. James Stacey, in 
his .History of the Midway Congregational Churchy Liberty 
County, Georgia, printed in 1899, at l^ewnan, G-eorgia. 

The original diary is now in the possession of one of El- 
der Pratt's descendants, Mr. Joshua Eddy Crane, of Bridge- 
port, Mass. 

Summarized, Elder Pratt's diary gives the account of the 
sailing of the ''Church that was gathered in order to carry 
y*" gospel ordinance to South Carolina" from Boston on 
Dec. 5, 1695, in one vessel (not two as has been erroneously 
stated). They had good weather until the 9th, when they 
encountered a gale, but from a favorable direction, and after 
its abatement made such progress as to get into Charles 
Town harbour on the 20th December. They were welcomed 
with a salute of 9 guns, "which was more than us all", and 
were very kindly entertained on shore. 

After a week in the town he "was carried by water up to 
M'. Normans — Increase Sumner and I were kindly received 
and entertained by the Lady Axtel^^ and tho' two other men 
were endeavouring to get into favour with y" lady and other 
neighbours and to obtain the land at Ashley River" yet 
the lady and others of the neighbours were more kindly dis- 
posed to them. 

The minister, Mr. Lord, and others of the "Church" who 
had remained in Charles Town were urged by "y^ Lieut: 
General Blake^*^ and many others" to settle at ]!Tew London^^ 
and had gone to Landgrave Morton's near that place. 

I'^Of Newington. 

l*Joseph Blake, Governor and Proprietor, then residing on his plan- 
tation called "Plainsfield", on Stono River, near New Cut. 
loOn Pen Pon River, generally known as Willtown. 


Elder Pratt and his companion also went to Landgrave 
Morton's to view the land at New Lotidon, and there Elder 
Pratt gave Mr. Lord his preference for Ashley River, and 
the latter agreed with him. 

From Landgrave Morton's they returned, stopping first 
at "Mr. Curtises" and then at "Mr. Gilbosons'' and Govr. 

"We were very kindly entertained at every place where 
we came. We heard of some of those that came from New 
England that had been guilty of gross miscarriages w^ was 
a trobel to us". 

They stayed in Charles Town, and then "after this M"". 
Lord and some of y^ church came up to Ashley river and 
upon y« Sabeth after being y*" 26"' of January M"^ Lord 
precht at M"". Normans house upon that text in 8 Pom. 1 
vrs. There were many that came to hear of y*" neighbours 
round about and gave diligent attention. The second day 
of February being Sabath day M'. Lord precht at Ashley 
river upon y* text 1 Pet: 8: 18. Most of y'' neighbours came 
to hear all y' next neighbours and several persons came 
about 10 miles to hear. The Sacrament of y^ Lords Supper 
was administered y' day and 2 deacons chosen. At this 
time there was great joy among the good people". 

Elder Pratt in this contemporaneous entry does not claim 
the communion administered on the 2d. February, 1696, as 
the first celebration of the Lord's Supper ever had in Caro- 

The first assertion of this appears in the entry made in 
the records of the church at Dorchester, Massachusetts, as 
of 2nd February, 1696, evidently made by the person who 
kept the records from communications from Carolina. 
Thence it seems to have crept into a farewell sermon 
preached by the Pev. Mr. Danforth when a year later Elder 
Pratt (having in the meanwhile returned to New England) 
a^ain embarked for Carolina. This sermon seems to have 
been printed in 1697, and is cited in Holmes's American 


Annals for the statement (under A. D. 1696) ''the regular 
administration of the ordinances of the Gospel had not been 
introduced into Carolina until this year", and "there being 
withall in all that country neither ordained minister nor any 
church in full Gospel order", as stated by the Rev. Mr. 
Gildersleeve in his century sermon preached at Midway, in 
(ireorgia, in 1797, upon the authority of Mr. Danforth's ser- 

The statement is repeated in the Rev. Mr. Howe's History 
of the Presbyterian Church in South Carolina, but with the 
qualification that its correctness is contested. 

Elder Pratt left Charles Town to return to ISTew England 
on 8th February, 1696. A year later he sailed from Boston 
with his family to return to Carolina. He sailed from Bos- 
ton on the 8th January, 1696-7, and left Nantasket on the 
15th. The}' enountered a very stormy passage, and only 
reached land on the 23rd of February. He does not state 
if any others of the "Church" than his own family came 
with him, but as the records of the Massachusetts church 
show that two months previous, viz: November 1, 1696, 
Deacon Sumner's wife and family, and his brother, Samuel 
Sumner, with his wife and family, with Peter O'Kelly's 
wife and six children, had been dismissed to the church 
near Newington, since called Dorchester, in all probability 
they accompanied Elder Pratt on this second voyage, and 
with the latter and his family, consisting of his wife, Eliza- 
beth Baker Pratt, and daughter. Thankful Pratt, constituted 
the departing friends to whom the Rev. Mr. Danforth ad- 
dressed his valedictory sermon printed in 1697. The con- 
fusion made of these two departures is also evidently the 
origin of the statement in Mr. Howe's history that they 
sailed on the 14th December, 1695, in two small vessels, 
whereas Elder Pratt, in his contemporaneous diary mentions 
but one. 

During Elder Pratt's absence in New England the land 
had been finally secured. On 7th July, 1696, a grant was 
made to John Stevens of the very 1,800 acres, known as 


Boo-shoo, formerly granted to John Smitli.i^ Another tract 
of 2,250 acres lay to the west of the Boo-shoo tract on the 
Ashley Bivor, filling the intervening space between the line 
of the grant to John Smith and the 320 acre grant to Wm. 
I:Torman and the ll^ewington grant of Lady Axtell. This 
had apparently been granted or transferred to, and was in 
the possession of a Mr. Bose, and was known as "Bose's" 
or "Bose's land". Exactly how this was obtained from Bose 
or why new grants were made the record does not disclose, 
but on the 1st February, 1699-1700, two new grants were 
issued to John Stevens, one for the 1,800 acres, or Boo-shoo 
tract, and the other for the 2,250, or "Bose's" tract— 4,050 
acres in allir. 

These grants altho' issued to John Stevens, individually, 
were for the beneiit of the intending settlers of the ''Church", 
as the deeds made by John Stevens to them soon show. 

Elder Pratt and the rest of the "Church" having arrived 
in February, 1697; the Land procured was divided. Elder 
Pratt states in his diary: 

"The 23'^ of March in the year 1697 the church and 
others that were concerned did draw loots the 24^^ day that 
all meet together to stake out and mark their loots in the 
trading town on both days when they met together on 
those occasions there was love and amity and peace in what 
was acted" 

The division w^as then made and determined by lot. The 
place styled by the Elder "the trading town" was what was 
afterwards known as the village of Dorchester, which on the 
old map is stated to have been laid out as a place of trade. 
A map and division was made of the whole 4,050 acres, and 
the term Dorchester, or Township of Dorchester, was ap- 
plied to the whole, the village site being only the place of 
trade in Dorchester. The old name Booshoo, however, long 
survived. In the deeds from John Stevens the tract of 
4,050 acres is always described as consisting of two tracts, 

leSec'y State's off. Vol. 38 (Prop. Grants), p. 298, 
xnbid, p. 370. 


one called Booshoo and the other Rose's. The "Rose 
land" having been obtained after the Boo-shoo tract is some- 
times called the "IsTew Grant" or "I^ew Granted". 

In a conveyance from the Rev. Mr. Lord to John Hawks, 
4th March, 1716-17, of 100 acres it is described as lying 
"partly in that part of the land belonging to Dorchester 
which is commonly called the 'New Grant partly in that 
formerly called Bossoo." 

As time went on and the village grew in size and import- 
ance the name Dorchester was restricted, but universally 
applied, to this town and the older designations were for- 

The map showing the division of the whole 4,050 acres 
has long since disappeared. Only by a comparison of deeds 
and adjoining titles can the lines and divisions be approxi- 
mately arrived at. 

Elder Pratt's diary shows that the "Church" were not the 
sole occupiers of these divisions, for his entry says that the 
Church '^and others that were concerned^^ drew lots for the 

There appears to have been a division into twenty-six 
parts, for John Stevens, in his conveyance of the land to be 
used for the support of the church ministry, after conveying 
certain speciiic lots, conveys l-26th of all undivided land in 
Dorchester. This undivided land consisted of 123 acres 
reserved for mill land near the mouth of the creek on its 
north side, and a "commons" of 50 acres adjacent to the 
place of trade. When the mill land was afterwards sub- 
divided it was into 26 lots of 4| acres each, and the "com- 
mons" into lots of about 2 acres each. 

The old deeds show the general division of the 4,050 acres 
to have been as follows : 

There was first set aside about 50 acres, sub-divided into 
115 lots of about a quarter of an acre each in size to form a 
"place of trade". 

Space was left for a public square and for streets, and an 
area of about 20 acres between the town and the creek 
where it enters the river was also left for public use. 


A "commoDs" of about 50 to 52 acres was set oft' adjacent 
to the town, immediatelj^ to the west. An area of 123 acres 
was set aside for mill purposes and called "mill land". This 
123 acres lay north of the town, along Boshoe Creek, and 
included the low land on each side of the creek. 

The remainder of the land was laid oft' in two divisions. 
The first division consisted of two ranches. The first rans^e 
consisted of 26 lots of 50 acres each laid oft' along the Ash- 
\ey Kiver, each lot being about 10 chains wide in its front- 
age on the river, and running back 50 chains. The number- 
ing began at lot No. 1, next to William IN'orman's line, 
about a third of a mile west of the present Bacon's Bridge, 
and were numbered successively down toward the town. 
Lot 1^0. 26 being next to the "com?iions". 

The second range of the first division lay immediately 
north of the first range, from which it was separated by an 
highway, and was divided into 26 lots of 45 acres each. 
The second division lay immediately north of the second 
range from which it was also separated by an highway, and 
was likewise divided into 26 lots of 45 acres each. 

The present village of Stallsville and the eastern part of 
the town of Summerville, viz: from about Fourth South 
Street on the north and Sumter Avenue on the west are on 
part of this second division of the 4,050 acres — on part of 
the 2,250 acres known as Rose's or the New^ Grant. 

The list of the settlers has not come down to us. The 
occupiers of the lots were not confined to them, but from 
data derived from later transfers, wills and conveyances the 
following appear to have formed substantially all of the new 
settlers who received lots in the division : 

1. John Stevens. He was in Carolina before the others 
arrived. The record does not show where he came from. 
lie was one of the leading men in the Dorchester settlement, 
and was the ancestor of the Stevens family, members of 
which have always occupied position in lower South Caro- 


2. Revel. Joseph Lord. Was the Pastor under whom the 
"Church" immigrated. Received lot I^o. 10 in the first 
range, and purchased lots 11 and 12 in the same range. 
Lot 10 he subsequently conveyed (15 Aug. 1721) to "Michael 
Bacon Nathaniel Sumner and Thomas Osgood J'- and the 
rest of the inhabitants of in and about Dorchester now under 
the ministrv of the Rev M' Huo-h Fisher". He left Caro- 
lina and returned to Massachusetts in 1720. 

3. Increase Sumner received a lot in the first range. 

4. William Fratt. He received lot No. 23 in the first 
range. It is to his diary that we are indebted for so much 
information as to the first settlement. He returned to New 
England and there died 13th January, 1713. 

5. William Adams. 

6. William Norman. He had already a grant for 320 
acres, and does not seem to have taken any part of the 
division of the 4,050 acres. He apparently left a number of 

7. Samuel Sumner, brother of Increase Sumner, received 
lot 24 in the first range. 

8. 3Iichael Bacon. Received a lot in the first rano^e, and 
purchased lots 6 and 7 in the same range from John Stevens. 
On one of these last two was situated the bridge over the 
Ashley Ixiver, originally called Stevens's Bridge, but ever 
since and now known as Bacon's Bridge. 

9. John Simmons received lot 12 in the first range. 

10. Abraham Gorton received lot 13 in the first range. 

11. Jona3Mn Clarke received lot 14 in the first range. 

12. Thomas Osgood had a lot in the first range and 
l-26th part of all undivided lands. 

13. Job Chamberlain removed to Carolina in 1698, and 
in 1702 owned a lot in. the second division. 


Aaron Wat/, Sea''. 


Aaron Way, Jm^. 


William Way. 


Moses Way. 


Samuel Way. 


All ot the Ways seem to have been original settlers and 
at an early date owned lots in one or other of the divisions. 

19. Robert Miller^ an early settler, as early as 1717 had 
accumulated 479 acres in the second range of the first di- 

The foregoing are all that can be said with any degree of 
certainty to have been among those who received lots at the 
first division of the 4,050 acres. 

The following are the additional names of others who ap- 
pear soon afterwards as owning some of the lots and as form- 
ing part of the distinctive Church: 
John Hill, in 1726. 

Thomas Satur, " 1722. 
Feter Savey, " 1738. 

Joseph JBrunson, " 1722, 
John Haioks, " 1721. 

David Batcheler, " 1707. 
John Kitchen, " 1720. 

Thomas Graves, '' 1720. 
Bobert Winn, " 1718. 

Stephen Doiose, '' 1727. 
Isaac Brunson, ''1712. 
There w^ere outsiders, apparently, who had lots very early. 
These may have been the "others that were concerned", 
mentioned by Elder Pratt. 

Ralph Izard and Daniel Chastaigner, both persons wholly 
disconnected with the "Church", held lots in the first range 
at an early date. Izard prior to 1708 and Chastaigner prior 
to 1712. 

The small lots in the town, or place of trade, very soon 
began to drift into the hands of outsiders. 

There has been a tendency to depict this settlement as 
something unusual — a band of enthusiastic missionaries 
carrying the Gospel into a primeval wilderness. 

The Rev. Mr. Howe, in his History of the Bresbyierian 
Church in South Carolina, says they "came into this country 
as a missionary church to plant an institution of the Gospel", 


iind again they sailed "toward the land God had given them 
as an inheritance, not knowing whither they went", and 
again that they settled "here in the midst of an unbroken 
forest inhabited by beasts of prey and savage men twenty 
miles from the dwellings of any whites they took up their 

All this is rhetorical but not historical. Mr. Howe cites 
as his authority a sermon styled "The Hand of God Recog- 
nized", preached by the Eev. Mr. George Sheldon on the 
22d. February, 1846, in the Congregational Church at Dor- 
chester, in observance of the 150th anniversary of that 
church. This sermon does make similar statements, but 
the reverend author gives no references for his statements. 

The contemporaneous records show otherwise. The 
"Church" debated between two points. Booshoo and New 
London. They were entertained and housed at both places 
by persons who had already settled. The lands they finally 
settled on had been granted away and settled by another 20 
years previously. They were surrounded by settlers who had 
preceded them, viz : Lord Shaftesbury's barony with its set- 
tlement lay to the south, on the opposite side of the river. 
West of them were the settlements of Col. Andrew Per- 
cival (granted in 1682), of William Forman (1684), of Ben- 
jamin Waring, of Lady Axtell at Newington, East, along 
the Ashley River, the entire land was taken up already by 
grants and settlements, and northeast of them, about six 
miles off towards the head of Goose Creek, was another and 
quite numerous group of settlements dating from 10 to 20 
years previous. 

Elder Pratt himself says in his diary that Mr. Lord's first 
preaching was attended by "all y"" next neighbours", and 
that persons even came from 10 miles around. 

It is not even certain that the church building, constructed 
by the Dorchester immigration, was the first church build- 
ing constructed in that section. 

The little colony of French Huguenots who settled in the 
neighbourhood of the head of Goose Creek had at a very early 


period a small church structure on lands not far to the east 
of the present Ladson's station, on the Southern Railway. 
This last may have preceded the erection of any church at 

Provision was made at once, however, by the Dorchester 
settlers for the construction of a permanent church building 
and the support of the ministry, for on 21st September, 
1702, John Stevens conveyed "for provision for the minis- 
try of the Congregational Church now settled in Dorchester 
unto the inhabitants of Dorchester and particularly unto 
William Pratt Increase Sumner and Thomas Osgood Sen'. 
as persons intrusted by the inhabitants of Dorchester and 
to their successors from time to time chosen by the inhabi- 
tants of said Dorchester", lot l^o. 9 in the first range with- 
in the land "now called by the name of Dorchester (which 
was formerly two tracts one commonly called Boosoo the 
other Roses land)", also Lot 1 in the second division, also 
4 small lots ^tsTos. 13, 33, 44 and 112 "in the place designed 
for a place of trade within Dorchester", also l-26th of all 
undivided land within Dorchester. The ministry seems to 
have been provided for as if the "Church" itself formed one 
of the 26 to whom the tract was partitioned. 

The church building was placed on Lot 9 in the first 
range where its ruins and the old grave-yard stand to this 

It was not placed in the town or place for trade, but 
about one and one-half or two miles to the west, near the 
public road, then called the "Broad Path". 

The place seems to have thriven slowly. Thankful Pratt, 
the daughter of William Pratt, married a Daniell Axtell, of 
Sudbury, in Massachusetts. When he came to Carolina is 
not known, but he was here in 1699, carrying on a saw mill 
and tar and turpentine business in connection with Lady 
Axtell and Robert Fenwicke, and Gershom Hawdcs. He 
kept a sort of day book of accounts, which is now in the 
hands of his descendants, Mr. Joshua Eddy Crane, of 
Bridgeport, Massachusetts. 


This day book as coutainiiig the names of the persons 
with whom he dealt gives us the names ot the then persons 
living in and around Dorchester. Gershom Hawks and 
Kobert Fenwicke had each obtained grants for 1,000 acres 
in the vicinity — Robert Fenwicke in 1700^^ and Gershom 
Hawks in 1705.^^ All of the present town of Summerville, 
not included in the Dorchester tract of 4,050 acres, lies 
Avithin the last two grants. Germantown. and that part of 
Summerville adjacent to Germantown are on the grant to 
Hawks, and all of New Summerville, i. e: that part laid out 
by the Railroad Company is on the grant to Fenwdcke. 

The old mill dam and mill site which gave the name of 
"Saw Mill" Branch to the swamp is either on part of the 
oriiijinal Dorchester o^rant or the o-rant to Fenwicke. 

Daniel Axtell left Carolina in 1707 and returned to Mas- 
sachusetts, and died in 1736 at Deighton on the Taunton 

Although of the same name name as the Carolina Axtells 
there is no known blood connection between them. 

As early as 1729 the land where the old mill dam ran 
across the swamp in Summerville was known as "Saw mill 
land". It had no connection with the tract of 123 acres re- 
served as "Mill land" near the town of Dorchester, but was 
the land around the saw mill which w^as operated by Daniel 
Axtell prior to 1707. Ever since that. date this part of Boo- 
shoo Creek, adjacent to Summerville, has been known as 
"Saw Mill Branch". 

In 1882, before the present canal down the swamp was 
excavated, the old mill dam was practically intact. Some 
of the old mill timbers of solid cypress remained on the old 
mill site. The oldest inhabitant could remember no one 
who had seen the mill run, and the grow^th of pines showed 
that no water could have been kept on the pond for near a 

isSec'y State's office, Vol. 38, p. 400. 
laibid, p. 523. 


The data as to the town of Dorchester and its early his- 
tory are very scanty. The country around it began to fill 
up, and the town, lying at the head of navigation on the 
Ashley River, became a trading place and point of distribu- 
tion. It stood at a point capable of easy defence and of easy 
communication by water with Charles Town, and thus be- 
came a point of support and refuge from Indian invasions. 

The settlers in Dorchester began to overflow. It was easy 
to obtain grants of land, and many grants were obtained 
higher up and across the Ashley River, especially in the 
section known afterwards as "Beech Hill". 

Merchants established themselves in the town. The 
streets are not named on the plan, and the only names that 
have come down thro' the deeds are the ''Bay", lying along 
the river, and "George" Street, the stieet running to the 
"Broad Path" or public road. 

Gillson Clapp was a merchant "on the Bay" in 1724, and 
in 1722 Thomas Satur, of Dorchester, Jacob Satur, of Lon- 
don, Eleazer Allen, of Charles Town, and "William Rhett, 
Jr., of Charles Town, formed a co-partnership to carry on 
trade at Dorchester. 

In 1708 Dorchester was a small town containing about 
360 souls. 

Ih 1706 the Rev. Joseph Lord wrote to a friend in Massa- 
chusetts that the country was more frequented by way of 

In 1706 the Act for the establishment of the Church of 
England in the Province was passed. Six parishes were 
created, and Dorchester was included in St. Andrew's Parish. 

In 1715 the Yemassee Indian War broke out, and the en- 
tire province south of the Stono River was devastated. 
The Yemassee invasion itself seems never to have reached 
Dorchester, but an invasion of the Indians to the northw^ard, 
which took place at the same time, was more threatening. 
This invasion was met by Capt. George Chicken at the head 
of the Goose Creek militia, and a decisive defeat w^as in- 
flicted upon the Indians at a place styled in the old accounts 
"The Ponds", 


This appears to be the Percival plantation at the point 
now called "Sbulz's Lake". 

The Yemassee War inflicted a terrible loss on the Province, 
and tor many years delayed the settlement of the Province 
to the south of Ashley River. 

In 1719 St. Andrew's Parish was divided, and the upper 
portion, including Dorchester and the surrounding territory, 
was created a separate parish and called St. George. 

A church was directed to be built at a point to be selected 
by a majority of the commissioners named with the ap- 
proval of a majority of the inhabitants of the parish of the 
profession of the Church of England who should contribute 
to the building. The commissioners were: Alexander 
Skene, Capt. Walter Izard, Thomas Diston, Samuel Wragg, 
John Cantey, Thomas Waring and Jacob Satur. 

The place selected for the church was the place for a place 
of trade or Dorchester town. 

The parish church, with its surrounding graveyard, was 
then placed in the town on lots Nos. 52, 53, 54, 55 and 56. 

The parish then contained 115 English families, amount- 
ing to about 500 persons, and 1,300 slaves. The town now 
began to forge ahead. Roads were extended by statute into 
the surrounding country, and in 1722 the bridges over the 
Ashley — Stevens's Bridge (now Bacon's Bridge) and 
AVaring's Bridge (now Slann's Bridge) were confirmed as 
laiblic bridges. 

In 1723 an Act was passed for settling a fair and markets 
in the town of Dorchester, in Berkeley County, ''being a 
frontier in that part of the Country". 

In 1734 an Act was passed for the founding and erecting 
a free school at the town of Dorchester, in the parish of St. 
George, and in the same year an Act was passed to clear 
out the Ashley River up to Slann's Bridge. 

A bridge across the river, opposite the town of Dorchester, 
had already been built. 

A great loss of population in the surrounding country 
took place in 1752-56. The descendants of the original set- 


tiers who gave the name to Dorchester — the members of the 
"White Meeting" or Congregationalist Church — liad over- 
flowed into the surrounding country. So many of them had 
settled in the Beech Hill section that about 1737 another 
place of worship was constructed there for tlieir convenience. 
The "Church" had acquired 95 acres in two tracts on the 
''Beech Hill" road, and on one of these tracts, not far from 
the parish line of St. Paul's, the building for worship was 
constructed. The congregation being practically the same 
as that at Dorchester, one minister served at both places on 
alternate Sundays. 

In 1752-56 a general exodus of these congregations took 
place to G-eorgia. The reasons, as stated in their records, 
were lack of sufficient lands for their increasing numbers, 
and the unhealthiness of Dorchester and Beech Hill. In 
1752 they procured two grants of land, aggregating 31,950 
acres on the coast of Georgia, between the Medway and 
l^ewport rivers, in what subsequently became Liberty 
County. E^early all of the congregations of the Dorchester 
and Beech Hill churches with their minister, the Rev. John 
Osgood, removed. The names of the settlers who took up 
the 31,950 acres and their subsequent history is fully detailed 
by the Bev. Mr. Stacey, in his History of Midway Churchy 
to which reference has already been made. 

The effect of their removal was practically the death blow 
to the Congregational Church in St. George's Parish, Dor- 
chester. 'Eo settled minister was had to perform services. 
The building at Beech Hill, being of wood, soon perished. 
From, that date the history of Dorchester ceases to be the 
history of a Congregational settlement and becomes the his- 
tory of the village of Dorchester and the parish of St. 
George, Dorchester. 

In addition to its growth as a town during these years 
Dorchester also had become the place of resort for supplies 
for the country around, which had been taken up more 
or less for the seats and plantations of a number of wealthy 


Just below on the Ashley, on its north bank, was the 
plantation of the Wrights now called "Oak Forest", and 
below that the residence of one of the branches of the Izard 
family called "Cedar Grove", well known for the style of 
its buildings and its gardens. Above and beyond the road 
to Bacon's Bridge was the seat of another one of the Izards, 
on the old grant to William Norman, and called "Burton"? 
and afterwards "Fair Spring", where are still to be seen 
the remains of a large brick house. Above this was the 
site of the original grant to Benjamin Waring, the ancestor of 
the Waring family, and which during the Revolutionary War 
was owned by Dr. David Oliphant, a member of the Council 
of Safety and Surgeon-General of the Continental forces in 
South Carolina. Aoove this again was the old grant and 
residence of Col. Andrew Percival, always known as "The 
Ponds" — the chief pond now being "Shulz's Lake". The 
most pretentious buildings and mansion were those at "New- 
ington", the old Axtell settlement, which through Lady 
Axtell's daughter, Lady Elizabeth Blake (Lady as the wife 
of a Landgrave and Lord Proprietor), liad descended to 
Col. Joseph Blake. The INewington house was said to have 
been one of the largest brick houses built in lower Carolina 
at that period, and with its double avenue of live oaks and 
wide gardens was at the time of the Revolutionary War one 
of the "show places", so to say, of the country side. The 
Ralph Izard who settled at "Burton", afterwards "Fair 
Spring", about a mile and a half distant, had married a 
daughter of Col. Blake, and a straight road or avenue led 
from one house to the other. 

West of INewington, across the swamp and within a few 
yards of the present public road, now called the Orangeburg 
road, was the brick mansion of "Mount Boone", de- 
vised by Lady Axtell to another daughter, Mrs. Joseph 
Boone. By his will in 1733, Mr. Boone directed himself to 
be buried at Mount Boone, and his broken grave stone is 
still there, adjacent to the foundations of the house, with 
the inscription placed over him in 1733. 


A number of other settlements stretched up alon.i^ the 
Cypress Swamp to the north, where a number of grants had 
been made to the Ways, Warings, Postells, Ford, Vcrditty, 
Boisseau and Porcher to the point well known on the old 
plats and in the old Statutes as "Izard's Cowpen", another 
large estate of the Izard family where the public road 
crosses the Cypress Swamp. 

To the east of Dorchester was the settlement and mansion 
of Robert Miller, on what afterwards was known as "Rose 
Hill", and that of Mr. John Branford at the point where 
stands the house formerly owned by the late Dr. Brailsford. 
South of which was the place belonguig early in the last 
century to Sir Hovenden Walker, and generally called his 
barony. West of this again, and nearer Dorchester, was 
the seat of Richard Walter, which was after the Revolution- 
ary War acquired by Capt. Matthias Hutchinson, and by 
him named '-Traveller's Rest", and opposite this, on the east 
of the public road, was the seat of Mr. Richard Waring, 
originally called "White Hall", but afterwards "Tranquil 
Hill", and noteworthy for its choice site and elaborate gar- 

At the outbreak of the Revolutionary War Dorchester, 
altho' still a mere village, was next to Charles Town and 
George Town, the largest village in South Carolina. 

The Council of Safety, in July, 1775, directed its survey 
and fortification, and in October, 1775, part of the public 
store of powder and ordinance with the public records were 
lodged there for safety. In November, 1775, the fortifica- 
tions being completed, Capt. Francis Marion was ordered to 
garrison it with two companies. In May, 1778, Gen. Moul- 
trie formed his camp at Dorchester, and a year later, in May, 
1779, Gen. Moultrie, then hastening to Charles Town to 
meet the invasion of the British under Provost halted and 
reformed his army at Dorchester. 

In February, 1780, Sir Henry Clinton landed and ad- 
vanced to the siege of Charles Town, and as part of the 
general defence Gen. Moultrie constructed a redoubt on the 


high hind on the east side of the Ashley Elver, at Bacon's 
Bridge, so as to command the hridge and prevent a cross- 
ing there on Dorchester. The remains of this redoubt are 
still visible. 

All the American forces being withdrawn to the city, 
Tarleton, conimanding the British Cavalry, marched, practi- 
cally unopposed, up the Ashley, crossed the river at Bacon's 
Bridge, and took possession of Dorchester on the 13th 
April, 1780. 

Lieut. Allaire, of Ferguson's Loyal Americans, describes 
the town then as a small village, containing about 40 houses 
and a church. 

With the ca[;)ture of Charles Towmi and the subjection of 
the Low-Country to the British, Dorchester became a British 
post occupied by a British gat-rison. To the period of the 
British occupation is assigned the construction of the earth- 
work that is situate about a third of a mile northeast of 
Dorche>ter, at the junction of the public road leading to 
Charles Town and the road leading to Goose Creek (now 
commonly called the Ladson Boad), between Eagle and 
Dorchester creeks. This earth-work commands both roads 
at this junction. 

The writer has never been able to find any record of its 
construction, and it is only by tradition asc^ribed to the 
British. It resembles other redoubts constructed by the 
British at the time, especially one on the old Fair Lawn, or 
Colleton, barony at the head of Cooper River. 

On July 14, 1781, Dorchester was occupied by Col. Lee 
("Light Horse Harry") with his legion, capturing many 
horses and a good supply of ammunition, but was again 
occupied by the British when Gen. Greene concentrated his 
troops prior to the movements resulting in the battle of 
Eutaw Springs. 

On December 1, 1781, Col. Wade Hampton advanced 
against Dorchester. The B>ritish garrison of 400 infantry 
and 150 cavalry did not await his attack, but during the 
night destroyed everything, threw their cannon into the 


river and retreated to Charles Town, and Dorchester passed 
finally under the control of the American forces. 

During the occupancy of Dorchester hy the British a party 
from that o^arrison or from Charles Town visited the Fair 
Spring mansion house (near the public road, a little above 
Bacon's Bridge) for the purpose of capturing Mr. Ralph 
Izard, then an Aide-de-camp to Col. Lee, of the Legion, of 
whose presence at his home they had been apprized. He 
had scarcely time toconceal himself in a clothes-press before 
the house was entered by the British soldiers. Nothing 
saved -him but the composure and urbanity of Mrs. Izard 
(a Miss Stead) who maintained her self control, notwith- 
standing the threat to her of personal indignity and the 
plunder of her house. Affected by her behavior credence 
was given to the information that Mr. Izard was not there. 
The party being drawn off Mr. Izard crossed the Ashley in 
the rear of his house and gave the alarm to a body of the 
American troops. The enemy had again returned to the 
Fair Spring house for another search, and again retired, but 
not in time to evade the pursuit of a body of American 
cavalry, who had been pushed across Bacon's Bridge, and 
overtaking the returning enemy completely routed them. 

After the close of the Revolutionary War Dorchester 
rapidly decayed. Several reasons conduced to this. 

Its military and defensive position entirely departed with 
the growth of the middle and ui)per country and the ex- 
tension of the frontier. With the development and increase 
of roads and the accompanjdng river navigation, Dorchester 
ceased to be a point of any commercial importance, the 
points of reception and distribution of merchandise being 
shifted with the growth of the country. The country im- 
mediately around Dorchester was neither fertile or populous, 
and its population was composed of planters who could and 
did deal directly with Charles Town. Finally its location 
was an unhealthy one, and entirely unsuited for the pur- 
poses of a summer resort for the surrounding planters. 
There being no reasons based on health, business or defence 
for its perpetuation it rapidly ceased to exist. 


On March 5, 1788, scarcely five years after the close of 
the war, the following entry is made in Bishop Asbury's 

"March 5 1788 I passed Dorchester where there are re- 
mains of what appears to have been once a considerable 
town. There are the ruins of an elegant church and the 
vestiges of several well built houses". 

With the decadence of Dorchester, and perhaps accelerat- 
ing it, came the foundation and growth of the town of Sum- 
merville, situated at first about five miles ofi:', on the head- 
waters of the same creek that flowed by Dorchester, and on 
a part of the grant originally made to Gershom Hawks in 
1705. From Hawks it passed in some way to Daniel Axtell, 
the one who ran the saw mill, for in 1729 Daniel Axtell 
and his son, Daniel Axtell, Jr., of Bristol, in Dighton County, 
Massachusetts, conveyed it to Daniel Stewart, whose son, 
Daniel Stewart, in 1766, conveyed it with some lots in the 
second division of the Dorchester 4,050 acre tract to Michael 
Geiger. From Michael Geiger it descended to his son, 
Jacob Geiger. After Jacob Geiger's death it was, in 1811, 
under proceedings in the Court of Equity for partition con- 
veyed to Jacob Williman. 

Prior to this date (1811) its occupancy had begun. The 
planters of the neighborhood, in search of some healthy re- 
treat during summer, where security could be had from the 
malarial disorders that beset their fertile but unhealthy plan- 
tations, found that the pine land ridges of Summerville an- 
swered the purpose. There was a thick growth of the long 
leaf or yellow pine, and a succession of dry sandy ridges, 
with a sufficient full in the water courses to carry off the ex- 
cessive rain and moisture. It was found to be free from the 
pest of mosquitoes, and the nights, even in summer, fresh 
and invia'oratino:. 


From about 1790, little by little one planter after another 
made a summer settlement and built a house, and the aban- 
doned and decaying houses of Dorchester (from which ma- 
terials, and especially bricks were removed) formed the basis 


and furnished the foundations of the new town, until nothing 
but crumblino^ piles of broken fragments of brick were left 
to mark the sites of the hearths of the old one. 

Jacob Williman, in his life, parted with some of the jiine 
land, and on his death the remainder was conveyed to 
Thomas Moore, by whose direction a part was laid otf as a 
town in 1832. The part laid off being what was formerly 
called "Old Summerville", lying west of a line beginning 
about the house now occupied by Mr. L. A. Emerson, at the 
corner of First South and Palmetto streets, and running in 
a southerly direction to the house now occupied by Mr. E. 
P. Guerard, on Sumter Avenue and SixthSouth Street, and 
thence easterly across Red Hill. 

About the same time as Moore had "Old Summerville" 
laid out and platted the South Carolina Canal and Railroad 
Company had "New Summerville" laid out as a town — ad- 
jacent to and east of "Old Summerville". This lay on part 
of the grant to Robert Fenwicke in 1701, which part of the 
grant, with one of the lots in the second division of the 
Dorchester tract of 4,050 acres, became the property of 
Gershom Hawks and descended to Moses Hawks by whose 
executors they were conveyed in 1737 to Daniel Stewart by 
whose son, John Stewart, they w^ere in 1760 conveyed to 
Samuel Wainwright, under whose will they passed to his 
nephew, Richard Wainwright. Under an execution against 
Richard Wainwright they were sold in 1802 to Robert Dewar, 
and, on a division of Rol»ert Dewar's property in 1831, were 
sold to the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company. 
By that company the portion adjacent to and on each side 
of the railroad was laid out for a town, and now comprises 
the larger part of the town of Summerville. 

The town of Summerville, altho' in some respects the 
descendant of Dorchester, as being in part situate upon the 
original Dorchester grant, and in part upon land granted to 
or owned by persons affiliated with the original Dorchester 
settlers (Hawks and Stewart) and in part originally con- 
structed from materials derived from old Dorchester, yet was 


settled by entirely different people. The effect of the ex- 
odus to Georgia was such that among the earlier settlers of 
Sumraerville there is not one bearing the name of any of 
the "Church" who migrated from Dorchester, Massachu- 


The most conspicuous object remaining on the site of the 
old village of Dorchester is the ruined tower of the old 
church. This is all that is left of the Parieh Church of St. 
George's, Dorchester. It is not as is sometimes supposed 
the Congregational Church of the old immigrants from Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts, but the church constructed when the 
Church of England was the established church of the 
Province. The Statute providing for its construction was 
enacted in 1719. This Statute appropriated £333.6s 8d 
(Carolina paper currency) to assist in defraying the cost of 

Lots 52, 53, 54, 55 and 56 in the village of Dorchester, 
about an acre and a quarter, facing the public square, were 
purchased as a site for the church and church-yard. A glebe 
of 150 acres within the limits ot the Dorchester 4,050 acres 
was also purchased. 

The parish then contained 115 English families, number- 
ing about 500 souls, and 1,300 slaves. 

The commissioners appointed by Statute for building the 
church procured a subscription of £1,196, to which the Gen- 
eral Assembly added £466. The work of construction was 
begun in 1719, and in 1720 all the outer work was hnished. 
The church was of brick, 50 feet long by 30 wide, besides 
the chancel. In 1724 the glebe and parsonage being found 
inconveniently distant from the church, by authority given 
by a Statute, the old glebe and parsonage were sold and a 
new one purchased. The new glebe was lot 25 in the first 
range, fronting on Ashley River 50 acres, with 25 acres in 
the second range — 75 acres in all. The parsonage building 
was on the north side of the public road, about a quarter of a 


mile west of the church. It is now owned by Mr. John 
Grimball. Some large oaks and a few wooden buildings 
mark the site. 

In 1734 a Statute was passed reciting that the church was 
in a very decayed and ruinous condition, and also too small 
for the inhabitants of the parish, and directing the vestry 
and church wardens to repair and new pew the church and 
make an addition to it. In 1736 the repairs had advanced 
but were not yet finished. In 1739 £300 (currency) was ap- 
propriated by Parliament for a parsonage house. In 1752 
the parishioners had enlarged the parsonage, added out- 
buildings and purchased two negroes for the service of the 
rector. They had also built a handsome steeple to the 
church and had opened a subscription tor a ring of bells 
which were afterwards obtained. Two of these bells are 
stated by the author of Carolina m the Olden Time in her 
later work styled Our Forefathers to have been given to the 
church of St. Paul's, Radchffeboro, in the city of Charles- 

During the Revolutionary War, the church is said to have 
sufiered dilapidation at the hands of the British, and at the 
close was in a nearly ruinous state. It was slightly repaired 
in 1811, and divine service was held in it again, but the re- 
vivification was transient. Its congregation had departed. 
There was neither support nor congregation for it, although 
after the Revolutionary War the few remaining members 
of the congregation had been incorporated as the Episcopal 
Church of St. George's, Dorchester. The growling settle- 
ment of Summerville established a place for worship which 
as more convenient for the summer residents who were 
members of the Church of England was attended by them, 
and in winter, when he summer population was scattered 
on the plantations, the majority attended the church of St. 
Paul's, Stono, about sixteen miles distant. In 1720 the 
church is stated by Dr. Dalcho, the historian of the Diocese, 
to be in a ruinous state, without a rector, its records all lost. 


Some years later it took fire from one of the many fires 
that annually devastated the woods of the Low-Country, 
and its roof and most of the woodwork was destroyed. 

The brick walls — even to their foundations — were at once 
removed by the surrounding vandals, and nothing remained 
save the tow^er. The earthquake of 1886 nearly completed 
the destruction of this, leaving but a remnant still standing. 

The ch.urch-yard was the hereditary burying place of 
many of the families of this neighborhood; the Blakes, the 
Izards and others. In 1841 one of that family of Izards 
died, and wab brought for burial in the old family lot. On 
that occasion the late Mr. Wm. Izard Bull, of Ashley Hall, 
a nephew of the deceased, caused to be thrown up around 
the ruined church and church-yard the present earth em- 
bankment, so as to clearly and forever mark and set aside 
the resting place of his ancestors. In 1857 the vestry of the 
church in Summerville, in whom by Statute the parsonage 
had been vested, sold it away. The old church and church- 
yard now belong to the Diocese of South Carolina. 


The old fort that faces the old church stands on the top 
of the rise or bluff' of the river bank where it commanded 
the bridge across the river and the approach to it. It is lo- 
cated partly on lot 13 in the plan of the old village and 
partly on the street leading to the bridge head. It is the 
most perfect example remaining in the State of a fort of the 
period. It is constructed of the material called ''tapia", or 
more commonly "tabby". This is composed of oyster shells 
embedded in a bond or matrix of burnt shell lime, and 
forms a most durable and lasting composition. The exact 
date of its construction is unknown. The material of its 
construction gives no certain indication as "tabby" was used 
for such purposes from an early date in the history of the 
Province down to as late as 1812. There are the remains 
ot a fort constructed of that material on "Cole's Island" on 


the north side of Stono Inlet, which was constructed duru)g 
the war of 1812. 

There is a tradition that the fort was coeval with the 
settlement of Dorchester, and was relied on as a defence 
against the Indian enemies of the Province. No record 
support of this exists, although it is plausible and likely. 
On the plan of the village as originally laid out m 1697, as 
afterwards, in 1742, recorded in the office of the Secretary 
of State, no fort is set down, although the site of the parish 
church, constructed in 1719, is mentioned. There are a 
number of appropriations for fortifications in the tax Acts 
passed by the Assembly from 1740 on, but in none of such 
as are published in the Statutes at Large is any specific 
mention made of the fort at Dorchester. 

In'1775 the Council of Safety of the Province directed 
Dorchester to be fortified, and in December, 1775, they di- 
rected Fort Lyttelton, near Beaufort, to be repaired with 
*'tappy". Commissioners of fortifications for Dorchester 
were appointed by the Council of Safety, and in December, 
1775, urgency was recommended to them in the erection of 
barracks, a guard room, and a place for confinement of 
prisoners; and on January 31, 1776, the Council of Safety 
authorized the payment of £760.10.07 on account of the for- 
tification of Dorchester, and in February the military stores 
were placed in the fort and magazine at Dorchester, with a 
further payment of £271.10.00 on February, 6, 1776, for 
hire of negroes on the works at Dorchester. 

"W^hatever fort or strong- work may have existed prior to 
1775 it is safe to infer that the present fort represents the 
fortification constructed in that year by order of the Council 
of Safety. 


The old "White Meeting", or Congregational Church, the 
place of worship of the "Church" proper, who emigrated 
from Massachusetts to carry the Gospel into Carolina, was 
located about two miles from the village, near the public 


road, on lot N'o. 9, in the first range. Lot No. 10, adjoining, 
was afterwards donated to the church b}^ the Kev. Mr. 
Joseph Lord, so that at that point there was 100 acres de- 
voted to the use of the church. The lirst building is said to 
have been of wood, replaced by a brick structure erected in 
1700 on the site where the ruins now stand. The only au- 
thority for this appears to be the statement to that effect 
made in the petition to the Legislature for incorporation of 
the United Independent Congregational Church of Dor- 
chester and Beech Hill in 1793. All later statements in 
sermons and histories are apparently based upon this pe- 
tition. The removal of practically the entire congregation to 
Georgia in 1752-56 caused for many years nearly an entire 
discontinuance of services in the church building or "White 
Meeting House", as it was then commonly called, and in 
which the celebrated Whitefield, in 1744, preached to a 
crowded congregation. During the Revolutionary War the 
British are said to have burnt its interior, but the walls were 
left standing. In 1794 the church was reorganized, a 
charter was procured from the State, a constitution adopted, 
and the church edifice repaired. But what a change! 'Not 
a single descendant (unless perchance thro' female lines in 
different names) of the original members of the old congre- 
gation formed one of the new. 

The church continued to be intermittently used for many 
years; having entered into affiliation with the Presbyterian 
Church in the State a supply of ministers was procured. In 
1848 Mr. George Sheldon, the then minister, delivered in 
the church that sermon in commemoration of its 150th an- 
niversary, to which reference has been made. But the same 
cause which led to the abandonment of the parish church of 
St. George's finally caused the abandonment of the old 
original "White Meeting". In 1813 Mr. Jacob Williman 
donated four acres in Surnmerville for a summer retreat for 
the minister of the church. It is on part of this four acres 
that the present Presbyterian parsonage in Summerville still 
stands. A house or parsonage was built on the four acres. 


Then in 1815 the parsonage house in Dorchester was sold. 
Then most of the lots 9 and 10 around the church (all be- 
tween the public road and the river) were sold, and finally 
the attendance at the Presbyterian Church in Summerville 
superseded the use of the old building. 

In 1882 it was ruinous, bat still capable of repair. The 
earthquake of 1886 practically destroyed it, and now but a 
remnant of its walls remains. 

The ruins stand among a grove of trees with quite an ex- 
tensive country grave-yard around them. . The oldest stones 
are those to Dr. Samuel Stevens (son of the original John 
Stevens), who died in 1760, and his wife. There are no 
other stones prior to 1800. 


The first Act creating a free school in Dorchester was 
passed in 1724. Ten years later, in 1734, another Act was 
pa-sed. The commissioners named in the last Act were 
Alexander Skene, Thomas Waring, Joseph Blake, Arthur 
Middleton, Ealph Izard, Robert AYright, Paul Jenys, "Walter 
Izard and Benjamin Waring, Esqrs., Rev. Francis Varnod, 
William Cattell and John Williams, Esqrs. 

There is nothing to show^ the steps taken under this Act, 
but on March 19, 1756, an Act was passed for more effectually 
putting in force the provisions of the former Act of 1734. 
It recited that the commissioners under the former Act 
were all dead, and appointed the following new com- 
missioners to execute the Act, viz: The rector of the parish 
for the time being, and Henry Middleton, Walter Izard, 
Ralph Izard, Daniel Blake, John Ainslie, Esqrs., Mr. Ben- 
jamin Waring, Mr. Richard Waring and Mr. J oseph Waring. 

The minute book from this date is in existence, and shows 
that the first meeting of the commissioners, under the new^ 
Act, was held June 27, 1757. The meeting was held in the 
vestry room of the parish church in Dorchester, and the 
commissioners present were the Rev. Mr. Langhorne, 
Walter Izard, Ralph Izard, Daniel Blake, Henry Middleton, 
John Ainslie, Benjamin Waring and Joseph Waring. 


They elected Henry Middleton, president, and Daniel 
Blake, treasurer. Mr. Middleton was the Henry Middle- 
ton, of Middleton Place, on the Ashley Eiver, afterwards 
president of the First Continental Congress and a member 
of the Council of Safety in South Carolina. Mr. Blake was 
the owner of the Newington place, and the members of the 
commission were all prominent and influential citizens of 
the Province. 

A legacy of £500 (currency), left for the school by Mr. 
Thomas Diston, was paid to the commission, and the treas- 
urer reported that he had in his hands £2,600 (currency) to 
be put out at interest. The commissioners went to w^ork 
and. at their meeting on March 27, 1758, ordered that two 
brick houses, twenty-three feet wide and thirty-six feet long, 
one story high, with a Dutch roof, be built — one to serve 
for the school and the other as a dwelling for the master and 
his family. 

The houses were shortly completed, and the school con- 
tinued in active existence and operation in the village of 
Dorchester for many years. A large number of donations 
were made — among the most prominent were one in 1739, 
by Samuel Wragg of £100 (sterling) for the erection of a free 
school, one of £500 (currency) by Peter Taylor in 1764, and 
one of £380 (currency) by Daniel Blake in the same year — 
the two latter to be let out at interest, and the income ap- 
plied to supporting poor children who might thereafter be 
charitably educated at the free school. 

After the Revolution, in 1789, an Act was passed reciting 
that the school had received many donations from charitable 
persons, and possessed much and valuable property, and ap- 
pointed the following commissioners to continue it with the 
power of nominating successors when vacancies occurred, 
viz: William Postell, Mathias Hutchinson, Thomas Waring, 
of Pine Hill, Joseph Waring, Morton Waring, Daniel Stew- 
art, John Dawson, Richard Wainwright, Thomas Smith and 
George Evans. 


The school continued in active operation, but, as all its 
patrons and their children who formed its scholars gradually 
came from the growing village of Summerville,in 181,7 the 
commissioners procured an Act allowing them to remove 
the school from the village of Dorchester to any other part 
of St. G-eorge's Parish, and it was accordingly removed to 
Summerville, and a building constructed on land given by 
Mr. James R. Stewart, somewhere on the lot now owned by 
Mr. H. M. Manigault. There it continued for man}" years, 
and the remnant of the fund so originally arising from do- 
nations beginning under the Act of 1734 is still in the hands 
of the commissioners of the free school in Dorchester, re- 
siding in Summerv^ille, and is used and applied for school 


South Carolina's History. — The Salem Register made the 
following observations in 1804 on several South Carolina 
works that were then new (See Charleston Courier^ Tuesday, 
June 19, 1804): 

"Several late publications have assisted the knowledge of South 
Carolina. Drayton's view of South Carolina has real merit. We 
notice at the close of it, a chart of the entrance into Winyah bay. 
The writer observes 'that a short canal may be cut across North Island ; 
from eighteen feet of water in the bay, to twenty four feet of water 
in the sea. And by an estimate of Lieut. Col. Senf 's, accompanying 
the same, it is supposed the canal may be effected for five thousand 
pounds sterling. ' He observes, *a plan of this kind is much favoured 
by the citizens of Georgetown, as the approach to that place will 
thereby be attended with greater safety ; and its commerce be much 
increased by admitting vessels of heavier burthen, than those which 
can at present enter through the channel between North and South 
Islands. ' We notice with pleasure everything which promises increas- 
ing prosperity to our country; Governor Moultrie, a general in the 
American army, has favoured the world with memoirs of the Ameri- 
can revolution, so far as it related to the states of North and South 
Carolina and Georgia. In his preface the general observes, 'that he 
was induced to his undertaking, as he believed no one was furnished 
with such materials, and because his memory could link the documents 
together,' so as more completely to exhibit a history of the trans- 
actions. He acknowledges himself indebted to Doctor David Ramsay, 
the author of the Revolution of South Carolina, and of the History of 
the American Revolution. The works do not interfere, and from Mr. 
Drayton's extensive enquiries and Gen. Moultrie's documents, and the 
known talents of Dr. Ramsay, as well as the labors of Huet, Fraser 
and others. South Carolina may boast of having furnished the most 
valuable materials for all parts of its history. ' ' 

That is what was said one hundred years ago. At least 
a dozen reviewers in the same number of difterent quarters 
of America have declared in recent years, since the appear- 
ance of Gen. McCrady's monumental w^ork, that South 
Carolina to-day has the best written up history of any State 
in the Union. And so it has. Almost every phase of the 
State's history has been written up and covered by books or 
pamphlets — erroneously in many cases, it is true — but still 


these works are all of some service. But where are they? 
Only a few private collections and that of the Charleston 
Library Society contain a tenth of these books and pam- 
phlets. The library of South Carolina College has a small 
collection of them, those of Winthrop and Clemson colleges 
still smaller collections, while the Citadel has next to nothing, 
and the State Library is a disgrace to the State. Almost 
every important library in the ^orth and several in the 
West contain a larger collection of South Carolina books 
than either of our State institutions, and these libraries are 
adding every such book that they can find, while our State 
institutions either have not the funds with which to buy 
them or prefer unreliable encyclopaedic works by outsiders. 
Students of historical and economical questions in all parts 
of the Union are turning their attention to South Carolina as 
a fruitful field for study, but when they come here they 
find tons of valuable records of which they can make little 
use because of the chaotic condition in which they are kept, 
and very few of the books which have been published about 
our State, and such books as they do find are neither classi- 
fied, catalogued nor indexed. Perhaps there are those who 
think historical work and the proper preservation of his- 
torical records of no practical value. Just let such people 
take a glance at the foregoing extract from the Massachu- 
setts newspaper, or let them ask Senator Tillman if South 
Carolina's claim against the General Government could ever 
have been settled without the papers in the case, and if he 
found any difiiculty in getting those papers. If we are 
always ready to show what we have done, so will we be 
better able to show what we can do. 

A Distinguished Visitor in 1770. — "Last Thursday Eve- 
ning landed here, from on board the Ship Brice, Capt. Muir, 
from Bristol, Sir William Draper, Knight of the Bath, an 
Honour conferred upon him, for having planned and ex- 
ecuted the Enterprise against the MoMilla's (during the vir- 
tuous Administration of that justly celebrated Patriot, the 
Right Hon. William. Pitt^ afterwards created Earl of Chat- 


ham) accompanied by Richard Collins, Esq; a Captain in his 
Majesty's N'avy, and his Lady, intending to make the tour 
of America. The Reports of Sir WilHam's coming in a 
public Character were not true." — The iSouth- Carolina Ga- 
zette, Thursday, January 4, 1770. 

A Curious Case. — J he South- Carolina and American Gen- 
ercd Gazette of Tuesday, February 5, 1771, in giving an ac- 
count of the proceedings of the Court of General Sessions 
just concluded, said: 

"Of Twenty seven Bills given out to the Grand Jury, they found 
Twenty One. One of the Prisoners who was found not guilty by the 
Jury, without going out of Court, was a young Woman from Craven 
County, under twenty Years of Age, indicted for stealing seventeen 
Horses. Her Beauty and elegant figure, joined to the native Inno- 
cence visible in her Countenance and the strangeness of the Accusa- 
tion, interested every Body in the Cause; her Council did her great 
Justice, and her Acquittal was received with universal Satisfaction. ' ' 

Belvidbre. — The handsome estate now in possession of 
the Charleston Country Club was formerly the home of 
Thomas Shubrick. The present house was built about the 
end of the 18th., or beginning of the 19th., century, as the 
following extract from The City Gazette ^ Daily Advertiser 
for Tuesday, March 22, 1796, shows that a former dwelling 
on the same estate was burned in 1796: 

"Belvidere, the elegant seat of Thomas Shubrick, esq. three miles 
from this city, was yesterday morning destroyed by fire. We are in- 
formed that all the furniture, except what was in the lower story, was 
consumed. ' ' 

Col. Thomas Neel. — The following letter was written by 
Col. Thomas ISTeel, of the I^ew Acquisition Regiment, to 
John Edwards, a member of the then Privy Council of 
South Carolina: 

Sir be pleased to let the bearer Andrew Armor have the amount of the 
two acompts I give into the hand of the President if granted by the 
Council the one is in my name the other in the name of James Davies 
Dear sir your Complience will much oblige your Humbel 

May 29th 1776. Thos: Neel 

To Mf John Edwards Esq^" 



Return of Capt. Robert Goodwyn's Company, August 7, 
1775.— On August 7, 1775, Lt. Col. Wm. Thomson, com- 
manding the Srd. Regiment (rangers) sent to the Council of 
Safety returns of the four companies (Goodwyn's, Ker- 
shaw's, Richardson^s and Woodward's) of his regiment then 
encamped at the Mineral Springs, near the Congarees (See 
Salley's History of Orangeburg County^ 1704^-1782^ p. 414). 
Three of the four returns are in the Laurens Collection of 
the South Carolina Historical Society and were published 
on pages 119-123 of Vol. L, of this magazine, with a foot- 
note statement that the return of Goodwyn's company was 
missing. This return was recently purchased at the sale, 
by the Anderson Auction Co., of New York, of the MS. 
collection of the late J. H. Y. Arnold, of New York, by Mr. 
Yates Snowden for his private collection, and is as follows: 

A return of the officers, non-commissioned Officers & Privates of 
the Company of Captain Goodwyn, now in Camp at the Mineral 
Springs near the Congrees. 

1st: Lieuf": Charles Heatley 
2"d: . .. David Hopkins 
Serjeants. John Easom. . 

Merry M^: Guire 
Private, Henry Wiley . . Drummer 

James Randolph 1 

John Snellen 2 

Gilbert Gibson 8 

W"* : Partridge 4 

W"^: Hubboard 5 

Solomon Peters 6 

James Anderson 7 

Joseph Wells 8 

Thomas Millar 9 

Gardener Williams ... 10 

Wm: Lee 11 

Benjn : Hodge 12 

Hicks Chappell 13 

Lewis Broadaway 14 

John Tapley 15 

Charles Divver 16 

W'": Fouist 17 

Burrell Fouist 18 

Lewis Coon 19 

Gunrod Coon 20 

Gibert Gibson Cong*:. 21 

John Johns 22 

Elijah Peters 23 

John Jackson 24 

Wm. . .Laceter 25 

William Winningham 26 

Jesse Killingsworth 27 

Briant Adams 28 

Benjamin Gibson 29 

John Gibson 30 

The above is a True List of 
Officers Non Commission'd officers 
& Privates belonging to the fifth- 
Company of Rangers commanded 
by Colionel W™: Thomson. 

Given under my hand this 
7;h- Augt: 1775./. 

Robert Goodwyn 


Endorsed : Return of Capt Robt- 
Goodwyn's Comp of 
Rangers 7 Augt. 1775 
Reed, iith- 



William Daniel Hard, a member of the South Carolina 
Historical Society, died at his home (Roper Hospital) in the 
city of Charleston, Friday, January 27, 1905. He was born 
in Graniteville, S. C, May 29, 1850, and was the third son 
of Benjamin Curtis Hard and Emma Bachman Strobel, his 
wife. He was educated at the Graniteville Academy and 
the High School of Charleston. Toward the close of the 
war between the Confederate States and the United States 
he did guard duty at the outposts of Graniteville and at the 
cotton mill there, at the time of Wheeler's repulse of a part 
■of Sherman's army at Aiken. After the war he engaged in 
the mercantile business in Sumter, but later occupied a 
position at Aiken Junction, Graniteville, with the Railroad. 
He next became a clerk for Col. John S. Fairley in Charles- 
ton, and then a book-keeper for Williams, Black & Williams. 
For eighteen months of 1886 and 1887 he was Superinten- 
dent of the City Hospital (then occupying Roper Hospital) 
and his splendid services during the trying time of the 
earthquake, when a temporary hospital had to be established 
in Agricultural Hall, won for him a letter of thanks and a 
gold medal from the Board of Commissioners of the City 
Hospital. Upon the removal of the City Hospital to the 
new building on Lucas Street he resigned, and in August, 
1888, he was made book-keeper and pay-master of the 
Charleston Mining and Manufacturing Company, which 
position he occupied until March, 1894, when he was elected 
secretary and treasurer of the Bolton Mines Company, and 
this position he filled until his death. He was a Master 
Mason, holding membership in Orange Lodge, ISio. 14, of 
which he was the secretary for seventeen years. He was 


also a member of the Society of the Sons of the Revolution, 
having been admitted November, 21, 1902. He was twice 
married. By his lirst wife, Susan Emma China, whom he 
married in 1873, and who died in 1885, three children, Em- 
ma Lee, Benjamin Curtis and Henry Craig, survive. His 
second marriage was to Fannie Klugh Yoe, of G-reenwood, 
S. C, June 16, 1887, by whom he is survived and by whom 
he had six children, five of whom. Belle Yoe, Frank Yoe, 
Frances Lucille, Julian Adams and Gertrude Sybil, survive 

Egbert Barnwell Rhett, a member of the South Caro- 
lina Historical Society, died at his home in Huntsville, Ala- 
bama, Monday, February 20, 1905, aged 77 years. A bio- 
graphical sketch of Col. Rhett, from data prepared by him- 
self, is to be found in Vol. lY. of this magazine, p. 312. 

Miss Harriott Middleton, a member of the South Caro- 
lina Historical Society, died at her home, 66 South Bay, in 
the city of Charleston, Tuesday, February 28, 1905, aged 77 
years She was the fourth daughter of Hon. Henry. Au- 
gustus Middleton and Harriott (Kinloch) Middleton, his 
wife, and was born February 26, 1828. 


Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume I. 1857. $2.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume 11. 1858. $2.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume III. 1859. .$4.00 

Collections of the' South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume IV. 1887. Unbound, $2.00. Bound, $3.00 

Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society. 
Volume V. 1897. Paper, $2.00 

Oration delivered on the third anniversary of the South 
Carolina Historical Society, by James Louis Petigru. 1858. 


Memoir of Professor F. A. Porcher, late President of the 
Society. 1889. 25c. 

Journal of a Voyage to Charlestown in So. Carolina by 
Pelatiah Webster in 1765. Edited by Prof. T. P. Harri- 
son. 1898. • 50c. 

The tlistory of the Santee Canal. By Prof. F. A. Por- 
cher.. With an Appendix by A. S. Salley, Jr., 1903. 40c 

The South Carolina Historical and Gencaloii:ical Maga- 
zine. Edited by A. S. Salley, Jr. Volume L 1900. 

Unbound, $4.00 

CoNTE^NTS : Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Judge William Johnson, 
Mission of Col. John Laurens to Europe in 1781, Papers of the First 
Council of Safety of the Revolutionary Party in South Carolina, June- 
November, 1775; The Bull Family of South Carolina, A Cherokee War 
Document, Blake of South Carolina, Letters from Judge William John- 
son to Thomas Jefferson, First Rules of the St. Cecilia Society, Middleton 
of South Carolina, Circular Letter from Gov. Guerard to C. K. Chitty, 
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The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Maga- 
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Contents : Papers of the First Council of Safety of the Revolution- 
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Thaddeus Kosciuszko to Maj. Alexander Garden, Col Miles Brewton and 
Some of His Descendants, Letters of Ralph Izard, Izard of South Caro- 
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and Some of His Descendants, Notes and Queries, Publications Received, 
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of Col. John Laurens, Daniel Trezevant, Huguenot, and Some of His 
Descendants, Letters from Hon. Henry Laurens to His Son, John, 1773- 
1776; Col. Moses Thomson and Some of His Descendants, The Harles- 
tons. Papers of the Second Council of Safety of the Revolutionary Party 
in South Carolina, November, 1775-March, 1776; Officers of the South 
Carolina Regiment in the Cherokee War, 1760-61; Capt. John Colcock 
and Some of His Descendants, Notes and Queries, Publications Received, 
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of Col. William Rhett, of South Carolina; Letters of Rev. Samuel 
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Smith and Some of His Descendants, The Butlers of South Carolina, 
Historical Notes, The South Carolina Historical Society, Necrology, In- 

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1 702- 1 707; Fraser Family Memoranda, The Battle of Stono, Documents 
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Address A. S. SALLEY, Jr., Sec. and Treas., 

Charleston, S. C. 







VOL. VI— IVo. 3 

JULY' 1905.^ 

Entered at the Pogt-office at Charleston, S. -G., as Second-class-Matter. 

Pointed for the Society by 
' Charleston, S. C. 


Joseph "W. Barnwell, Hexry A. M. Smith. 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 

A. S. Salley, Jr. 


Correspondence between Ilun. Uenry Laurens and his 

Son, John. 1777-1780 103 

Records of the Regiments of the S. C. Line, Continen- 
tal Establishment : Ill 

John Alston 114 

South Carolina Gleanings in England 117 

Ilistorical Notes 12d 

X, B. — These Magazines are one dollar each to any one 
other than a member of the South Carolina Historical Soci- 
ety. Members of the Society receive them free. The mem- 
bership fee is S3 per annum (the fiscal year being from May 
19th. to May 19th.), and members can buy back numbers 
or duplicates at 75c. each. In addition to receiving the 
Magazines, members are allowed a discount of 25 per cent. 
on all other publications of the Society, and have the free 
use of the Society's library. 

Any member who has not received the last number will 
]»lease notify the Secretary and Treasurer. 

Address : South Carolina IIistorical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 

The South CaroHna 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VI. JULY, 1905. No. 3. 


[Continued from the April number.'] 


York Town 

15 March 1778 
My Dear Son — 

While James Caster is Copying a very short 
Address to Your General, I will employ myself in acknow- 
ledging the receipt of your favours of the 28"' ffehry & 
9^** Inst— at another opportunity I may reply specially to 
parts which at present must lie dormant. 

Twill certainly this day, make some provision for those 
distressed fellow Citizens of whom you speak & address 
M" Franklin through your means — there are obvious ob- 
jections against a proposal by me for more general contribu- 
tion. I have once or twice hinted such a thing, & made 
very little impression; tis my Duty Charitably to conclude 
that every Man does in private as he pleases & that every 
one does somewhat toward the relief of sufferers in our great 
Cause — nevertheless my inly sentiments in this peculiar 
case are, that our Light should shine before Men — were we 
possessed of the Spirit of Patriotism which flashed in 1775 
— there would be Contributions, at this critical moment not 
only for the comforting of sick & naked prisoners but for 
the relief of all suffering Soldiers — for the support con- 


servation & augmentation of the Army & we should enable 
Your General that great & good Man to drive out our In- 
vaders — but alas! that virtue now appears to have been a 
mere flash — every man has bought his Yoke of Oxen, has 
married a Wife & stays to prove them — often have you heard 
nie ludicrously express my fears that my Countrymen in 
general vs^ould prove only good for the Quarter— not for the 
Course — the present time too well confirms the remark — 
from the best accounts, from all Accounts, & I have oppor- 
tunities of receiving the best, you lie at the Mercy of our 
Enemies, who may disposses & drive you, & in that Act 
animate our bosom — Enemies throw the States into con- 
sternation & shake our Independency — Yet cdas ! although 
all see & acknowledge the danger is not in fancy only, yet 
time is toyed away — a Senate of 13 — Members, seldom above 
17 — against whose honesty & good meaning I make no 
exception — 

Wisdom is justified of her Children — 

I have in my own name called & called again upon the 
States to fill up their several Representations — the Gov- 
ernors & Presidents see & acknowledge the necessity — & 
there it ends — 

Men are engaged in private views — some are afraid of 
Expense & coarse fare and others of being exposed in high 
Characters & dangerous situations— & too many are labour- 
ing at all hazards to add field to field — 
the Villians of exalted Rank who have been plundering 
our Treasury & starving our Cause contribute all their force 
to keep us down & my jealousies that some of these are in 
contact with Sir William — grow strong. 

If there are patriots, Men who love Country more than 
pelf — let them step forth & cast their gifts or loans into the 
Treasury, some by money & some by services without Re^ 
ward — others may, because they have ability, give both — I 
would wish to be in the first Class & subscribe to morrow 
five or Ten thousand pounds Sterling & if these were 
found insufficient all my Estate shall be given for saving the 


Public — & perhaps tliere will be found in this proposition 
much of prudent calculation — give part to save the remain- 
der — be that as it may, or put rae into either Class I am 
chearf ully disposed to proceed provided I have any prospect 
of success, but at present I have none — proper subscriptions 
by, sure we may find on this contenent from New Hamp- 
shire to Georgia, 500 wealthy Men — would raise near three 
Millions Sterling return your Paper into the Treasury & 
animate the Middle & lower Ranks of people to adven- 
ture Life & fortune in proportion— I have sounded some 
breasts on this important subject — but all were cold, applaud 
the scheme — "if Men would do so it would certainly relieve 
us" — & there was all— can I then believe that yLen are in 
earnest — yes I see thej^ are in Earnest to plunder the Com- 
mon Stock — the very manner of our proceeding in the 
Issuing our Money — leads rapidly on to ruin — what com- 
plaints has your Ceneral been making for many Months 
past — without the least good effect— how have delinquents 
not only been skreened — but held up in triumph & can 
you prevail on me to remain longer among such people — 
No — I will rather insist upon your abandoning them — 
but indeed, there, are sometimes my hopes, where you are — 
A species of Patriotism may at length spring forth from the 
Army & so far save this Country as to drive out the 
Enemy & punish sluggish torpid friends — these Ideas have 
been long in my mind I may have expressed them in some 
late uncopied Letter if they are worth your reflexion retain 
my meaning & destroy the paper record — 

I dont understand your meaning where you mention Du 
Plessis books, neither can James assist me, that Gentleman 
left no Books here — 

Baron Holzendorff is gone to So Carolina exceedingly 
chagrined by the treatment he met with here — poor Man, I 
almost wept when I learned by a mere accident that he had 
been obliged to sell his Silver hilted Sword & Epaulets, 
&c. to pay for his Lodging — I instantly put him a step 
above such necessity — & have given him Letters to Charles 


Town which will secure him tolerable quarters there & a 
passage to his own Country — 
My Dear Son — I pray God 

protect you 

Henry Laurens 
L' Col" John Laurens 

Endorsed : H. L. to J. L— ^ 

York Town 15^^^ March 1778. 


Head Quarters V June 1778. 
My Dear Father 

• My Heart overflows with gratitude for your 
kind letter of 29*^ ult° — You grant me a privilege which I 
wished to have but dared not sollicit — I shall serve my 
country with greater satisfaction, and regarding you as the 
source of all ray happiness, and the author of every laudable 
action of which I am capable, answer your friendship with 
increasing love — I have drawn no pay, and would wish 
never to draw any—making to my country a pure offering 
of disinterested services — 

The strong Linnen will be very acceptable to Berry, and 
I rejoice the more at the present you make him, as he con- 
ducts himself with great propriety in his station — I could 
not get a Taylor conveniently, but as small a quantity will 
serve him as almost any man — 

I have been so much engaged, in business preparatory to 
our move that I have not been able to get my dispatches for 
France, ready to go by this messenger — but I hope to be in 
time if I send them by the next. 

The method of sending Baron de Steuben's Commission 
was according to rule — I have spoken to the General on 
Cap^ Nichols's business — he consents to his going into Phil- 
adelphia on his parole for the purpose of negotiating his 
exchange — and I shall immediately give notice to the Com- 
missary of Prisoners to take the proper measures. 

General Weedon is not yet arrived — 


Doctor Cochran understanding that some new arrange- 
ments are to take place in the hospital department— desires 
me to refer you to a letter which the General wrote in his 
favor some time ago, and to add whatever I know in his 
favor — he joined the army at a time when our affairs wore 
a very unfavorable aspect; — he is remarkably tender of his 
patients — if I have any doubts of him it is that like all the 
rest of his department, he may lose time by a convivial dis- 
position — 

The army has been under marching orders for three days 
past — despairing of being able to effect anything important, 
by pursuing the enemy through Jersey our arrangements 
seem to be made for marching as expeditiously and conve- 
viently as possible to the N" Kiver — Gen^ Maxwell with his 
continentals aided by the militia of the Country are to throw 
every obstacle in the way of the enemy's march, by break- 
ing up bridges, encumbering the Roads with fallen trees, 
&c — and to give them as much annoyance as possible on 
their flanks and rear — the last intelligence from below, is 
that upwards of one hundred vescels have fallen down below 
Chester — and were proceeding towards the capes — a Deserter 
who came out yesterday says that notwithstanding the 
greatest diligence is used in embarking baggage, &c — that 
it will be impossible for the evacuation to be eff'ected in less 
than five or six days — not much dependence can be placed 
on his account — the fact is that they are indefatigable in pre- 
paring for this great move — my opinion is that as soon as 
they have crossed, a select body of two or three thousand 
men should march directly to intersect their line of march 
and give them every possible annoyance till the whole army 
sh'^ be brought up — the directions already given to throw 
impediments in the enemy's way will necessarily cause great 
delay in their march, besides that which will arise from the 
galling of their rear and flanks by Maxwell and the Militia — 
wo"^ give time for this chosen body to arrive and give more 
effectual annoyance, while our whole army would advance 
to support the whole — the Country is favorable to this kind 


of combat — the loss of the enemy in killed, wounded, and 
deserters in repeated skirmishes would be c(jiisiderable — 
and some opening may be given for such a stroke as w* ruin 
M' Clintons army — the want of teams, the number of sick — 
&c — & — are exceedingly against us and point out a more 
prudent conduct — all that I have written on this subject you 
will be so kind as to consider in the light of a private opin- 
ion delivered by a man of more zeal than judgement and 
expressed in the greatest haste — if my time w*^ permit I 
should be glad to unfold my ideas more, & to enter minute- 
ly into the matter — 

I hope to make an arrangement for paying you a short 
visit when the army moves — 

God preserve you my dearest friend and father. 

John Laurens. 

I must not omit mentioning to you 
that Gen\ Grant is said to bo universally 
blamed in the british army, for the 
failure of the expedition against the 
Marquis — his extreme caution favoured 
our retreat. 

Endorsed: John Laurens 1** June. 

Rec'd. 2\ 


Head Quarters 29*'^ Sepf. 1778 
My Dear Father 

I have received your kind favor alluding to the 
verbal demonstration by which my friend Beresford was 
bamboozled — and was indulged with the perusal of your 
Letter to the General in which you treat the matter in its 
proper light. 

The Enemy's superiority by Water give them cruel 
advantages over us — 

Baylor's Regiment of Horse has been surprised by a 
strong Party of the Enemy that surrounded them by coming 


up the ^orth River — a number of Militia shared the same 
fate few escaped — the greatest part being taken Prisoners 
or killed— several were l)utcher'd in cold Blood — the Enemy 
are now in force on the Jerse}^ side, and make a shew of ad- 
vancing — General Lord Stirling is gone to take the Command 
of the two Brigades of Continental Troops and such Militia 
as shall collect to them — G-eneral Winds has already em- 
bodied six hundred. 

The circumstances of the Enemy's collecting forage is 
equivocal, it may be either for Winter Quarters or Sea 
Shore. — 

The intelligence given by General Sullivan of the Enemy's 

being employed in building Barracks is against a move from 

thence — but I am inclined to think his Intelligence ill 

fou!ided. — The Enemy may still meditate an Enterprize 

against Boston, which has been delayed till now by the sickly 

condition of Byron's Crews, and the injury which he suf- 

fcr'd from the storm— but I do not think it probable. 

This Letter would be inexcuseable if I had not been 

writing the whole day, and snatched now a Moment when 

the Postman calls — to scribble full speed, rather than be 

totally silent. 

I am my Dear fathers' 

Most Affectionate 

John Laurens 
His Excellency Henry Laurens 

President of Congress 

Endorsed: Copy of a letter from Col". John 
Laurens dated 2T Sept' 1778 

Addressed: (Private) 

His Excellency 

Henry Laurens Esq^ 

Head Quarters 23'' Octob 1778 
Accept my thanks my dearest friend and father for your 
kind letters of the 9**^ and 12**^ and the money which ac- 


companied them — I have taken the farther liberty to draw 
upon you for twelve hundred and twelve dollars — which 
from the various expence and ill-luck in which I have been 
involved, I w^as necessitated to do in order to avoid touch- 
ing my pay— 

I promice myself the pleasure of setting out for Phil- 
adelphia in three days— at farthest — The particulars of the 
enemys movements, and the Generals disposition in conse- 
quence will be transmitted to you in his official letter — how- 
ever improbable it is that the enemy may meditate any stroke 
against the French Squadron — and Boston at this late sea- 
son — after having given us so much time to prepare our- 
selves — and when their attention is so powerfully called 
another way — the General prudently determines to leave 
nothing to chance — all that I dread is the disadvantage 
of getting our troops late into Winter Quarters — 

I still continue to be of opinion that the british will 
be obliged to abandon a part of their possessions for the 
security of the rest — Gibraltar and the W. India Islands 
too-ether with Halifax and Quebec require considerable re- 
inforcements — 1 cannot persuade myself that they will leave 
]N"ew York & Rhode Island feebly garrisoned or to the pro- 
tection of foreign Troops and new levies — 

The stroke on the Island of Dominica by the Marquis de 
bonille was not wanted to awaken their fears for the West 
Indies — and they have their dispositions to make not only 
in consequence of the measures taken to france — but with 
a view to what may be meditated by the other branch of 
bourbon — 

Conversing with you by letter will now yield to the greater 
happiness of personal embraces and the unrestrained over- 
flowings of my gratitude and love— 

'till we meet I commend my dear father to God's pro- 
tection and remain 

Your most affectionate and 

John Laurens — '■ 

indorsed: John Laurens 
23 Oct 1778 
Rec^ 27^\ 

[ To he continued in the next number of this magazine.l^ 


\_Continued from the April number.'] 


Addressed: Isaac Harleston Escf. 

Major of the 2^ Cont^ Reg^ of S" Carolina 
living at HaddreH's point 

Tuesday Charles town June 14 1780 
D^ Sir 

M^ Corbett having no Time to write, requested I 
would inform you that there was a sufficient quantity of 
provisions left on y^ places to last your negroes 'till next 
Crop-your Furniture not abused M\ Corbett having taken 
proper care of it — but your liquors were all taken entirely 
owing to a one Eyed Taylor negro fellow^ of yours, who 
went off to the English with his wife, Children & enticed 
five more — The small pox rages all around your plantation 
M^ Corbett has Inoculated his family, he wishes speedily 
to know your determination with respect to your own 
Negroes, which he will put in execution immediately — 
Command mc if their is any thing you think I can serve you 

Y^ Most Oh\ Serv*. 

Thomas Hall 
I shall go up to Col. Hugers & Capt Shubricks in a few 
days — if I can procure a horse 




Return of the Officers & Servants of the V\ Reg*, of South 
Carolina Prisn'-% of war at Haddrell's, Oct. 10^ 1780 

Sick C. C. Pinckney-ColoneL.Toby a Slave 

d°. Geo. Turner- Capf Isaac Fletcher 

Simeon Theus d° Tlio'. Askew 

Joseph Elliott- d° Bacchus, Slave 

d". William Hext, d" Andrew Smith • 

Sick in Town Charles Lining d° Adam Miller 

d°. Thomas Gadsden d" Jemmy, Slave 

Alex'. Fraser Lieut' 

John Hamilton d". & adjut* — Jos^: Roberts 

Sick in Country John peter Ward L' Hector, Slave 

Sick William Hazzard L' Cain, a Slave 

Sick William Ward d° .....Billy a Slave 

Sick in Town Charles Brown d° Charles d". 

d°. George Petrie d° Tom a Slave 

Sick James Kennedy d° Jasper Brownguard 

W'". Russell & James Kenny not in th Line are returned 
in this Regm\ 

G Turner 
Capt". V\ IV. S. C. 

Return of the names of the Officers & Servants of the S°- 
Caro line — Prisoners of War in Christ Church Parish Oct°- 
10^ 1780 

54 Total Officers. 43 Servants 


[return of the 3d. regiment.] 

Return of the officers & Servants of 3'- S° Ca^ Reg* 10'\ Oct 

Servts Names 

Lt. Col"- Henderson Sick IN'eller, slave 

Cap\ F Warley Jo^ D° 

Cap*. Smith peter Mgrew soldier 

Cap*. Jo'- Warley (sick in Town)...Jas Sword D° 

Cap*. Goodwyn IN'egro Slave 

Cap*- Buchanan (sick in Town) Jn" Campbell soldier . 

Cap* Baker Frances-Slave- 

Cap* Farrer Jacob Bruncin Sold'- 

Cap* Liddell 

Cap* pollard..... W^- Myrack D° 

L' Goodwyn 

L* Smith Jn°- peterkin 

L* MGwire 

Doct' Martin Jn"- Cauldwell, soldier 

Cap* Milling 1 -^^ P-irtridP-e D° 

late ofthe6*\ Reg. / ^ - -h^art ridge V 

Merry MGwire Adj* 3'- Rg^ 
[ To be continued in the next number of this magazine.'] 

JOHN alsto:n. 

By a. S. Salley, Jr. 

John Alston, the founder of a family distinguished in 
the annals of South Carolina, was the son o± William Alston, 
gentleman, of Hammersmith (a part of London), Middlesex, 
and came to South Carolina in 1682 as an apprentice to 
James Jones, a merchant of Charles Town, as will be seen 
by the following indenture, which is recorded on page 123 
of a book of miscellaneous records of the governor of South 
Carolina, covering the years 1672-1692 : 

This Indenture Witnesseth that John Alston the sonne of William 
Alston of Hamersmith in the County of Midlelxex gent doth put him- 
selfe apprentice to James Jones of the County of Carolina merchant 
to Learne and follow his Art with him after the manner of an ap- 
prentice & to serve him his s'^ master the full end & terme of Seaven 
yeares from the day of the date hereof dureing w^^ s^ Terme he the 
Afores^. James Jones doth hereby covenant to fmde unto his said Ap- 
prentice meate, drinke, apparell Lodgeing and all other necessaryes 
which shall be needfull and convenient for him provided neverthelesse 
and it is hereby further Agreed by and between the said James Jones 
and the Afores^ William Alston ffather of the said John that if the 
s^. William Alston shall at any tyme or tymes hereafter cause to 
require or call home to him his s^. sone within the afores**. Terme of 
seaven yeares and before that time be compleated he the s<^. James 
Jones doth hereby covenant and Oblige himselfe to returne him Care- 
fully (if alive; The said William defraying the money due for his pass- 
sage into England and returne In Wittness whereof the pties above 
named to these p^'sent Indentures have put their hands and seales In- 
terchangeably this sixteenth day of May Anno Dni 1682. 

John Alstone^ (x)^ 

John Nicklis 

Joseph Pope 

^This instrument was, of course, recorded by a clerk in Charles 
Town, and, as usual, little attention was paid to the proper spelling 
of the name. Subsequent original documents, which are herein given 
and to which John Alston signed his name, show that he himself 
spelled the name A-1-s-t-o-n. 

^This mark indicates that the original indenture bore a seal of some 


Mne years later John Alston, now evidently a merchant 
on his own responsibility, and about to depart the Province 
temporarily, executed the following power of attorney to his 
old preceptor: 

Be it knowne unto all men by these presents me John Alston of Ber- 
kley County in Carolina that Whereas I am Now Departeing out of 
this province, and therefore I doe hereby Impower James Jones of 
y® Afforesd County & province to be my Lawfull Attorney & factor 
for me & in my Name & upon my behalfe & Account to receive all 
Sum or sums of Mony Marchandize or whatever kind of goods shall 
be sent from Urope or Else where be the^ to me for my Use & I doe 
place ye sd James Jones in my stead to have all the right & power to 
receive keep sell or Dispose upon whatever goods shall be sent to 
me in My Absence as if I were here in Carolina my selfe in Witness 
Whereof I have signed These presents at Carolina ye 23^ day of 
Febry- 1690/1 ^ Jno- Alston (x) 

Signed Sealed & delivered 
in ye Presence of 

Jno Stewart March ye 17*^ 1690/1 

Jos: Palmer proved this day before me 

ffra: Williams and alsoe recorded' by me 

G Muschamp 

Sometime between February 8, 1693, when John Harris 
made his will, and August 13, 1695, John Alston married 
Mrs. Elizabeth Harris, widow of John Harris and sister of 
Francis Turgis, Esq.4 He was one of the sureties on the 
bond his wife executed to Governor Blake, on the last date 
given above, as executrix of Harris's estate.^ 

^On p. 94 of the 1672-1692 book of miscellaneous records of the 
governor of South Carolina, 

*John Harris, in his will, dated February 8, 1692/3, appointed his 
*'Loveing Brother Mi-: ffrancis Turges" one of his executors. (Re- 
cords of the Governor and Ordinary of the Province of South Caro- 
lina, Probate .Court, Charleston County, book 1, p. 111.) Francis 
Turgis married Elizabeth Axtell, daughter of Landgrave Daniel Ax- 
tell, and, after Turgis 's death, she married Governor Blake. 

sAugust 13, 1695, John Alston, gentleman, Mrs. Ehzabeth Harris, 
alias Alston, John Guffell and Thomas Hubbard, all of Berkeley 
County, executed their bond to Governor Blake for Mrs. Alston's 
faithful performance of her trust as executrix of the estate of John 
Harris, gentleman, late of the Province, deceased, her former hus- 


John Alston died in 1718 or 1719, leaving issue :^ 

I. John Alston, who married Deborah — 

and, upon her death, Mrs. Sarah Belin ; 
died in 1750. (Issue.) 
IL William Alston, m. Esther LaBruce. (Issue.) 

III. Elizabeth Alston, m. Joseph LaBruce, April 

6, 1821.^ (Issue.) 

IV. Mary Alston, m. Joseph Warnock. (Issue.) 
Y. Peter Alston, m. Sarah Torquet;' buried 

April 16, 1748. (Issue.) 
YI. Thomasin Alston, m. Abraham "Warnock. 

[As the descendants of the above John, William and 
Peter Alston have been traced in The Alstons and Allstons 
of North and South Carolina (Groves) they will not be traced 
here now, notwithstanding the crudities and errors of that 

band. Witness: John Hamilton. (Records of the Governor and Or- 
dinary of the Province of South Carohna, P. C, C. Co., book 1, p. 212.) 

In a work entitled The Alstons and Allstons of North and South 
Carolina Dr. Joseph A. Groves, of Selma, Ala., suggests that John 
Alston came over with Governor Archdale. That was purely a guess 
and the revelation made by the records above quoted shows the usual 
consequence of guessing in historical work— the wrong guess being 
usually made. 

''John Alston, of St. John's, Berkeley, planter, in his will, made 
January 2, 1718, and proved November 30, 1719, mentions his children, 
John, William, Elizabeth, Mary, Peter and Thomasin Alston. (Simms's 
Magazine, Vol. II., p. 51.) 

"^Register of St. Thomas and St. Dennis's Parish. The name is there 
given Joseph Marbeuf. The correct name seems to have been La 
Bruce de Marbeuf, the first part being the family name and the lat- 
ter part the place name. The place name was soon dropped. 

sRegister of St. Andrew's Parish. 


Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell Street, 

W. C. London (including "Gleanings" by Mr. H. F. Waters, 

not before printed). 

[continued from the JANUARY NUMBER.] 

Andrew Eeid of Charles Town, South Carolina. Gent. 
Will 8 May 1782: proved 28 June 1784. All my estate 
real and personal in G-reat Britain and elsewhere to my son 
James Reid subject to demands upon it by my nephew 
Thomas Burlington and my niece Elizabeth Burlington. 
And whereas the present state of the country needs consid- 
erable lattitude should be given to Executors they are to 
manage and direct as they see fit till he is 21. My friends 
John Wagner, gent, and Robert Johnston of Charles Town 
esq. A^ttorney at law, executors and Guardians. Witnesses: 
Thos. Hamett, W. H. Bampfield, Cecil Stevens. 

Rockingham, 346. 

Thomas Owen of Granvill County, South Carolina. 
Planter. Will 29 May 1735: Proved 14 July 1738. To 
my wife Frances my plantation called Owen's Lodge, with 
all l^egroes. slaves. Cattle, etc, and all my Real Estate in 
Granvill County on Cussa Hatchey Creek, South Carolina, 
for life. Then to my daughter Elizabeth for life, to be held 
in trust by Joseph Bragg and William Yeomans both of 
Charles Town, merchants, and by Brother Jeremiah Owen, 
and after my daughter's death to the heirs of her body, 
failing that to my Brother Jeremiah Owen and his heirs. 
To each of my Brothers and sisters alive at my death £1.1. 
Rest to my wife. Executors: Jeremiah Owen, Joseph Bragg 
William Yeomans. Witnesses: Richard Woodward, Joseph 
Edward Flower, Jemint Cobley, Ambrose Reeve. 

Brodripp, 182. 


Charles Ogil vie of London, Merchant. Will 1 ^N'ovember 
1775: proved 18 October 1788. My estate in South Caro- 
lina lying neare my childrens' plantation to be sold if not 
prejudicial to them. If it is and there remains a surplus 
after my debts are paid amounting to £1000., I give as fol- 
lows: To my I^ephew George Ogilvie now in South Caro- 
lina 100 guineas. All the rest and residue to my sons 
Charles and John Alexander Ogilvie said estate being theirs 
through their mother Mary. If I have sufficient estate at 
my death I give as follows: To William and Robert Grom- 
mcll of London £70. To Mr. Thomas Barke £1,100. To 
John (Whitcher Rogers — erased) £700. being the amount 
of 6/-in the pound which I owe them and which makes up 
20/-in the £. To my nieces Margaret Ogilvie my brother's 
daughter and Margaret Irvine, Isabella Irvine, Rebecca 
Irvine, daughter of sister Mary £100 each. In case I shall 
pay anything to said William and Richard Gommell, 
Thomas Barke and John Whitelock, same to be deducted 
from said legacies. Executors: my Brother Alexander 
Ogilvie and George Ogilvie, Alexander Gorden of South 
Carolina and John Michie of London. On 10 October 1788 
Robert Irvine swore to the handwriting. 

Calvert, 501. 

Richard Tookerman of South Carolina, America. Gent. 
Will 16 December 1723: proved 22 April 1726. Being 
bound on a voyage to the West Indies. Debts to I^athamel 
Barnardiston of London, Merchant, to be paid. All my 
property real and personal to my wife Katherine Tooker- 
man subject to the payment of debts. Executors: Nathan- 
iel Barnardiston, and Thomas Matthew of London, Gent. 
Witnesses: Benjamin Heath, John Lawsone, John Heaton. 

Plymouth, 84. 

Lewis Jones of St. Helena, County Graiwille, Clerk. 
Will 10 February 1743: proved 4 October 1848. My Land 
at Port Royal Island, my lot at Beaufort to be sold to pay 
legacies. To my Brother John Jones £400. To each of 


mj father's children by his last marriage £150 between 
them. To my friend Jolin Jones' Sister's son to Captain 
Rowland Evans deceased, the warrant for 1000 acres of 
Land lodged in the hands of Coll. Pawley of this Province. 
To Gabriel Manegault and Charles Purry £50 each. To 
each of Godchildren hereafter named, Margaret Ellis, Allen 
M'^Lean, John .Scot (Son of Captain Edward Scott), Lucia 
Palmer, John Palmer Deveaux, Susannah Frankling, Lewis 
Reeve, Catherine Barnwell, Hugh Brian Junior, if they 
continue in Church of England. A large 4'° Bible, Bishop 
Patricks duty to man. A common Prayer book with Com- 
panion to the Altar. To my deceased wife's godchildren, 
Catherine Wigg and Elizabeth Dyson one of the above 
books each. For a school at Beaufort £100. To my 
nephew Lewis Jones £100. To Nephew Hugh Jones £100. 
To the Parish Llamoring where I was born £30 for the 
poor. To my kinsman Hugh Owen Junior £10. To John 
Palmer Deveaux £60. Rest to my brother John Jones. 
Executors: Brother John "Jones, Gabriel Manegault, and 
Charles Purry. Witnesses: W" Harvey, E*^ Wigg, Jas. 

Strahan, 300. 

John Powell of Landbeder, County Brecon, Gentleman. 
Will 20 September 1766; proved 13 February 1775. Being 
bound on a voyage to South Carolina, all my estate in 
Langenny and Landbeder, County Brecon, and in Lanoc- 
chering. County Monmouth to my wife Ann Powell, and 
after her decease to my daughters as Tenants in common; 
but if the child my wife is now or should be pregnant or 
enciente with should be a boy, then he is to have it, he pay- 
ing to each of his sisters £200, also my estates in parish of 
Lanigan Falgarth and Irweuen in County Brecon as above, 
he to pay £1000 apiece to his sisters and the survivors of 
them. If all my children should die, to go to my Brother 
and Sisters after my wife's decease. To my friend Daniel 
Winter of the Town of Brecon, Apothecary, my share of 


the tithes of Parish of Hewell for the rest of the lease. All 
the rest of my estate I bequeath to the child my wife is now 
encientwith,if a boy, or to my daughters. Executor: Daniel 
Winter. Guardians: Daniel Winter, James Parry of Lond- 
wailog, County Brecon, Anne Lucas of the same place, 
Blanch Floyer of Abers^avenny, County Monmouth, and my 
said wife. Witnesses: William Davis, Samuel Taylor, Sam'l 

Alexander, 64. . 

8amuel Hill, late of South Carolina, North America, but 
now of London. Will 24 'February 1786/7; proved 17 August 
1787. Having lost all my real and personal property in 
America from my attachment to the British Government, 
the commission for considering the claims of American 
Loyalists having allowed me an annuity and received the 
sum of £1261, to my sister Mary the wife of William Cordall 
of Guilford County Down, Ireland, one-half of such sum as 
may be paid by said Commissioners for her life, then to be 
divided amongst her children, the other half to Susannah 
Murray and my niece Mary Conway, now supposed to be in 
America. Executors: Kichard King of Westminster, James 
Alexander of Wood Green, and James Dawson of London. 
Witnesses: W. Williamson, Jno. Hamerton junior, Wil- 
liam Hunt. 

Major, 371. 

William Warden of Charles Town, South Carolina, now 
of St. Mary Matfellon, County Middlesex, mariner. Will 
15 April 1746; proved 18 November 1746. To my wife 
Margaret Warden my interest in certain lands in Charles 
Town, South Carolina. To my friend Mr. William Legoe, 
Weaver, of St. Mary Whitechappell, £12. All the rest to 
my wife and two daughters. Executor: Mr. William Legoe. 
Witnesses: Thos. Smith, James Eraser, Jno. Marmke Bag- 
Jing, all of Goodman's Fields, London. 

Edmunds, 341. 


John Crosbie of St. Sepulchres County Middlesex, Esqre. 
Will 4 December 1716; proved 10 April 1724. To be buried 
as my sister in law Mrs. Judith Annyson, wife of James 
Annyson, shall think fit. To my son in law John Right of 
South Carolina in America £400. To my granddaughter 
Mary Right, his daughter, who is now with me and has been 
for some years past, my manor of Lympsham Parva, County 
Somerset, my house I now live in, situate in Charterhouse 
Yard, my house in Lime Street Square, London, in tenure 
of Mr. Henry Gualtier, and also £1200 when she marry or 
is 21. My said sister in law to be her guardian. To the 
Greenwich Hospital for poor Seamen £50. To the Charity 
School for boys in St. Sepulchres £40. To St. Bartholomew's 
Hospital £50. To the Hospitals of Bridwell and Bethlehem 
50 each. To my sister in law Mrs. Judith Annyson £200. 
All the residue to my said grand daughter Mary Right. If 
she die before 21 or marriage, all to go to my aforesaid Son 
in law and Sister in law. Executors: my friends Mr. Wil- 
liam Potter, citizen and Goldsmith of London, and William 
Dalby of London, Gent, to whom I give £50 each. Wit- 
nesses: Simon Berkley-, Humphrey Berkley, Richard 
Handes. Codicil 17 September 1716. To my friend George 
Dodington a picture called the "Quakers Meeting". Codicil 
14 Ma^rch 1718/9. The £1200 to my granddaughter Mary 
to be reduced to £1000, £400 to John Right to be reduced 
£100. To sister in law Judith an additional £300 making 
£500. If she die, the £500 to go to my said granddaughter 
Mary. Witnesses: Thos. Hudson, Ralph Xelstead, Will"" 

Bolton, 78. 

John Crokatt of Charles Town in South Carolina, Merchant, 
at present in Lisbon, Portugal. Will 21 November 1738; 
proved 28 June 1740. My body to be buried at direction 
of Mr. Edward and John Mayne. To my Brother in law 
Mr. John Jolly of Edingburgh, Merchant, £50. To my 
Brother James Crokatt of Charles Town £50. To my 


Brother in law William Woodrop £100. To Margaret 
Strachan who has lived with James Orokatt £200. AH the 
rest to my father Charles Crokatt of Edingburgh. As t?ie 
major part of my effects lay in Carolina,! appoint Alexander 
Robertson to be executor with my father. Witnesses: Ed- 
ward Mayne, Alexander Munro, Edward Barn. 

Browne, 166. 

Christopher Arthur of Syprass Barony in South Carolina 
heir and devisee of my uncle Dominick Arthur late of 
Sypruss Barony, deceased. Will 24 October 1724;, proved 
21 December 1724. To my friend Mr. Thomas Akins 100 
acres in said Barony now in his tenure, my servant boy 
Quintus, A Negro Boy Cufty. To my mother Mrs. Chris- 
tian Arthur for life an annuity of £20 to be paid her in the 
City of Limerick. To my god-daughter Miss Ann Harlston 
£200 of Carolina money when 18 or marriage-day, and a 
negro girl called Mary. To Mr. Samuel Wragg and Mrs. 
Mary Young £5 each. My estate in South Carolina and 
elsewhere not herein bequeathed to be divided between my 
Kinsman Patrick Roche of the said City of Limerick, 
Merchant, son of my uncle Francis Roche, deceased, and 
Anstice Roche als Arthur his wife, his heirs, and the other 
half to my kinsman Bartholomew Arthur, son of uncle 
Patrick Arthur of Limerick aforesaid deceased and Kath- 
erine Arthur his wife. If either die their share to go to the 
other. If Bartholomew Arther die before he is 21, the said 
Patrick Roche to pay an additional £100 a year to my 

Executors: Captain John Harlston, John Ashby, Thomas 
Akins gent, and Patrick Roche, 

Said Captain John Harlston guardian to Bartholomew 

Witnesses: William Burr, Phillip Cooke, Thomas Ivy. 

Bolton, 260. 


Frances L'Escott of Charles Town, South Carolina, 
widow. Will 24 August 1752; proved 26 September 1753. 
To Mrs. Mary Mazyck wife of Isaac Mazyck of Charles 
Town, Merchant £100 current money. To Ann the wife 
of Mr. Henry Gray £200 Current money and my silver 
coffee pot. To Grandson Francis Villepontoux ray negro 
boy named Antony. To my grandson Benjamin Villepon- 
toux £100. To my granddaughter Frances Villepontoux 
my Negro woman named Molly with all her children. To 
Susannah Fountain e £5. To my grandson Paul Villepon- 
toux one shilling sterling if demanded in full of all Right, 
Interest, and claim he may have or ought to have to any 
part of my estate. The rest to my grandchildren Frauncis 
Villepontoux, Benjamin Villepontoux and Frances Ville- 

Executors: Mr. Isaac Mazyck and M r. Zachariah Ville- 
pontoux, jointly or severally. 

Witnesses: Thomas Corker, John Lewis, John Reming- 
ton. Letters of administration granted to George Chardin 
Esq, lawful attorney of Zachariah Villepontoux for the 
benefit of both executors now residing respectively in South 

Searle, 255. 

William Fisk, Mariner at present belonging to his Maj- 
esty's sloop Hornet, Captain James John Purcell, com- 
mander. Will 7 July 1752; proved 31 October 1753. All 
wages, sums of money. Lands, Tenements, Goods and 
Chattels whatsoever due, owing or belonging unto me at 
the time of my decease, I give to my beloved friend Elinor 
Scott of Charles Town, South Carolina, said Eleanor Scott 

Witnesses: Henry Cobham, Samuel Englishbirth. 

Letters of Administration granted to Catharine Buncker, 
widow, lawful attorney of Eleanor Scot, Spinster, sole 
executrix named in the will of said Deceased WiUiam Fiske. 

Searle, 269. 


Thomas Skottowe of Charles Town, South Carolina. 
Will 13 November 1782; proved 29 December 1788. To 
my son Tliomas Britishe Skottowe £100, my silver coffee 
pot and waiter given me by my aunt Mrs. Elizabeth Britishe 
and £100 being a legacy left him by my said Aunt, my gold 
watch and seal, my pictures and miniatures, also 500 acres 
of land purchased of my father-in-law Edmond Bellinger 
Esqr. in Prince William Parish, bounding on the North, 
Thomas Hay ward's land, on south Andrew Devaux, also 
360 acres part of a tract of seven hundred and forty acres 
granted me the 14 June 1771. The other half of said tract 
of land I hold to Mr. William Telfair lying in Craven 
County bounding by John Bull and partly by Colonel 
Laurens, partly by Captain David Murray and John Smith's 
land, also part of 500 acres granted lOlh May, 1772 in 
Berkley County bounded by John Napley and Saludy 
River, also 500 acres in same county granted 20 July 1772 
on waters of Saludy River bounded by Cornelius Corgill's 
land. To my son Nicliolas £100, silver tankard and £100 
left him by my said aunt, also 500 acres in Craven County 
on the Branches Duncan Creek granted 15 May 1772, 
bounded Lewis Devoul and Mary Claze also 500 acres in 
said County granted 21 July 1775, bounded by Enoree 
River, John Fuiley, by old Lewis, and Indian ground, also 
500 acres south of said River bounded by James Burton's 
and John Boyd's land. To my son John Bellinger Skot- 
towe £100, silver pint mug, 500 acres granted 21 July 1775 
in Craven County on a small branch of Waters of Enoree 
River, bounded by Williamson, Lightsaps, James Burton, 
500 in said County on north side of said river granted same 
date bounded by William Cest's land, by old Lines, 500 
acres same grant same County on Abner's Creek, bounded 
by Daniel Huge Esq. To my son Edward Massingberd 
Bellinger Skottowe £100, silver mug, 1000 acres granted 20 
July 1772 in the province Line bounded on said Line, East 
on land laid out to William Moultree, Esq. 200 acres granted 
6 January 1775 Craven County, north side of the middle 


fork of Tyger River and bounded by William Meearters, 
Samuel Breses and James Msbet's lands. To my son 
George Augustus Frederick Skottowe £100, silver Salt 
cellars, 1000 acres granted 14 August 1772 on the Branches 
of Buck Creek and Island Creek waters of Pacolet bound- 
ing on land of Mr. Koger, Peter Handande. To my son 
Coulson Skottowe £100, silver soup and Table spoones, 100 
acres granted 2 October 1772 in Berkely County, bounded 
by William Young's, Isaac Holmes and Pon Pon River. 
To my daughter Ann Langford Skottowe £100 and her 
mother's chased gold watch and seals, Jewels, pictures and 
all her clothes and Linen and all the rest of my estate not 
bequeathed amongst my children. If all die leaving no 
issue, All my estate real and personal to my brothers 
Coulson Skottowe, John Skottowe and Nicholas Skottowe 
in trust for the use of my nephews and nieces, children (►f 
my sisters and brothers John Skottowe, Augustine Skot- 
towe, and my sisters Mrs. Ann Wood and Mrs. Susannah 
Carlile. Executors: my brothers Coulson Skottowe, John 
Skottowe, Nicholas Skottowe and Edward Bellinger Senior 
Esq and Edmund Bellinger junior Esq. Witnesses: John 
Davies, Zeph. Kingsley, William Greenwood, junior. 

Calvert, 624. 


Hext. — On pages 37-38 of the account of the Hext family 
published in the January issue of this magazine the wrong 
children were assigned to Thomas Hext (5) and Judith 
Esther Torquet, his wife. The following record of Thomas 
and Judith Esther (Torquet) Hext and their children has 
been furnished by Mr. Elias L. Eivers, of James's Island, 
from an old Bible record in his possession: 

Thomas Hext and Judith Esther Torquet was married by 
th*e Eev'e'd Mr. Wm. Guy September 26th 1723. 

Jane Hext daughter of Thomas and Esther Hext was born 
November 26th 1725 and baptized April 10th 1726 and died 
September 8th, 1727— 

George Hext son of Thomas and Esther Hext was born 
July 26th, 1731 and was baptized December 12th — 

Thomas Hext son of Thomas and Esther Hext was born 
November 8th, 1733 between 1^yq and seven in the morning 
and was. baptized March 31st 1734. Thomas Hext son of 
Thomas and Esther Hext departed this life the 24 day of 
Nomber 1765. 

Esther Hext daughter of Thomas and Esther Hext was 
born November 14th, 1737 at nine at night and was baptized 
the 18th of June 1738. 

Jane Hext daughter of Thomas and Esther Hext was born 
February 16th 1739 about one o'clock Saturday morning 
and was baptized August 7th 1740. Jane Hext daughter of 
Thomas and Esther Hext died the 10th day of July 1741. 

Elizabeth Hext daughter of Thomas and Esther Hext was 
born January 9tlj 1742 at nine at night. 

Thomas Hext departed this life January 5th, 174f in the 
fortieth year of his age. 

Judith Esther Hext departed this life October 16th, 1748. 

George Hext and Elizabeth Arnold was married by the 
Rev'e'd Mr. Wm Orr the 7th day of December 1752. 

Martha Hext daughter of George and Elizabeth Hext was 
born an the 28th day of September 1753 at half an hour 
after two o*clock in the morning. 


Historical Notes. 127 

Elizabeth Hext the wife of George departed this life the 
8th day of September 1759 at nine at nidit. 

George Hext the son of Thomas and Judith Esther Hext 
departed this life the 3rd day of November 1760 at one 
o'clock in the morning. 

Solomon Freer and Elizabeth Hext was married by the 
Rev'e'd Mr. Martaine the 22d day of January 1761 on 
Thursday evening at Mr. Daniel Legare's Junr. in Chas. 

Thomas Hext, of Charles Town, planter, by his will, made 
Il^ovember 17, 1765, and proved betore Lieut.-Gov. Bull, 
May 9, 1766, directed that his whole estate be sold and the 
proceeds, after the pavment of all debts, divided equally 
between his wife and children, the wife to receive hers at 
once, the suns as they should respectively attain the age of 
twenty-one and the daughter at eighteen or day of marriage; 
appointed brothers-in-'aw, William "Williams and Solomon 
Freer, executors. Witnesses: John Packrow, Wdliam Pa. 
treau and Sarah Hanahan. (P. C. R., C. Co., book 1761-77.) 

The OLD FORT AT Dorchester, S. C. — In the last number 
of this magazin.e there appeared a very able and interesting 
historical sketch of the town, the people, and the neighbor- 
hood, of old Dorchester. The author, Mr. Henry A. M. 
Smith, has spared no pains to make a complete study of his 
subject. It is to be hoped that more papers of the tame 
thorough research and critical method may be found in 
the contents of the Mao^azine for the future. 

Some description of the fort has been given in the article 
referred to; but it has beeii thought that additional particu- 
lars concerning its size, shape, and present condition, would 
interest lurther the readers of Mr. Smith's artiele. 

On a visit to Summerville about two years ago, the writer 
accompanied and assisted by Mr. W. Russell Dehon, exam- 
ined the site of the old town of Dorchester and its fort, chiefly 
for the purpose of taking bearings and measurements of the 
latter. These were considered accurate enough, though 
made with only an excellent pocket-compass and a tape-line. 


Situated on the left bank of the ABhley River, overlooking 
the stream, on ground fifty feet distant from, and about fif- 
teen feet above, the water, the little fort remains to this day 
in good preservation. This is limited, hov^ever, to its plan, 
profile, and material of construction. Its interior, partly 
tilled with earth and debris of brick-work, is grown up with 
trees, bushes, and vines. Its plan is that of a square redoubt 
with half-bastions at each of the four angles, which were 
probably once armed with swivels or light field-pieces. Its 
profile shows, now, an enclosing wall, from three to four 
feet thick, the base covered by debris, the top from seven to 
eight feet above the average level of the interior. The trace 
ot tlie enclosing wall is unbroken with two exceptions — a 
sally-port, three feet wide, on the face farthest from the 
river, and a breach in the half-bastion nearest to the river, 
where the wall has been levelled to the ground. Here, a 
drive-way for carts and wagons seems to have been made in 
recent years, to facilitate the removal of bricks from the 
interior for direct transportation on the river, close at hand. 
The material used for the walls was a concrete of broken 
oyster-shells and lime called "tabby", always found, when 
well made, to be close, firm, and durable. Brick was used 
also in some places for a coping of the parapet, and, no 
doubt, for magazines and other structures : these latter have 
all been demolished, but the coping of brick-work is still to 
be seen on the western wall. 

Mr. Smith's judgment as to the date of the building of the 
present fort- — 1775 — is entirely supported by the facts and 
conditions of the case. Ko such work would have been 
built in the time of the Indian wars : the early settlers could 
protect themselves with stockades and block-houses. 

The illustration appended to these notes will serve to show 
the form, bearings, and dimensions of the fort at Dorchester. 
It was only a little more than one hundred feet square on 
the interior lines. On the river side, it commanded the ap- 
proach to the town for perhaps a half-mile, with its small 
cannon. On the land side, an infantry fire, delivered over 
the parapet from a banquette, could be very effective. 

Charleston, S. C, 25 May, 1905. John Johnson. 




In the sketch of th^i history of Dorchester published 
in the April IN'umber of the Magazine, the writer stated 
that lie could find no documentary proof of the exis- 
tence of the old fort at Dorchester prior to the fortification 
constructed in 1775 under the orders of the Provincial 
Council of Safety. 

Since then Mr. Langdon Cheves has called my attention 
to the following extract from the will of John Skene, of 
St. George's, Esq. The will is dated 1 June 1768, and is 
recorded in the Probate Court tor Charleston County in 
book 1767-1770. John Skene owned and resided upon a 
plantation of 3000 acres in St George's Parish on the south 
side of Ashley River and just opposite the town of Dor- 
chester. This plantation was part of the original 12000 acre 
barony of the Earl of Shaftesburj^ 

Henry A. M. Smith. 

* * * " Item: I give to the Commissioners of Fortitica- 
tions all my Great Guns for the use of the Magazine and 
Fort at Dorchester, reserving to the officers (for the time 
being) of the St. Georges Troop, the Liberty of using 
them on any Public Day, especially on his Majestys Birth 
Day and the 23'' of April. 

Item : I give my large silver cup to the Church Wardens 
of St. Georges Parish Also my large Bible with Brass 
clasps, my other large Bible to the Parish Library " ***** 

A Crevecoeur Stoky. — To The Editor of The Sautli Carolina 
Historical and Genealogical Magazine: — An eminent ^NTew 
England scholar in his study of Hetor St. John Crevecoeur's 
works, has found in the rare '^ Voyage dans la haute Penn- 
sylvanie", published at Paris in 1801, reference to a Mr. Bull, 
" a Georgia planter'', who led a gipsy life in the mountain 
region between Tennessee and the Carolinas during the 

The New England scholar says that St. John Crevecoeur, 
in the book tells how Mr. Bull, an old man in the latter years 
of our Revolution, left his plantation for fear of the Tories, 


and took to the Carolina forest, nioving northward and 
avoiding the army of Cornwallis. Crevecoeur professes 
to have found him near Fincastle in Virginia, and to have 
heard from him the details of his gipsy life with his family 
and his negroes from April, 1778, to 1782, after the surren- 
der of Cornwallis at Yorktown. They planted crops each 
year, hunted for game and fed their cattle and horses on the 
rich pasturage of the bottom-lands. 

He quotes "Mr. Bull" as follows: 

"Alone in the midst of these vast solitudes we had for 
witnesses of our labor only the sweet melodious meadow- 
lark, the jay, the chattering boblincorn, the tufted starling, 
the bold king-bird, the shrill whistling cat-bird, and the 
thrushes with their gentle, harmonious notes. These birds, 
with the mock-bird, ignorant of the destructive power of 
man, were constantly about us, and seemed to view us with 
curiosity rather than terror. Every evening, as soon as the 
sun set, great flocks of cranes rose slowly, in regular and 
majestic spirals to a great height, as if to catch a last glimpse 
of the sun, whose rays sometimes glanced on their whitish 
wings, and met our eyes as we watched them. They soon 
came down again in the same order and as silently to the 
places they had just left. This spectacle occurred almost 
daily when the sky was clear, and lasted more than half an 
hour. In this lovely solitude we passed our first winter. I 
built a spacious, comfortable cabin at the foot of one of the 
largest oaks I ever saw; and in this my two daughters gave 
birth to the two grandsons whom you see here with me. In 
memory of their birthplace I gave them the names of Paco- 
let and JSTawassa, the streams at whose confluence I had built 
my cabin." 

The ^ew England investigator says: "This was near the 
Broad river, a few miles south of ITorth Carolina; for the 
topography of St. John is confirmed by his contemporary, 
Dr. Morse. The second winter he was near the headwaters 
of the Yadkin river; the third near those of the river Dau, 
not far from a mountain called Ararat. In that region were 


the Carolina Moravians at Wachovia, vi^hose chief town, 
Salem, corresponding to Bethlehem in Pennsylvania, is still 
inhabited by these pious people. The old Noah of this 
modern Ararat went on to say: 'During the four years of 
my pilgrimfige I think I must have traversed 600 miles, 
without any of my household being ill a single day, so salu- 
brious are our mountains. It was time, however, for peace 
to be made, and our endurance, our cournge and our clothes 
were getting worn out. Finally, in May, 1782, I returned 
to my plantation on the Saluda, which two old servants had 
not been able to protect from pillage. Great was their joy 
to see us come back in good health, and with an increase of 
the family of seven children, two white and five black, to- 
gether with 54 young cattle."' 

What our Korthern friend wants to know is "if the 
annalr^ of South Carolina contain any record of this patri- 
archal wandering of Mr. Bull and his heifers and mares." 
He says : " Doubtless St. John found it in print somewhere, 
and translated it, along with his accounts of Hell Gate and 
Yale College into his colloquial French." 

If you, Mr. Editor, or any of the members of the South 
Carolina Historical Society, or any representatives of the 
Bull family in South Carolina, know anything of this inter- 
esting woodsman of Revolutionary times, it would be well 
to give it to the public. 

For my part, I am inclined to think it, if you will pardon 
the phrase, "a cock and Bull story." 

Crevecoeur was as reckless of i'sicU as was his countryman 
the Abbe Kaynal who, unable to account for rice culturti in 
South Carolina, had a vessel wrecked on our coast and thus 
scattered the first seed of what afterward became a most 
important crop. 

In an earlier book Crevecoeur, if my memory is not at 
fault, told of seeing a negro in Charleston tortured in an iron 
cage, a little anecdote that was once a favorite tid bit with 
the most violent of the anti-slavery agitators. 

New Yc)rk, March 20th. Yates Snowden. 


Major Egbert Anderson and Fort Sumter. — The origi- 
nal of the foll()wii]g letter, written by Major Robert Ander- 
son while commanding Fort Sumter in 1861, is in possession 
of Mr. Thomas R. Proctor, of Utica, Few York, who has 
very kindly furnished a copy thereof for publication here: 

Fort Sumter, S. C, Feb. 19, 1861. 
B. D. Silliman, Esq., 

Wall St., 

N. York. 
My dear Sir: 

Accept my thanks for your kindness in attending to the 
troublesome commission I gave you, and also for the handsome com- 
pliment you were pleased to pay me in your note of the 13th inst. 

I have had no intimation of an intention to reinforce my command. 
The present able Sec'y. of War notified me, as soon as he took charge 
of the Dept. , that additional troops should be sent, the moment I in- 
timated that I wished them, or as soon as the S. Carolinians should 
make an attack. I have not asked for them, because I know that an 
attack will be made, as soon as they hear that I have asked for rein- 
forcements, and I am unwilling to bring on a Civil War, if I can pos- 
sibly avoid it. The longer the matter is deferred, the better the chance 
of having matters decided without a recourse to arms. Our Union 
cannot be sustained bjg^force. 

1 thank you for your kind offer, made to my wife, through my sweet 
little friend, and also for your offer to me. 

We are anxiously waiting now, for the inauguration of, and nomi- 
nation of the Cabinet by, the President elect. Everything depends on 
his selecting discreet, wise men. We have had enough of third class 
men, broken down politicians, as Heads of Depts. at Washington. 
The inner wheels of our Political Clock must be of the finest metal, 
and they must be true, or it will run down. 

Everything is pretty quiet around us. The S. C. are at work on 
their batteries, and we are getting ready to do all the harm we can 
should they venture to attack us. 

That God will spare our country, and save us from the horrors of a 
civil strife, is my earnest prayer. 
I am 

My dear Sir, 

Yours very Sincerely, 

Robert Anderson. 

The Flags of Fort Sumter. — " The Flag of the Confed- 
erate States and the Palmetto, were raised on Fort Sumter 
simultaneously — the former by Col. Jones,^ chief of Gen. 

2 Major David R. Jones. 


Beauregard's Stafi, and Col. Ferguson. The Flag of the 
Confederate States was manufactured in this city. It was 
the intention to have made use of the flag that was first 
hoisted on the Capitol, at Montgomery, but unfortunately it 
had been mislaid. The flag-staiFs were about fifteen feet 
high, and were lashed to two of the big guns by Commodore 
Hartstine." — The Charleston Mercury, Monday, April 15^ 

" The first Palmetto Flag was raised on Fort. Sumter Yes- 
terday by Cols. F. J. Moses, Jr., and J. L. Dearing of 
Governor Pickens' Staff, and the Confederate States Flag 
by Capt. Ferguson of the General Clinch, and others, in the 
presence of the Governor, General Beauregard's Staff, and 
a large number of gentlemen, among w^hom was Chancellor 
Carroll and Judges Glover and Wardlaw. A salute was 
fired from each of the batteries on the raising of these flags. 
— 7he Charleston Daily Courier, Monday, April 15, 1861. 

The Beginning of Charleston. — It was by the following 
order that John Culpepper laid out a tc^n in 1672 that was 
subsequently called Charles Town. It was gradually settled 
up between that date and 1680, w^hen it formally became the 
seat of government. Its predecessor on the south side of 
Ashley River had also been called Charles Town. There- 
after the site of the latter was for many years referred to as 
''the old town": 


By the grand Councill 
a colony of You are forthw*'\ to admeasure and layout or cause to be 
12000 acres layd out upon the land lying between Ashley River and 
Wandoe River twelve thousand acres of land for a Collony 
in a Square' as much as Navigable Rivers will <i^mitt, 
bounding same w^^^ limitts running directly from East to 
West and from North to South beginning upon Ashley 
River towards the South at a place there knowne by the 
name of Oyster Poynt, And a Plott thereof f airely drawne 
you are to4 return to us with all convenient speed 
whereof you are not to fayle; Given under our hands this 
xxxth. day of Aprill 1672./ 

John Yeamans 
To John Culpeper Maurice Mathews Tho: Gray 

Surveyor Generall Will: Owen: John Godfrey 

or his lawfull Depty. 
(Warrant book, 1672-1692, p. 1.) 

historical kotbs. 135 

The Date of Arrival of the Landgrave Smith Family. 
— Among the settlers who came in the Carolina, one of the 
three vessels that brought the first colonj^ for South Caro- 
lina, in 1669-70, and assisted in founding Albemarle Point, 
subsequently named Charles Town, were Thomas and Paul 
Smith. Many writers have asserted, without furnishing any 
proof, that the first of these was the same Thomas Smith 
who subsequently became a Landgrave and was sometime 
Governor of the Province. The late General McCrady, in 
his first volume (foot note page 121), disputes that claim and 
gives the date of the arrival of Thomas Smith, afterwards 
Landgrave, as 1687. The editor of this magazine once 
asked General McCrady for his authority for that date, and 
was told by the General that he had seen a Bible that bore 
every evidence of being a Bible of original record entry, 
and that therein he saw it stated that Landgrave Smith had 
been born in Madagascar and had come to South Carolina 
in 1687. The South- Carolina Gazette of Thursday, May 11, 
1738, mentions the death of the second Landgrave Thomas 
Smith on the Tuesday before, stating that he was in his 75th. 
year, and had been fifty -four years in the Province. That 
would have put the date of his arrival at 1684. The Editor 
has always believed that that was the correct date of the ar- 
rival of the Landgrave Smith family in South Carolina, and 
he also believes that General McCrady either mistook an 
old fashioned 4 for a 7 or that his printer mistook his 4 for 
a 7. The following record which he has discovered in the 
warrant book of the Province for the years 1672-1692 ([)age 
307) fully confirms his opinion as to the date of the arrival 
of this distinguished family: 

You are forthwith to Cause to bee admeasured and laid out unto M^ 
Thomas Smith six hundred and ffifty acres of Land being Due to him 
for the arrivall of himself e Barbara his wife, Tho: & George Smith, 
Mathew Crosse, Philip Adams, Joan Atkins, Johanah Atkins, and 
EKzabeth Adams, Aron Atkins Ellen & Mary Atkins & Michael Peirce 
who are entred in the secretaryes Office the 10 July 1684 In some Con- 
venient place not yett laid out or marked to bee laid out for any other 
person or use Observing the Lords prop^'ts Instructions beareing Date 


the 21 Septj. 1683 And a certificate fully specifying the Cittuation & 
bounds thereof you are to returne unto us with all Convenient speed 
and for yo'' soe Doeing this shall bee yo'' Warrt Dated the 20 Jan^^ 

To Stephen Bull Esq'' John Godfrey Joseph West 

Surveyo'^ Genall Robt Quary Jno Moore 

When Friends were Friends. — "We hear that the 
Quakers at Philadelphia, have among themselves, collected 
upward? of Three Hundred Pounds Proclamation Money, for 
the Relief of the Sufferers by the late Fire in this Town, 
the Value whereof they have sent by Capt. CuzaekJ^ — The 
South- Car oli7ia Gazette, Thursday, May 14, 1741. 

Colonel John Purvis. — "Died] — On the 4th ult. Col. 
John Piirves, of Edgefield county, in this state." — The City 
Gazette ^^ Daily Advertiser, Monday, June 11, 1792. 

Two Revolutionary Officers. — "Died.] At his phmta- 
tion on thu Wateree, on Wednesday, the 28th ult. Samuel 
Boykhi, Esq. And, at Camden, on Thursday, the 29tli ult. 
col. Joseph Kershaw.'' — The City Gazette ^- Daily Advertiser, 
Monday, Jaiiy. 9, 1792. 

G-enerals Lacey and Brandon. — ^'Promotion. Col. 
Thomas Brandon, of the 13th regiment of the militia, Brig- 
adier General of the 3d brigade of militia, vice Edward 
Lacey, who has resigned.'^— C% Gazette ^ Daily Advertiser, 
Oct. 21,1797. 


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Address: South CUrolixa Hlstorical Society, 

Charleston, S. C. 







VOL. VI— No. ^ 

OCTOBER, 1905. 

Entered at the Post-office at Charleston, S. C, as Second-class Matter. 

Printed for the Society by 


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Address : South Carolina Historical Society, 

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The South CaroUna 

Historical and Genealogical 


VOL. VI. OCTOBER, 1905. No. 4. 


[Continued from the July number.'] 


Head Quarters 17*^ feb^ 1779. 
My dear father. 

I had the pleasure of writine; to you, soon after my arrival 
at Camp — and have been since anxiously expecting farther 
intelligence from Georgia— If it be true that Spain is at 
length so enlightened on her own interests as to espouse 
those of America^ — I am inclined to think that feeble state 
will speedily be delivered from its present invaders — Such 
an event or the adoption of my black project alone can save 
her — if the first be a delusive report — T wish to know whether 
you think that the force of example, Argument, and above 
all that of impending Calamity will determine our Country- 
men—to embrace the Salutary measure which I propose — if 
you think my dear father that the chances are for us— we 
cannot too soon execute our parts— you will have the glory 
of triumphing over deep rooted national prejudices, in favor 
of your Country and humanity at large— the former may 
perhaps have reason to call you her deliverer— The sacrifice 
you make, will be effaced by the most delicious and enviable 
feelings — 


For my part it will be my duty and my pride, to trans-' 
form the timid Slave into a firm defender of Liberty and 
render him worthy to enjoy it himself — 

The respect and attachment which I have for the General — 
the friendship which I have for my Colleagues — will make 
even a temporary separation from them, a subject of s^reat 
regret — and nothing could determine me to do it but a cer- 
tain prospectof being more extensively useful — The General 
has been as polite as to say that he will be sorry to lose me 
even for a time — but that he will not object to my going — 
The nature of my profession se})atates me from my dearest 
friend — and it is natural for me not to quit an agreeable 
militarj' situation — without some assurance of rendering 
greater services elsewhere — 

But I must finish — I entreat that I may hear from my dear 
Father as soon as possible — and am ever his most afieo- 

John Laurens. 
Endorsed: John Laurens 

17*^ iFebry 1779 


Head Quarters 10"^ march -79 
My dear father. 

You will have perceived by my last, that granting the 
probability of obtaining ari act for raising black troops in 
South Carolina — no time in my opinion was to be lost in 
applying for it, under the sanction of a Keeommendation 
from Congress — 

When I reflect that the present season in that country 
affords very good fighting weather — that much time will be 
required for the Journey — that some delays may arise in 
our Council and Assembly, from the opposition of private 
interest — that collecting the Levies, at a general rendez- 
vous — from remote parts — and exchanging the unfit for 
service that will be sent in the first instance— that trans- 
forming them into soldiers & providing them with Arms 


Appointments &ca are all works of time — T must confess I 
am anxious — for if I am engaged in a plan of this kind raj 
reputation is at stake — And a regard to that, would induce 
me to spend as much time as possihle in disciplining and 
instructing my soldiers before I introduced them to the 
enemy— while a desire to render service on the other hand 
would make me sollicitous to bring them into the field in 
the active part of the Campaign — 

As a Soldier, as a Citizen, as a Man — I am interested to 
engage in this work — and I would chearfuUy sacrifice the 
largest portion of my future expectations to its success — 

I believe I have in this & former letters — nearly said all 
that can be offered by me on this subject — at present — 
Your counsel will be necessary to remove many difficulties — 
and digest a plan to be laid before the Legislature of South 
Carolina — My letters will prove to you that this subject 
occupies my thoughts very much — 

I embrace you with all my heart- -and am ever my dear 
fathers most affectionate 

John Laurens. 
Endorsed: John Laurens 10 March 
1779 Rec*. 12^^— 


Addressed: Lieut*. CoP. John Laurens 

Aid de Camp to His Excellency 
the Commander in Chief of 
all the American forces — 
South Carolina — 

Philadelphia IS**^ April 1779. 
My dear Son. 

I had the pleasure of writing to you the day before yes- 
terday by Messenger Durst, last evening the packet which 
will accompany this came to me under cover from QoY. 
Hamilton, he says it contains two Letters from your M". 
Laurens which puts me in mind to forward that which I 


told you had been illicitly opened. You will also receive 
two Letters directed to M' J. Walton, one to M'". E. Telfair 
& one to Count Pulaski which I recommend to the protec- 
tion of M''. Gervais or yourself. 

The Marquis Britaigne who will be the bearer of this is 
anxious that I should recomemend him to Governor Rut- 
ledge. That will be done Marquis, in pursuance of an Act 
of Congress by the President — Ah! but I am not acquainted 
with M'^ Jay. 

I then promised him to write to M". Gervais & to 3 ou, al- 
though he is personally acquainted with both, which gave 
him satisfaction; certainly if I were in Charles Town & the 
Marquis there too, I would shew him every mark of civility 
& attention, & I am persuaded my friends will answer 
for me. 

This Gentleman's zeal in our cause must have cost him 
several Thousands of Louis d'ors, besides much personal 
suffering; he has been waiting upon Congress almost a whole 
Year in humble dependence, free from that inquietude which 
from almost all his Countrymen we have been witnesses of, 
k yet, there has been great stumbling at a proposition for 
allowing him 5000. Paper equal to about 400. Silver Dollars, 
nor did we surmount the difficulty in one step — first 3000. 
then 2000 — carefully adding "he to be accountable." we 
swallow Camels & strain at gnats. 

Our friend Baron Stiiben had intimated expectations of 
pretty large pecuniary compensation, for his expenccs com- 
ing to & in America over & above the pay of Major General, 
and also for his own expences & those of M". Fleury, M'. 
L'enfant & M^ Duponceau, a Report was thereupon intro- 
duced from the Board of War, the whole seemed to me, to 
be incongruous with his propositions at his arrival in York 
Town, I was therefore induced to call for certain documents 
(fe papers relative to the subject in order to enlighten such 
of our Members as would otherwise have been ignorant, but 
I made no opposition to the Report, some busy Body must 
have taken an advantage of my conduct k mif^represented 


me to the Baron, otherwise the following dialogue three 
days ago when he dined with me could never have hap- 

What is the reason M'. Laurens that Congress will not 
allows me my expences, I told them I was not Rich k I am 
sure the Committee at York Town promised me. 

Why Baron I cannot answer for the conduct of Congress, 
for my own part I would recommend to you not to press 
that subject at the present moment, every Member of Con- 
gress is sensible of your merit & deserving, I cannot just 
now so fully assign reasons, as I may at a future time, but 
if I were to advise, you would delay your demands until our 
affairs shall be a little better arranged. 

jl^^ his declarations to me at York Town were that 

he would expect nothing till the end of the War his 

running expences excepted — Congress gave him two 

or four Horses & a Commission of Major G-eneral, paid 

all his Expences at & travelling from Boston at York 

Town &c — 

Well replied the Baron, for myself I will take your advice 

I will ask nothing yet — I will go to the Army & proceed in 

my duty — but why will they not do something for Fleury 

& the other young Gentlemen who have assisted me in my 

work ? 

Congress Sir, will undoubtedly do everything that is just 
k reasonable, there's no Man who has a greater esteem k 
jiffection for Col°. Fleury than I have, but let us consider a 
little Baron is not M-- Fleury now within one grade of 
Generalship, how long must he have served in his own 
Country before he would have arrived at this eminence, 
with largo & honorable testimonials in his pocket. 

But my dear M'. Laurens, M^ President he cannot live 
by his appointment, & he must go home if you do not do 
something for him. 

You very well know Baron, the state of our Army & the 
state of our finances— if the case be so, that CoK Fleury 
cannot stay with us unless Congress will do something more 


for him & that Congress cannot do any thing more for 
him, the consequence will be that he must go home, I shall 
be very sorry for it. — 

The Baron, in no small shew oT Choler & rage, although 
in presence of 4 or 5 other guests, answered. Then, I shall 
go home, I will not stay. 

O Baron Baron, you had just determined the contrary, 
excuse me for saying, this is really taking advantage of my 
candor, you will make me more cautious hereafter if you 
persist in these sentiments — what else could I have said, 
speaking as an honest Man, if Col°. Fleury cannot continue 
with us upon his present appointments & Congress will not 
because they cannot, with propriety, enlarge them — & he 
himself points out the alternative, what else could I have 
said, but I hope Baron you wdll not make me answerable 
for all the determinations of Congress, when I am there, 
I am an individual & speak my sentiments or give my voice 
without fear prejudice or partiality. I pray you Baron tjiink 
better of this matter. We went to dinner, the Baron looked 
grave, I made attempts to raise him, he retired earlier than 
usual & if I do not mistate with a consciousness of a little 
transgression. The Deanites are incessant in their endeavors 
to raise a dis-esteem for me in the minds of foreigners, b^t 
they make no more impression upon mine than they would 
upon adamant with a Goose quill. I will endeavor to do 
right, if I do not gdiii their applause, I shall nevertheless 
enjoy an assurance of having deserved it — to be an honest 
Statesman produces a Man some troubles, but not so many. 
I believe as attends a dissembling knavish one, therefore 
I'll pursue the old track. I could recite another conversa- 
tion with a greater Man than Baron Stuben which would 
more than equally astonish you, but, it wont do. & I think the 
irregular measures which are adopted are arguments, prov- 
ing, why it ought not. 

When Baron Stuben first addressed Congress he produced 
a Letter from M"". Deane announcing him Lieutenant General 
k Quarter Master General in the King of Prussia's Army, 


hence T was led to give him the Title of Excellency, in my 
early correspondence; sometime after he went to Camp at 
Valley forge I was well informed that he had never advanced 
near the Rank of Lieutenant General, the Baron did not 
say to me that he had, but he did not disown it. M'. Deane 
intimated that at some former time he had seen his Com^ 
missions, but that when he was about to leave Paris in order 
to embark for America he was not possessed of them, hav- 
ing left them in Germany, & this moment it strikes me, 
that the Baron might have misconstrued & misapplied my 
question, How long must Col°. Fleury have served ? kc — but 
upon my honor I had no design to touch him nor, as I have 
said above, did I ever think of the subject in this light until 
the present Instant, however if he has committed himself 
it is not my fault, if he felt any thing like an attack it was 
from within his own Breast, neither duty nor inclination 
could possibly have misled me to upbraid a Man with whom 
I wished to have continued in friendship, but the times 
are distempered & the Devils of avarice & ambition are in- 
defatigably improving them to their own advantage. 

'Tis rumored the Enemy have taken the town of Provi- 
dence, I do not believe it— You will see the News Papers 
in M\ Gervais's hands — tell me if my Country Men wish me 
to remain here, I don't mean a few of them, but generally. 
I pray God bless & protect you 

Henry Laurens. 
Lieut'. Colonel Laurens 

South Carolina. 
'Endorsed: H. L — to J — 

Philadelphia 18'^ April 1779. 



Addressed: Lieut*. Colonel John Laurens 

Aid de Camp to His Excellency 
the Commander in Chief of the 
American forces. 

now at South Carolina. 

Philadelphia S''^ June 1779. 
My Dear Son — 

I had the honor of writing to you under the 30*^ Ult°. 
since which we have received no accounts from Carolina — 
what! has our State determined not to correspond with 
Congress? The Lieut^ Governor's late Letter to the Gov', 
of Virginia seemed to menace somewhat like it. 

General AWntosh will tell you more news than I should 
he able to write in a whole day & you will see the News 
Papers in the hands of M'". Gervais — some four or five 
summer like days have extracted the gouty pains which I 
had complained of for a fortnight before, but my leg con- 
tinues in a precarious state. 

I pray God to bless & protect 

Henry Laurens. 
Lieut*. Colonel John Laurens 
South Carolina. 

End/rrmh TL L to J. L— 

Philadelphia ^^^. June 1779 


Philadelphia, 17^ July 1779. 
My Dear Son. 

My last communication is dated the 10*^ Inst, it was for- 
warded by the hands of Sickle a public Messenger. 
Yours of the '2:\ June written I perceive with your left hand 
reached me no earlier than the 12th List, this is the Letter 
which M'. Leger left in the custody of Col°, Finnie; you 


refer me very particularly to an auticedeot date, but none 
such respecting Military operations in Sz about Charles Town 
have I seen, recollect if you can, its date k by whom yon 
transmitted it. & I will endeavor to discover the defaulter 
or the delinquent. 

Dunlap's Paper of this Morning does not inform us as I had 
expected it would, of the operations of the American Duke 
d'Alva, late G-overnor Tryon in Connecticut, he landed at 
Kew Haven burnt part k probably the whole of that Town 
penetrated to & burnt all Fairfield said to be one of the 
prettiest Towns in America, the Militia assembled, at- 
tacked him k he fled to his Ships — this is a general sketch 
warranted by Rivington of the 10^^ Inst, with this difference, 
he says re-embarked. I wish the title of d'Alva may be so 
fixed on Tryon as to be transmitted to posterity '(t his mem- 
ory held ill everlasting contempt. 

Yesterday we received in Congress dispatches from the 
Honorable Arthur Lee Esq' — containing as complete a vin- 
dication, of his own & his Brother TVilliam's conduct, as I 
have ever seen in any case, every charge of Deane's 5^. 
Decem. refuted, every article supported by vouchers — what 
a worse figure will this bad servant make before his fellow 
Citizens to whom he appealed, when his narrative of 139 
Pages of vanity, misrepresentation, falsehood & contradic- 
tion shall pass under the harrow of Lee's Pen — those who 
have hitherto been his supporters, appeared to be unhappy 
while the Papers were reading." tell my friends they will 
find, that my resignation on the 9"". December was, as I then 
said to them, the greatest act of my Life. ** 
I have heard nothing lately from head Quarters — the very 
plentiful harvest, which we have now secured, leads to ani- 
mation, we are talkino: of an immediate array of ten or 
twelve Thousand good Militia, these to join the Commander 
in Chief & to attack New York; a motion made by M'. 
Dickinson seconded by M"" Drayton that Congress should 

* See The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography ^ Vol. 
XIII, p. 232. 


join the Array & act en Militaire — this shews more of valour 
in those Gentlemen than of the wisdom & reflection of grave 
Senators, but who can restrain the ardor of fighting Men 
when an opportunity offers? the Motion is on the Table for 
consideration when it can be taken up consistently with 

If I may judge of the state of your Carolina air, from the 
Philadelphia Thermometer you have hitherto had very tol- 
erable weather, I was just now obliged to throw oft a lined- 
silk, & to cover my body with a Cloth flannel-lined, wast- 
coat, & I took a little Cold last night by lying under only a 
thick Cotton coverlid, we have not experienced one intol- 
erable day the present Summer. 

I say nothing of m}' private affairs I know you will aid M"". 
Gervais in taking as much thought for them as times will 
admit of. I remain here under the Commands of my fellow 
Citizens when my inclinations strongly bend homeward, 
'tis high time I were there. 

I pray God to bless & protect 


Henry Laurens. 
36 days since we heard 
from So Carolina — 
I interpret nothing amiss 
from this silence. 

Col°. John Laurens 
South Carolina — 

Endorsed: H. L — to J. L — 

Philadelphia 17'^ July 1779. 



Addressed: John Laurens Esquire 
L*. Colonel in the Array 
& Aid de Camp to 
His Excellency Gen: Washington 

Charles Town 

South Carolina. 

Philadelphia 23*^ July 1779. 
My Dear Friend. 

I had the pleasure of writing to you the 17'^. Inst by Mes- 
senger Graham, we have heard nothing since from Charles 
Town. I feel a little anxiety to know whether & when 
you mean to return to Your General & lest we should miss 
each other on the Road, an accident, which, if it should 
happen, would mortify us exceedingl3^ bat I have not 
marked a day for my departure, I shall quit this great 
House the 12'^. August because I cannot afford the Rent, & go 
for three or four Weeks into cheaper Quarters, my Landlady 
who is as keen an Abigail as any I know, has outwitted 
herself, she wanted to raise the Rent upon me & by a mis- 
calculation I suppose, has let it to my Neighbor Mitchel 
for 6 or 7 hundred pounds per Annum less than I paid — & 
he has made a firm contract with a penalty annexed. 

Your friend Doctor M^Henry is in Town on his return 
from escorting M''. Washington to Virginia, he will dine 
wnth me to day & we'll drink your health. T have heard 
nothing from Head Quarters for a long time but I purpose 
to write to your General by the Doctor, I would give some- 
what considerable for two hours conversation with him on 
certain very interesting & important points. I believe I shall 
pay him a Visit before I leave this Country. 

Col°. Gervais, Capt McQueen & M^ Wells will communi- 
cate to you the Contents of our latest News. Papers & other 
scraps of intelligence which I have transmitted. 
My Dear Son I pray God to bless & protect you. 

Henry Laurens. 


Colonel Dan. Morgan is in Town 
& has applied to Congress to accept his 
Commission, he complains of Gen Wayne's 
appointment to Command the Corps which 
should have been continued under him. 
he is a good Officer & we will not part 
with him, if persuasion can prevail. 

I am charged by a great number of 
your friends to present their Compliments 
Gen Gates in a very particular manner. 
Col": John Laurens. 

Endorsed: H L. to J. L — 

Philadelphia 23^ July 1779. 



17 Septem 1779. 
My Dear Son — 

My last Letter to you is dated the 31'*. July — my 
silence in the mean time has been owing to that uncertainty 
in which I have been held respecting your continuance in 
So. Carolina, every body who came from thence assured me 
you were determined to come this way very soon, as I re- 
main in the same disagreeable state of suspense I should not 
have written to you now, had I not been charged particu- 
larly with a Letter from your friend Colonel Hamilton, that 
Letter accompanied by two which I suppose to be from S^ 
Mary Axe, your Letter intended for M^ Hutson & one for 
M". Petrie you will receive under the present cover. 
I must refer you as usual to M^. Gervais for News, but 
I may add, we have just reed, advice from Boston that 
our Frigates Boston & Deane had captured a Copper bot- 
tomed British Sloop of War; the Sand wick Packet bound 
from New York to Falmouth; a Vessel with 150 Pipes 
Wine from Madeira; these safe in Port two New York 
Privateers of 10 Guns each, a very Rich Ship from Glasgow 


for jS" York & one or two other Vessels — these not yet ar- 
rived, on board the Glasgow-Man was a Box containing 
complete aparatus for counterfeiting our poor Dollars, which 
had beeji thrown overboard & recovered — Major Gardner, 
he who was on Port Royal Island, was taken in the Packet, 
you will probably see all these circumstances more particu- 
larly marked in Dunlap's Paper to morrow, I shall be early 
enough to send one of them. 

If I do not hear from you in a few days I believe without 
further waiting I shall set out for Charles Town altho my 
own inclination to pursue duty ut this very critical juncture 
& the requests of my friends press me strongly to remain 
here a little longer 

I should inform you I pray God to bless You 

.Jack Hamm is here a prisoner in the Henry Laurens, 

Character of a common Seaman, I am 
afraid he has forfeited all Character. 

Lieut*. Col°. John Laurens. 

indorsed: H. L. to J. L. 

Philadelphia 1T\ Sep^: 1779 


Philadelphia 21^ Septem 1779 
I had the pleasure my Dear Son of writing to you the 
17'\ Inst, by a Public ATessenger, & ot receiving on the 19'\ 
by the hand of Capt. Roberls your favor of the 9'^ Ult«.— 
This Young Gentleman will dine with me to morrow, if I 
can render him services more substantial than bare civilities, 
your recommendation will have its weight, with my own 
feelings respecting him as a fellow Citizen the Son of a val- 
uable^Ofhcer who laid dowi; his Life in the defence of 

I knew, the pride & the naughtiness of the Hearts of so 
many of our tellow Citizens, would seduce them to spurn at 
the mode you speak of for completing our Confoederal Regi- 
ments; that the avarice of others would impel them to re- 


volt from the proposition for erecting black Battalions & I 
long since foresaw & foretold jou the ulmost insarmounta- 
ble difficulties which woa'd obstruct the progress of your 
liberal Ideas. — nothing wonderful in all this — Is it a light 
work to bring Men accustomed [one or two words obliter- 
ated] aflluence & absolute command, to submit without mur- 
mering to peremptory Orders under the penalty of Corporal 
punishment. And it is certainly a great task effectually to 
persuade Hich Men to part willingly with the very source of 
their wealth &, as they suppose, tranquility. You have en- 
countered rooted habits & prejudices, than which there is 
not in the history of man recited, a more arduous engage- 
ment. If you succeed you will lay the corner stone for ac- 
complishing a prediction of your Grandfather & your name 
will be honorably written & transmitted to posterity — but 
even the attempt without perfect success, will, I know^, afford 
you unspeakable self satisfaction — The work will at a future 
day be efficaciously taken up & then it will be remembred 
who began it in South Carolina. 

I prospered yesterday in carrying through a Keport w^hich 
I had the honor of presenting to Congress from a Commee. 
appointed to correspond with General Lincoln, recommend- 
ing Aid to So Carolina by dispatching three frigates or 
Armed Ships of War & the North Carolina Brigade to 
Charles Town; there was much opposition to the measure 
from certain quarters & the Report underwent some altera- 
tions which may possibly be made use of to defeat my views, 
but as the execution was Committed to the Marine Board 
where M"". Mathewes Acts as a Member, I have strenuously 
recommended the subject to his attention & I confide greatly 
in his zeal & fortitude. — Should we receive certain accounts 
of a French ffleet operating on your Coast, all that we have 
here determined to attempt for your relief will instantly be 
reconsidered & probably vanish. 

(TCiitlemej) aver that the Continental Frigate [one or two 
words obliterated] advantage to the Port of Boston either 
in a Commercial & pecuniary view, or as a defence — on 


the contrary the prizes which those Frigates carry in, work 
a prejudice to the Citizens of that Town by encouraging 
monopolizers & extortioners k by stripping the Port of Sea- 
men who would otherwise be more usefully employed in the 
service of [word obliterated] Merchant Ships & private Ships 
of War — this doctrine strange as it may appear to Men of 
no more than common understanding, is proved & illustra- 
ted by the extreme reluctance with which Gentlemen repre- 
senting Massachusetts & Boston consent to part with them 
only for a few Months in favor of a much distressed Sister 
State, but when some Men talk of defending So Carolina & 
of the necessary measures for recovering Georgia, raethinks 
I hear blind Men describing Colours, or Misers haranging 
on liberality. 

Has not So Carolina contributed her quota to the raising a 
N"avy ? Has she not a rightful claim to some of the benefits 
which may be derived from that Navy? Oh! but So Caro- 
lina is defended by taking the enem3''s privateers from N'ew 
York, & if you send our Frigates to So Carolina the Enemy 
will soon know it, way lay & capture them — do not the 
Enemy as well know when those Frigates sail from Boston 
on a Cruize for prizes? is it not as practicable for British 
Men of War from Hallifax, Rhode Island & New York to 
way lay them coming out of, & returning to, the Bay of 
Boston a? o^oins^ to Carolina or cruizino' from thence? Did 
not they know of the ill concerted enterprize to Penobscot? 
Had I prevailed by my repeated recommendations more 
than twelve Months since, to send tliree Frigates to Cruize 
near Charles Town we should probably have added three or 
four British Frigates to our American fleet &c &c. 
It has been falsely transmitted to Charles Town that I was 
too closely connected with the Eastern States, you have now 
proof of the contrary & I glory in the reproach of being 
with no Man, with no parly longer than he or they steers or 
steer by the Pole Star of reason. Justice, reciprocity, 
when Men diverge into the Road of self Interestedness, I 
walk no further with them In a word, I fear I have given 


offence to some of my friends If it be so, I can't help it, I 
would rather offend my Father than meanly or wittingly 
transgress against those principles — the offended will upon 
reflection, perceive their mistake & without suit forgive me 
nor will this be a strange Phoenomenon in a true account 
of my Pilgrimage. How many of our Confoederal Ships 
of War have heretofore been Captured or foolishly lost? 
but how many have been captured or otherwise lost in at- 
tempting to relieve or aid the Southern States? answer, my 
friends, these questions fairly & you will see nothing pre- 
posterous in the proposition for sending three Frigates to 
Charles Town — if cruizing [one or two words obliterated] 
Plan they will have as good Cruizing ground from thence 
[one or two words obliterated] any part on our side of the 
Atlantic & Boston will be for a little time relieved from the 
burthen of prizes — My very worthy friend Gen. Whipple, 
says in his mild & decent manner, well! well! you'l repent 
this scheme. — but I'll say no more I know my views are 
pure, my design is to promote the general good of the Union 
& I trust we shall be all good friends [one or two words ob 
literated] w. 

My quandam opponent Merryweather [obliterated Avord] to 
whom I never made any approaches, is now not only placid 
but kind pressed me to day to take a side of his Chariot, 
brought me home & will eat Sturgeon with me to morrow — 
look at the Journal of Congress the 14"'. May last &c — If 

Men will be if they will do these things, how can I 

help it? I [one or two words obliterated] ot be illnatured 
or inexorable. 

But to return to your Letter, I expect soon to hear your 
schemes in Assembly have proved abortive & that you have 
been defeated in your first battle in the Field of Politics — 
should this be the case I wish indeed to know it soon^ k to 
know also your determination respecting a continuance in 
your iiative clime, in order to regulate my own movements, 
I should begin my journey homeward in a few days were I 
sure of meeting you on the lioad or at Ansonburgh, mean- 


ing in a few days after two or three important points shall 
be adjusted in, as honest M'. Duffield stiles it, the great 
Council of these States. 

I have informed Mons^ Girard of M^ Plohi bards addresses 
to your Senate & House of Representatives & given him 
proper extracts from your Letter & from Colonel Gervais's, 
if the Gentleman has been misled I am in Ijopes he will see 
his error & retract before it be too late, he must not expect 
undue countenance either from Mons'. Girard or from the 
Cheval'' La Luzerne. 

You talk of a heavy tax, what will you say when Congress 
shall call on you for about a million & an half of Dollars per 
Month, a call which you must expect to hear [one or two 
words obliterated] the 1^*. I^ovember. We have soleml}- 
pledged ourselves [one or two words obliterated] no more 
paper Money when the Amount shall be 200,000,000 Dollars, 
as you will have read in the Circular Letter, this event will 
happen about the 1''. December & we have not yet determined 
upon one article of ways & means for replenishing the Treas- 
ury & carrying on the War. I feel more fr [two or three 
words oblitered] nt prospect of our affairs, than is conven- 
ient to [one or two words obliterated] paper, lest Rivington 
should lay his hands on my Letter & magnify. — 
I am told Col°. Laurens gives exceeding good Madeira Wine 
to his guests at the House in the Garden, whence I presume 
it must be plenty, & cheap in Charles Town, therefore I re- 
quest him to lay in a pipe or two for me before Christmas. 
Colonel Malmadi will be the bearer of this, I don't know 
whether I shall be able to write to M' Gervais by him if I 
do not, I pray you let this Letter [word obliterated] both. 
& if I send but one packet the ^ews Papers will be found 
in that. I commend you to God's protection & remain My 
Dear Son 

Your faithful friend & affectionate Father. 

Henry Laurens, 

Colonel John Laurens. 
South Carolina. 

Endorsed: H. L to J. L- 

Philadelphia 2^ Sep- 1779 
at the conclusion 
Madeira Wine 



Philadelphia 27^\ Septem 1779. 

My Dear Son. 

I writ to you the 2V\ Inst, by Co?. Malmedi. the 
25'''. your favor supposed to have been penned the 7^''. 
reached me, & announced the arrival of Count d'Estaing 
on the American Coast, if the Count has adhered to his 
Resolution of remaining with you only eight days, 'tis to be 
apprehended his achievements in Georgia & So Carolina will 
not excite a nine days wonder; that slackness in our Militia 
which you complain of, is very illy fitted to the Count's spirit 
for enterprize and celerity — be this as it may, I expect, at 
least, this good eftect from his appearance, that the Enemy 
will scamper ofi & overturn the Wright government in 
G-eorgia & all its appendages, & I hope for greater things. 
Congress have authorized General Washington to Co-operate 
with the French Admiral & General in such manner as he 
shall judge conducive to public good without applying to 
them for further directions & have strongly recommended 
to the middle & eastern States to give the General all possi- 
ole aid of Men & provisions & also to furnish provisions. of 
flour &c tor the use of the Fleet & Army of our Ally. 
That Assembly met yesterday for the sole jturpose of ap- 
pointing a Minister Plenepotentiary for treating with his 
Britanic Majesty on Peace & Commerce, an Act which in 
my estimation is extremely premature. M'. Adams & M'. 
Jay were nominated, the Ballots twice taken without effect 
— V\ Ballot 5 for Adams 4 for Jay 3 States divided — 
2nd — ^ fQj. Adams. 5 for Jay — South Carolina divided — My 
Colleague had laboured hard two days for carrying a reso- 
lution to disqualify any Member of Congress or any one who 
had been a Member within nine preceeding Months for any 
office of trust or emolument under Congress — I opposed the 
Resolution but coincided in the Idea & wished it mio^ht be 
understood by the whole House that a Member should not 
be appointed, among other reasonings my Colleague in favor 


of his Motion had urged, that the appointment of a .Vfemher 
to be a foreign Minister would be degrading; b}' sending 
one from sovereignty into servitude — you can't suppose I 

could hear such sentiments & forbear laughing inward]}^ 

finding me to be clear in his opinion that on the present 
occasion we ought not to appoint a Member he earnestly 
requested me to think of a proper Character out of doors 
after some hours reflection I named to him M'. John Adams 
as a Gentleman in every respect well qualified, against whom 
there could be no exception & to whom these States were 
much indebted — there rested the matter, until the proposed 
Resolution k its proposed amendment were ousted by Yeas 
& Nays — w^hen the Ballots were about to be taken, my Col- 
league declared for M''. Jay, I expostulated with him on 
what had passed between us; observed, that among other 
motives, I had nominated M''. Adams on his own principles 
& candidly & honestly declared to him such exceptions 
against M Jay as neither himself nor any Man could re- 
move, he nevertheless persisted & South Carolina was de- 
prived of a Vote, I explained to Congress in terms nearly 
as above written the ground of our division as an apology 
for my own conduct. 

I think no honest Man will censure me, nor would I have 
it understood that I mean to censure M'' Mathews, we are 
perfectly good friends & I believe him to be a very honest 
Man. I am also persuaded he had not been let into the 
secret of his self-denying motion, but this must be reserved 
as a subject for a future moments discussion.* 

*this Morning Monday the 27'''. September according to 
my imaginary foresight will be devoted to the appointment 
of a Minister Plenepotentiary to treat wdth the Court of 
Spain, on Alliance & Amity & Commerce — 

M^ Lee will be, as tis intended & expected, superseded 
by M"". Jay, an avowed & inveterate Enemy— God's will be 
these things I say to you & to my good friend Gervais, <fe to 


no body else, unless you shall find it necessary, which I hope 
will never happen. 

M^ Solikifer has jast informed me, that Sir Charles Hardy's 
Cruize had been made for reconnoitering & scouring the 
British Channel, finding it clear, he had returned into Port 
& immediately after, a fiieet of upwards of forty Sail, of Mer- 
chant Men — probably under some small convoy sailed from 
Spithead or some port in England, these were more lucky 
than Sir Charles, they fell in with the french or perhaps the 
combined fl9.eets, & were every skin of them conducted into 
Brest — this, Mr. Solikoffer says he read in a Letter from 
Bourdeaux 42 days old & he is gone to look for the Letter, 
if it comes in proper time you. will receive an extract. 
When I writ to M"". Gervais yesterday I held' my self con- 
fined to a moment & said I should not write to you, but a 
violent rain & other circumstances I suppose were impedi- 
ments to M"". Downs's departure earlier than this Morning— 
You will now be so good as to present my Love to my friend 
& communicate these contents. I learn your black Air Castle 
is blown up, with contemptuous huzzas — a Man of your 
reading & of your Philosiphy will require no consolatory 
reasonings for reconciling him to disappointment. I pray 
God to bless & protect you. 

Colonel John Laurens Henry Laurens. 

South Carolina. 


Philadelphia 2\ October 1779. 
My Dear Son — 

I have lately written to you by divers 
opportunities to Charles Town directed in your absence to 
Colonel Gervais, from an opinion that you would have left 
that place & I had suggested to my friends the probability 
of your taking a passage in Count d'Estaing's squadron; 
this Idea is countenaced by intimations in your Letter of 
the S**. Septem- which I received three days since. I there- 
fore expect this will meet you at the Head Quarters of His 
Excellency the Commander in Chief. 


You were put in ISTomination in Congress by the Honble. 
M^ Gerry the 27'^ ITlt°. for the Office of Secretary to the 
Minister Plenepoteutiary at the Court of Versailles & were 
on the 28"'. unanimously elected by eleven, or twelve, States 
—the Salary not fixed — £1000. St^ recommended in a Re- 
port, I sliall oppose every thing above £700. — but from what 
'fund or funds is even that Sum to be paid? — I know not. 
the appointment is honorable to you in every appearance & 
will put you in a road leading to the service of your Coun- 
try. I know you are equal to the task, nor could I forbear 
my testimony; it was due to a meritorious fellow Citizen, 
but I could not engage for your acceptance — therefore you 
are by no means bound by any promise or even seeming 
promise on my part — I shall be glad to converse with you 
before you finally determine aye or no. You may, if you 
please, receive from me an honest & faithful & I believe ac- 
curate state of our affairs foreign & domestic — no attempts 
will be made on my part to induce or dissuade— you will be 
loft by me to judge for your self. I need say no more but 
that I long to embrace you. 

I pray God to direct you 

in all things & I commend you to 

his protection 

Henry Laurens. 

I might have added one word 
more — I wait here only to know 

your resolution, when I receive that from your self my 
Horses will be put to the vehicle in w^hich I mean to return 
to my own poor distressed wretched Country. — 
Capt. Roberts's conduct towards the Delegates of So. Caro- 
lina has not done the highest Credit to your recommenda- 
tion—this as a hint.— 5'\ October— This address remaining 
on my Table unsealed gives me an opportunity to add,— the 
Salaries of the Ministers Plenipo: are £2500 St«. f Ann. 
each— of their respective Secretaries £1000— in full of all 
expences &c. my protest against both stands on the Book 


No! — Men who are sincerly devoted to the service of their 
Country will not accept of Salaries which will tend to dis- 
tress it. 

Lieut'. Colonel Laurens. 
Endorsed: H. L. to J. L— 

Philadelphia 2-^ 

October 1779— 


Addressed: Lieut*- Colonel 

John Laurens 
Aid de Camp 

to His Excellency General Washington 

Boston 9 

Ycstal, British Frigate 
IS'ew Found Land 14*\ [break] 
My Dear Son. 

the Ib^^. day after I parted with you [break 
several words long] Island, that is to say on the 3^ Inst, the 
little Mercury [break several words long] captured by Capt 
George Keppel Commander of the Frigate [break several 
words long] mentioned, we arrived in this Harbor yesterday. 
Think of the best that circumstances will admit [break sev- 
eral w^ords long] have a proper Idea of the very kind treat- 
ment [break several words long] has experienced, and re- 
member, I hold my self k my [break several words long] 
indebted to Capt. Keppel. 

Admiral Edwards who commands [break several words 
long] shoar & afloat has ordered the Fairy Sloop of War 
[break several words long] under the command of Capt 
Keppel. I am to be sent [break several words long] M'". 
Young & Capt. Peckle will probably accompany me. 
through all the changing scenes of Life, you know my 
[break] nd, — I pray God to bless & protect you. 

Henry Laurens. 

9 "Philadelphia", in Henry Laurens's handwriting, is stricken out 
and "Boston" inserted in another hand. 


Capt Keppel very politely delivered me 

your Letters to M^'^ Laurens, these & many 

other papers had through superabundant precaution [break 

several words long] on our part fallen into his hands. 

IB"". Admiral Edwards has been exceedingly [break sev- 
eral words long] to me, so have the several Commanders of 
Men of [break] in Port. Captains Barclay, Prescot, Lloyd, 
B [break] Stanhope &c &c— should their misfortune afiord 
an [break] neither your self nor any of ray friends will be 
[break] acknowledgements. 
L*. Col°. John Laurens 


On board the Yestal at S'. Johns 27^\ Sept\ 1780 
On the 17*^. Inst. M"". Laurens in pretty good spirits em 
[break several words long] Fairy for England, and, as the 
wind has been fair, we [break several words long] at a safe 
Port. How long Captain Pickles and [break of a word or 
two] in here, we know not. 

With the highest respect and esteem 

I am Sir 
Your Most humble & Obed*. Serv*. 
Moses Young 

Endorsed: S*. Eustatius 21^*. Decem'-. 1780. Received under 
cover & forwarded by 

Your Most Obed*. Serv^^. 
Yia: Baltimore Eliiston & John Perot 

Endorsexl hy Henry Laurens : H. L. to J. L— 

S*. John's ^N'ewfoundland 
14^^ Septem^-: 1780 


[In August, 1778, Lieut. -Col. Laurens was sent to Rhode Island to 
take part in the expeUing of the British therefrom. The French fleet 
under Count d'Estaing was expected to co-operate with the Conti- 
nental forces, but prior to the action of the 29th at Newport the Count 


announced his intention of sailing to Boston without co-operating with 
the Americans. Col. Laurens went to the Count and protested with 
his usual vigor. ^ ° The following is a fragment of a letter written by 
Col. Laurens at that time. It was probably addressed to his father, 
as it was found in the Laurens Collection, but the endorsement on the 
back is in the handwriting of Moses Young, sometime Secretary to 
Hon. Henry Laurens.] 

everything — 

I was going on but am called upon the most important 
business — A Council of War on board the French vessels 
have determined that the Squadron ought to go immediately 
to Boston to refit. I am going on board with a solemn pro- 
test against it Adieu 

J Laurens 
Endorsed: Colonel John Laurens 
(no date)— 

10 See Vol II of this Magazine, pp. 271-272; VoL III, p. 16. 


[Continued from the July Number.'] 


Addressed: Major Harleston ^^ 

Dear Major, 

I lierewith send you a per mitt for Lieut*: Brown 
to go to Town, and hope he will soon recover his health. I 
also return you the paper. If there is anything new since 
yesterday do communicate it. If you have occasion to write 
home Gen': Moultrie has a servant who will go that way 
tomorrow & will carry a Letter for you. I forgot to deliver 
you Miss Moultrie's Compts yesterday and to inquire for 
her whether you knew how Miss Ashby Harleston did, and 
whether she had had [break] 11 fro [break] I remain 

Yrs sincerely 

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney. 

Memorandum on hack: Oct°. 11*'^; 1780- 

Ordered That each Officer do in Rotation attend to the 
drawing & distributing of all Rations for the space of one 
Week beginning w*^: Captain Mazyck who will continue to 
Act 'till Thursday next. The Officers will Order the at- 
tendance of their Servants to assist in Conveying the pro- 
visions to Barracks as the most Convenient place to be 
Served out Sickness alone will be an excuse for escaping 
a Tour — when the next Officer in Succession is to Act 

19 The following memorandum is written across the face: "A Ball 
Bees Wax. Enqi-. for Hats— & of whom a Marquis may be bor- 














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[A Return of the 2nd Regiment.] 

Return of the S°. Caro: 2^. Rgt. prisoners of War at Had- 
drells point Oct: 20*^ •• 1780— ^ 

Officers — White Servants Blk Servants — 

Major Harleston — Robert Gamble 

Capts. Mazyck — Toney — 

Warlej — 

Shubrick — Blk boy — Peter. 

Baker — 

Proveaux — Sav^-yer — 

Mason — Cupid — 

Gray — Ferguson 

Lts — Foissin Oliver — 

Kolb— York— 


Frierson Julius — 

Ogier — 

Evans — Peter — 

Legare Lamb 

Dunbar Sparrow 

Hart — Joe- 
Pay Mas'". Gray Tom— 

Lt— Mazvck Robin— 

J: Hart Adjt: 2\ Rgt. 



[A Return of the 2nd Regiment.] 

Retarii of ye So. Car. 2*^. Rgt. prisoners of War at Had- 

drells point— Oct. 28*^. 1780— 

Officers — White Servants Black Servants 

Major Harleston Robert Gamble 

Capts. Mazjck Peter 


Shubrick Peter 


Proveaux , 

Mason Cupid 

Gray Ferguson 

Lts. Foissin Tho^ Oliver 

Kolb York 

Langford ".. 

Frierson Julius 

In Tov^^i Ogier 

Evans Peter 

Legare Lamb . 

Dunbar Jn° Sparrow 

Hart Joe 

Mazyck Robin 

Pay Mas:^^ Gray Tom 


[A Return of the 3rd Regiment.] 

Return of the Olfieers & Servants of the 3'^ S". C'". Regt 
J^ow Prisoners of War at Hadrills Point 29 Oct'". 1780 — 

Lt. Col". Henderson ISTelson a Slave 

Cap^ F. Warley Sick in Town 

Cap*. Smith Peter MGrew soldier 

Cap*. Jo^ Warley present Ja^Swords !>*' Taylor 

Cap*. Goodwyn 

Cap*. Buchanan Sick in Town J u". Campbell soldier 

Cap*. Baker 

Cap*. Farrer Jacob Bruncin Sol 

Cap*. Liddell 

Cap*. Pollard W"\ xMyrack T> 

L*. Goodwyn W'''. Partridge 

L*. Smith Jn". Peterkiii 

L*. MGwire Jo'. Williams 

L\ Cap*. Milling 

Docf. Martin ' Gauld well soldier 

Merry MGwire Adg*. ^^ Reg* 
Jn". C: Smith Capt. 



[A Return of the 1st Regiment.] 

Return of the Officers & Servants of the first Regim*. of 
So. Caro: I^^ov^ 10**^ /80 

Coh C C, Pinckney Toby a Negro 
Capt°. Geo: Turner Isaac Fletcher 

Simeon Theus — 

Boatswain, a Negro 

Joseph Elliott— 

Bacchus- d". 

W"^. Hext— 

Andrew Smith 

Charles Lining — 

Adam Miller 

Sick in T. 

Thomas Gadsden- 

— Jemmy a Negro 


John Hamilton 

3r , 


Tom a Negro 

Sick in Co\ 

John r. Ward 

Hector d^ 

W-". Hazzard 

Cain d^ 

J)\ Town. 

Charles Brown 

Charles d^ 

William Ward 

Billy d''. 

I)", in Town. 

George petrie 

Tom d°. 

James Kennedy 

Gasp: Brownguard 

Not in y" line 

r W". Russell' 
\ James Kenny 

peter Dunwick 

Wexford a Negro 




ipt"^ 1^ Reg* So Car: 

Endorsed: . Retu 


V\ R^ 



[A Return of the 1st Regiment.] 

Weekly Return of the 

clrell's November 

Col: Charles C. Pinckney 
Captains Geo: Turner 
Simeon Theus 
Joseph Elliott 
William Hext 
Charles Lining 
Thomas Gadsden 
Lieut'. Alexander Fraser 
John Hamilton • 
John Peter Ward 
W". Hazzard 
Charles Brown 
William Ward 
George Petrie 
James Kennedy 
James Kennv 
W"^. Rusself 

1^'. Reg*, of So. Carolina at Had- 

Servants Remarks 

Toby (Slaves- 
Isaac Fletcher 
Boatswain (Slave) 
Bacchus (d°) 
Andrew Smith 
Adam Miller 
Jemmy (Slave) Sick in Town 

[ , D^ 

Tom (d^) 

Hector (d".) Sick Country 

Cain (d^) 

Charles (tV.) D\ Town 

Billy (d\) Sick Barracks 

Tom (d".) D^ Town 

Gasfiar Brownguard D°. Barracks 
Wexfofd (Slave) | IN'otintheline 
Peter Dnnwick < but returned 
G Turner 
•Capt" P\ R\ 



[A Mutilated Return of the 1st Regiment.] 

Elliott Bacchus d^ 

Hext And^. Smith 

Lining Adam Miller 

Sick in Town G-adsden Jemmy, Negro 

Lieu*^ Fraser 

Hamilton Tom, ]^egro 

d^ Count^'. J. P. Ward Hector, d^ 

Hazzard Cain — d''. 

Sick in Town Charl. Brown Charles d"". 

W^Ward Billy d^ 

Sick Town George petrie Tom 

Kennedy G. Brownguard 

i W^ Russell P. Dunwick 
\ Ja'. Kenny Wexford — 
G Turner 

Capt" 1^*. R*. So. Caro. 
Subs. 4 absent 

CaptM 4 slaves absent 

Endoi'.^eA: Return Say INTovember 25*'^ 1780 

Waiters ^ Present 

Not in y"" Line 


[IjIEUTenant George Evans to Major Isaac Harleston.] 

Addressed: Major Harleston 
2^ S. C. Reg*. 

Lieut. Evanss Compliments wait on Major Harleston beg 
the favor of his permission to go to Town L*. Evans's Name 
has been upon tbelist at General Moultrie's ever since August 
and has been waiting patiently since for leave but have not 
been able to procure leave the Certilicate will shew my situ- 
ation which L*. E. beg the Major to take notice of — 
[ To he continued in the next number of this magazine.'] 


Communicated by Mr. Lothrop Withington, 30 Little Russell Street, 

W. C. London (including "Gleanings" by Mr. H. F. Waters, 

not before printed) . 

[continued from the JULY NUMBER.] 

James Dunbarr, Doctor of Medicine, sometime in the 
island of Jamaica, presently in Forress. Will 18 May 1743; 
proved 2 August 1743. To prevent discords amongst my 
nearest friends and relations about my effects after my de- 
cease, I nominate and appoint Archibald Dunbarr of Dyke- 
side, my Eldest Brother German, my Executor, Legator, and 
universall intromitor with all my eflects real and personal 
in the Island of Jamaica or elsewhere to pay my debts and 
legacies, vizt: £50 to "Walter Dunbar in South Carolina, 
my second Brother German, and a mourning ring of £5 
value; £40 to George Dunbarr in York Town, Virginia, my 
third Brother German; a mourning ring value £10 to 
Alexander Grant, son to Thomas Grant of Astronomy, now 
in Kingston in Jamaica. "Subscribed these presents upon 
stamped paper at Forras before these witnesses: James 
Dunbarr, Surgeon in Forras, and James Dunbarr, Whig- 
maker there. James Dunbarr witnesses also to the original 
IS'ote, James Dunbarr. Witness James Dunbarr, witness." 

Boycott, 260. 

Ralph Izard of Berkley County in Province of South 
Carolina. Will 13 September 1757; proved 18 May 1763. 
To my son Ealph Izard my plantation whereupon I now 
live called Burton, my land up the Cypress path left me by 
my father; also land left me by my brother Thomas Izard 
called Mount Boone, and my plantation on Cow Savannah 
bought from Dr. Eind, Mr. Queen, and Mrs. Golding; also 
plantation on Combabee river given to me by my father 
and my brother Thomas. To my son Walter Izard my 
plantation on Tomothy Savanna bought from Mr. James 


Deveaux; also lands on Lady's Island left me by my brother 
Thomas. To my daughters Sarah and Rebecca Izard my 
plantation at Woomeraw left me by my father in law Joseph 
Blake Esqre and by my father Walter Izard Esqre. If Mrs. 
Galleghar should be living in my family at the time of my 
decease, £50 to her over and above such wages as may be 
due her. My two houses and two lots of land in Broad 
street, Charlestown, bought from Mr. Manigault and Mr. 
Ruthledge, to my son Ealph, he also to have liberty to take 
my negro dower Joe and all his family at their appraised 
worth. All the rest amongst my children, who are to have 
a liberal education and good upkeep till they are 21. My 
executors to sell to my son Ealph the plate marked R. I. 
Executors and guardians: my Brother in Law Daniel Blake 
and frieods Henry Middleton and Benjamin Smith. "Wit- 
nesses: John Butler, Newman Swallow, Charles Atkins. 

Caesar, 236. 

John Driffill of pon pon in State of South Carolina. Will 
13 February 1789; proved 1 June 1797. To my sister Eliza- 
beth Burks £30, and to the children of my said sister Eliza- 
beth pounds sterling of Great Britain. To my sister 

Mary, married to a man in the 66th Regiment belonging to 
the King of Great Britain, £30. To the children of my said 
sister Mary £30 to each of them. To my nephew Joseph 
Stow £100. To my brother William Driffel all my wearing 
apparel and £50. To my brothers Richard and Thomas 
Driffel and my sister Susan £21 between them. The resi- 
due of my estate between the children of my sisters Eliza- 
beth and Mary. Executors to dispose of my negroes and 
other property not herein willed as they think most advan- 
tageous. Executors: my friends Lewis Morris, Henry Mul- 
holland, William Serjeant. Witnesses: William McKim- 
mey, William Crawford. Exeter, 408. 


George Miller, His Majesty's Consul to the Southern 
States 01 America, vizt: North Carolina, South Carolina, 
and Georgia, heretofore resident at Charleston, but now and 
lately residing at Knightsbridge, County Middlesex. Will 
8 January, 1797, proved 12 February, 1798. All my goods 
and estate, whatsoever and wheresoever situated, to my wife. 
In this bequest are comprehended all sums of money in- 
vested in my name in the Books of the Bank of England or 
any of the Public Funds of Great Britain, all my salary due 
as Consul, share of debt due in North Carolina to James 
Gibson and myself placed in the hands of Mr. Robert Don- 
aldson of Fayetteville for collection, and whatsoever may 
be received by my nephew Mr. David Miller of Williams- 
burg in Virginia from John Cowper, executor of William 
Cowper, who was an executor of Staples Ivy deceased of 
Nansamond County, being a legacy left by him to his neicft 
my late wife Mrs. Peggy Miller. Executors : My wife and 
my brother James Miller, Esqr., in the service of the East 
India Company in the Civil Line. My wife to offer some 
small token of remembrance to my brothers and sisters. To 
our faithful servant Alexander Stewart, 5 guineas. Wit- 
nesses: John Campbell, Eliza: Campbell. Codicil 15 June 
1797. Retracts the bequest made to Alexander Stewart, re- 
questing wife to give him up his note of hand of this day 
for £27 .3s 6d. ^ Walpole, 117. 

John Perry, late of Island of Antigua in America, but 
now of Parish of St. James, Westminster. Will 24 June, 
1708; proved 4 April, 1713. To the Parish of Youghall, 
where I was born. County Cork, Ireland, £300 to buy some 
lands, the rent of which to be distributed every year at the 
Church Door forever amongst such poor people of Youg- 
hall as the Bishop of the Diocese shall designate. To the 
Parish of Christ Church, County Cork, £100 current money 
of Ireland for the same purpose. The sum of £300 to be 
laid out in Antegua for the benefit of Parish of St. John's 
Antigua. To the Governor, Council, and Assembly of said 


Ireland, £300 for the benefit of the Public Treasury. To 
my sister-in-law Mary Perry, relict of my deceased brother 
Samuel Perry, £30 a year for life. To my Sister Anne Os- 
bourne, widow, and her two daughters, Mary Mills and 
Joyce Osbourne, £200 of money of Ireland each. To each 
grandchild of my said sister Osbourne which shall he living 
at my decease (except Jo: Freeman, son of James Freeman, 
to whom I have already given £100) £100 of money of Ire- 
land. To my nephew Samuel Perry, £1000 money of An- 
tegua out of such debts as shall be due to me in that Island. 
To my wife Anne, £100 per annum for life, all household 
stuff, plate, and furniture. To my daughter Anne Perry, 
£2000, being a debt due to me from Major Long of said 
Island, my house in St. John's Parish aferesaid, next to 
Major Long's Plantation, and £500. To my daughter Do- 
rothy Perry, all money due to me from Patrick Brown, late 
of Antigua. To my daughter Elizabeth Perry, ray half of 
the Plantation in the Parish of St. Mary's Antigua and 
£210. To my daughter Mary, all my right to my Planta- 
tion in South Carolina and £500. To my nephew Jonathan 
Perry, son of my Brother Edward Perry, £1000. To my 
Brother Edward Perry, £50 for mourning. To Archibald 
Hutchinson, Esq., £50. Captain John Perne, £10. All the 
rest to my wife and children. Guardians: Archibald 
Hutchinson, Brother Edward Perry, and my wife. Execu- 
tors: my daughters Anne Perry and Dorothy Perrey and 
Brother Edward Perry. Witnesses: Christ Devonsheir, 
John Devonsheir, Christ Devonsheir, junior, all of Bristoll. 

Leeds, 88. 

Thomas Barton of Berkley County, South Carolina. Will 
29 January 1731-2; proved 17 January 1734/5. To my son 
Thomas Barton 150 acres where he now dwelleth, but he is 
to pay a mortgage which lies in the hands of Captain John 
Vandrosse for £650 current money of South Carolina. To 
my beloved son William Barton 150 acres of Land upon the 
Head of the Land. To my beloved son John Barton 150 


acres joyning to my dwelling house, House and all. 1*0 
my son William two [N'egroes Sambo and Saterab by name; 
To my son John two slaves Indian Johnne and Prince. To 
my daughter Ann one J^egro Wench named Lucey and 6 
cows and calves of the plantation Mark. All my estate in 
England which came by the death of My Brother John Bar- 
ton to be divided equally among my four children, Thomas, 
William, John and Anne Barton. Executors: Soris William 
and John Burton. Witnesses: Jonathan Stock, John Baker, 
Jno. Young. 

Ducie, 3. 



Daniel Axtell, a merchant of London, was pjranted lands 
in South Carolina about 1680^ and, upon nomination of John 
Archdale. Esq., was elected a landgrave of Carolina by the 
Lords Proprietors, August 10, 1681.^ He came to South 
Carolina about this time, but died within a year or two,^ his 

1 Carolina ss : pursuant to the Direccons of the Lords prop^^: on this 

behalf you are to admeasure and lay forth unto M^'. 
Daniell Axtell of London March^: one of y« settlers 
of this province three thousand acres of land in som 
Convenient place not yett surveyd. or laid out to any 
other pson or use and if the same happen upon any 
Navigable river or river capable to be made Nav- 
igable you allowe onlie the fifth pte of the Depth 
thereof by the water side and a Certificate fully 
specifying the bounds and scituacon thereof you re- 
turne to us wt'\ all Convenient speed Dated y® 13*^. 
of December 1680 
To Capt Maurice Mathews Joseph West 

Survey generall Will ffuller 

John Smyth 
(Warrant book 1672-1692, p. 196.) 

May 3, 1681, "Daniell Axtell of London M'chant " executed a power 
of attorney to ' ' John Arnold at p^sent in London now bound for Car- 
olina in America " to enable him to sue or collect money due to Axtell 
by "Christopher Smibh and John Fisher or any other psonorpsons in 
Carolina." Nicholas Hay ward, notary; Jacob Waight and Joseph 
Morton, Jr., witnesses. (Records of the governor of South Carolina, 
book 1672-1692, pp. 82-83.) 

2 "PubHc Records of South Carolina" (MS.), Vol. L, p. 12. 

3 By a deed, dated July 31, 1684, John Boddycott conveyed one hun- 
dred acres of land on Ashley River to "Dame Rebecca Axtell the 
relict of the honourable Daniell Axtell one of the Landgraves of the 
province of CaroHna deceased". (Conveyance book, 1683-1688.) 

Daniel Axtell by his will made August 3, 1678, gave his "Eldest 
daughter Sibilla", £500., to be paid to her at twenty-one or marriage; 
gave son, Daniel, a like sum, to be paid him when twenty-one; gave 
daughter, Mary, a like sum to be paid her at twenty-one or marriage; 


SOU, Holland, succeeding him as lands^rave.* 

Lady Hebecca Axtell, widow of Laudgrave Daniel Axtell 
resided at her plantation, Xewington, near the site of the 
present towu of Sumrnerville, for some years subsequent to 
the death of her husband.' September 15, 1705, she was 
granted one thousand acres of land on the north side of 
Ashley River, bounded south by her own lands, east on Ger- 
shom Hawks and Moses Martin, north on James Ford and 
west on John Boisseau and James Ford.^ 

gave son, Holland, a like sum, to be paid when twenty-one; gave 
daughters, Rebecca, Elizabeth and Anne, like sums each at twenty- 
one or marriage; appointed wife, Rebecca, executrix and gave her all 
the remainder of his estate; appointed ''faithfull friends Henry Dan- 
vers Esq'': & M^'. William Benninghton " assistants to his wife. Wit- 
nesses: Ann Cooper, Mary Catchpoull and Sara Hill. (Records of the 
governor of South Carolina, book 1672-1692, pp. 185-186.) 

This will is also recorded in London, where it was proved July 2, 1687. 
It shows that his former place of residence was Stoke *Newington, 
Middlesex, which was a part of London. (See Vol. IV of this maga- 
zine, p. 235.) 

* Carolina ss You are forthwith to Cause to be Admeasured and 

Laid out unto Holland Axtell Esq'^ Landgrave in 

Holland Axtell Charles Towne observeing y^ Rules & Method Already 
a towne Lott established for Laying out sd : Towne and a Certificate 
fully specify the Number & bounds thereof you are to 
Retume to us with all Convenient speed & for yo'" soe 
doeing this shall be yo^: Warrant Dated this 23*^ day 
of f eb^ 1683 4 
To Maj^ Maurice Matthews John Godfrey Joseph Morton 
Surveys Generall Maur: Matthews John Moore 
(Warrant book 1672-1692, p. 291.) 

^ See pages 63, 67, 68, 76 and 77 of the April issue of this magazine, 
e Vol. 38 (copy), p. 498 of abstracts of grants, Sec. of State's office, 



I. Sibilla Axtell. 

II. Daniel Axtell. 

III. Mary Axtell, married — Cuthbert. 

IV. Holland Axtell.^ 

Y. Eebecca Axtell. 

VI. Elizabeth Axtell, m. Francis Turgis (issue), who 
dying^ she next married, in December, 1698, 
Governor Joseph Blake (issue); d. in 1725 or 

VII. Anne Axtell, married John Alexander, and, after 
his death, Joseph Boone.^" 

^ By his will, made December 17, 1691, and proved before Governor 
Ludwell, May 4, 1692, '* Holland Axtell of Carolina Landgrave, " gave 
his mother, Rebecca Axtell, a negro man, named Guy, an Indian boy, 
named Nero, and all his cattle, horses, and ready money not otherwise 
bequeathed; gave brother-in-law, John Alexander, a diamond ring; 
gave brother-in-law, Francis Turgis, two cows, two calves, a mare and 
her colt, and a silver medal; gave sister, Anne Alexander, four silver 
salt cellers; gave sister, Mary Cuthbert £5, to buy a ring; gave Thomas 
Graves a cow and a calf, a pocket pistol and a hone. Witnesses: B. 
Waring, Elizabeth Waring and John Stevens. (Records of the Court 
of Ordinary of South Carohna, book No. 1., 1692-1700, p. 17.) 

* January 13, 1693-7, Elizabeth Turgis, Rebecca Axtell and William 
Cantey executed their bond to Governor Blake for Mrs. Turgis's faith- 
ful execution of her trust as executrix of the estate of Francis Tur- 
gis. Witness: Charles Odingsells. (Ibid, p. 285.) 

^ See Vol. I of this magazine, pp. 156-157. 

'0 Mrs. Poyas ("the Ancient Lady") says {Days of Yore, p. 12) that 
Joseph Boone married Anne, daughter of Governor Blake, but in the 
next paragraph she quotes from Mrs. Boone's will: "I give to my 
beloved nephew, the Hon. Joseph Blake, Esqr., my Dorchester plan- 
tation given me by my mother, called Mount Boone." As this Hon. 
Joseph Blake was the only son of Governor Blake it is hard to see how 
Mrs. Boone could be the daughter of Governor Blake and the aunt of 
his son at the same time. As shown by the records she was the ma- 
ternal aunt of the younger Joseph Blake. (See also p. 82 ante.) 


General Andrew Williamson. — "Yesterday died, at his 
plantation at Horse Savannah, Andrew Williamson, Esq; 
late a Brigadier-General in the service of this State. He 
rendered eminent services to this country in suppressing its 
internal enemies at the beginning of the late war, and com- 
manded on the successful expedition against the Cherokee 
Indians in the year 1776. His excellent endowments as a 
tender and affectionate parent, a sincere friend, and an honest 
man are what makes him no less lamented by his friends 
and family, than regretted by those who revere and admire 
such amiable virtues.^' [More eulogy.] '^ His remains will 
be interred this afternoon from the house of Mr. John Wal- 
ker, in Meeting-street." — The Charleston Morning Post, and 
Daily Advertiser, March 22, 1786. 

Captain George Cogdell. — "Died.] On Thursday last, at 
Georgetown, after a short illness of six days, captain George 
Cogdell, late an officer in the 5th continental regiment of this 
state. "^77?e City Gazette ^ Daily Advertiser, Monday, March 
9, 1792. 

Benjamin Elliott. — " Sunday last died at his plantation 
in St. Paul's Parish, Benjamin ELLiOTT,Esq; much lamented 
by a numerous acquaintance."— TAe Charleston Morning Post 
and Daily Advertiser, Wednesday, January 18, 1786. 

The Estate of a Scholar of Provincial Days.—" To be 
Sold, all the personal estate of the late Doctor Dale, at his 
late dwelling house in Church-street: The sale to begin with 
his Library on tuesday the 22d day of this instant January, 
at 4 o'clock in the afternoon precisely, and to continue every 
afternoon 'till all the said Library is sold, a catalogue of 
which may be seen at Mr. Gordon's, Mrs. Lloyds, and Mrs. 
Woolford's : And on thursday morning at 9 o'clock, the 
slaves, cattle and stock, among whom are several very val- 


uable negroes: And the household goods, on tuesday the 
29th instant. At which times everything will be sold, punc- 
tually to the hours and days mentioned. All persons in- 
debted to the estate of the said Doct. Z)a^6, are desired forth- 
with to pay the same, and all persons having any demands 
on the said estate, are desired to bring them to 

Hannah Dale, Executrix." — 
Postscript to The South- Carolina Gazette, January 7, 1751. 

One OF Dr. Cooper's Witticisms. — "Tom. Cooper, (a 
democrat) now of Northumberland, Pennsylvania,^ formerly 
of Birmingham, England, says 'the federalists read little, 
and know less V— Charleston Courier, Monday, June 18, 

Colonel William Harden.— ''Last Monday died, in 
Prince William's Parish, Indian Land, greatly lamented by 
all who knew him. Col. William Harden, one of the Honor- 
able House of the Senate, and Ordinary for that District. "-— 
The South- Carolina Gazette ^ Public Advertiser, Saturday, De- 
cember 3, 1785. 

The Captured Laurens Papers. — In his narrative of his 
capture while on his way to Holland in 1780 and his im- 
prisonment in the Tower of London {Collections of the South- 
Carolina Historical Society, Vol. I, pp. 18 and 20) Henry Lau- 
rens speaks of ^'a trunk of papers, chiefly waste", which he 
had had put upon board the Mercury, in which he sailed, 
"intending to garble the whole at sea, and preserve the few 
which" he "should think worth saving." He further says 
that when the flag of the Mercury was hauled down to the 
British frigate that these papers were put in a bag and 
thrown overboard, but that the bag was hooked up by the 
British and that later for arranging the papers "the British 
Ministry gave Mr. Galloway, according to report, £500 ster- 
ling, and were at farther expense to bind in rough calf, gild 
and letter them in 18 folio volumes, and afterwards returned 

1 Later of South Carolina. 

Historical Notes. 179 

the whole to Mr. Laurens again." The toUowing interesting 
reference to those papers, which are now in the Laurens 
Collection of the South Carolina Historical Society, w^as 
puhlished in The ^outh- Carolina and American General Gazette 
(Pro-British) of Saturday, December 23, 1780: 

"A correspondent observes, 'There can be no doubt but 
the papers found with Mr. Laurens, and most probably his 
own examination, will give the ministry such knowledge of 
his correspondents in South-Carolina as may be productive 
of very important orders, with regard to the admission or 
nonadmission as subjects, of all such persons on parole as 
have hitherto hesitated, whether they shall wait any longer 
for an opportunity to fight or betray us, or assum^e the ap- 
pearance of loyalty of British subjects.' " 

The First Landgrave Smith's Sec@nd Marriage. — The 
following record of the license and marriage certificate for 
the first Landgrave Smith's second marriage appears on page 
298 of the book of records of the Governor's ofiice for the 
years 1672-1692, where it was "Enterred the 2^ Aprill 1688--" 

Carolina ss— 

James Colleton, Esq Landgrave and Governor': of That part of the 
Province of Carolina that lyes from Cape Feare South and West. 

To M'\ William Dunlopp 

You are hereby Lycenced To joine together in the holy Estate of 
Matrimony These two persons following vizt Thomas Smith Esq and 
Sabina de Vignon Dowager Van wernhaut provided there be noe law- 
full Lett shewne to you to the contrary: Given under my hand and 
Seale at Armes at Charles towne This twentieth day of March in the 
yeare of our Lord One Thousand six hundred Eighty and seaven 
Ano R R^- 4«. 

James Colleton 

Carolina ss. 

These are to certifie to all whome it may concerne That in pursuance 
of a Licence to me directed by the hono^^® James Colleton Land- 
grave and Governo^': of this Province bearing date the Twentieth of 
this instant I have this day joyned in marriage Thomas Smith Esq 
and Sabina de Vignon Dowager Van wern hout In presence of Bernard 
Schenckingh Esq high Sherriffe of Berkley County William Smith 


Thomas Smith James Barbott gentlemen & divers others In Testi- 
mony whereof I have signed these p^'sents this 22 day of March 
168i Will Dunlop 

Signed in p^sence of Us whoe alsoe did see th above Marriage Cel- 

Barnard Schenckingh Thomas Smith Junior James Barbott William 
Smith Anna Cornelia Van Myddagh. 

July 23, 1687, ''hono^^^• James Colleton Landgrave & Gov- 
ernor of that part of the province of Carolina that lyes South 
& West of Cape ffear" granted letters of administration "To 
Sabina Devignon Relict of John L^. Van Aersien Van Wern 
haut", "late of this Province Deced". 

The inventory of the personal estate shows property ap- 
praised at £861. 8. 1. by James Barbott, Abraham Barbott; 
and "Tho: Smith" and is headed: 

"A true and ^fect Inventory of the goods and Chatties 
late belonging to the Lord Van Wern bond deceased in 
Carolina taken and appraised by us whose J^ames are here- 
unto Annexed this 24*^^ October 1687." (Records of the 
Governor of South Carolina, book 1672-1692, pp. 290-292.) 

The Death of General Maxcy Gregg. — The following- 
contemporary newspaper items ^x the time of General 
Maxcy Gregg's death, which is erroneously given in several 
published sketches of him, and show the full text of his 
heroic telegram to Governor Pickens, a portion of which is 
quoted on the tombstone over his grave. Judge Haskell's 
recollection ot the facts verifies the telegram to which his 
name is signed, but Major Harry Hammond claims that the 
telegram sent by General Gregg to Governor Pickens was 
dictated to him (Hammond) and that, according to his recol- 
lection of it, it was different from that which appears in 
The Charleston Mercury: 

"The Remains of Gen. Gregg arrived in Richmond on Monday 
evening, by the 9 o'clock train, and were immediately sent to Colum- 
bia. Governor Pickens sent to the House of Representatives on 
Tuesday morning, before which body it was read, the following tele- 
gram received on Monday night, the 15th, from Gen. Gregg himself. 


It was dictated at 6 p. m, the 13th instant, the day of the battle, and 

near the battle field: 

To His Excellency Governor Pickens: 

'I am severely wounded, but the troops under my command have 
acted as they always have done, and I hope we have gained a glorious 
victory. If I am to die now, I give my life cheerfully for the inde- 
pendence of South Carolina, and I trust you will live to see our cause 
triumph completely. 

'Maxcy Gregg.' " — The 
Charleston Mercury, Thursday, December 18, 1862. 

"The President laid before the Senate the following telegraphic 

'Richmond, December 16, 1862 
'To His Excellency Governor Pickens: 

'Brigadier General Maxcy Gregg died at 5 o'clock on the morning 
of the 15th inst. , near the battle field upon which he fell. His re- 
mains will reach Columbia on the morning of the 18th. 

A. C. Haskell, 
Captain & A. A. G.' "—Pro- 
ceedings of the State Senate published in The Charleston Mercury 
of Saturday, December 20, 1862. 

Manuscripts Wanted. — Members of the Society are re- 
quested to procure for the Society books, maps, portraits 
and manuscripts that will throw light upon the history of 
South Carolina. All gifts will be cared for by the Librarian 
of the Society. Any old letters, land records, or account 
books will furnish material for a student to draw from. 


Thomas Riley McGaean, a member of the South Caro- 
lina Historical Society, died at his residence, N"o. 21 King 
Street, in the city of Charleston on Tuesday afternoon, Sep- 
tember 26, 1905, at 3.45 o'clock. He was born in Madison, 
Georgia, April 19, 1825, his parents being James McGahan 
and Eleanor Riley McGahan, both of whom came to this 
country from Ireland. He received his education in the 
schools of Madison, which at that time was one of the most 
flourishing towns in Middle Georgia. His father died in 1837 
and young McGahan went to Fayette County, Georgia, 
where he engaged in the mercantile business and remained 
until 1849. In that year the "gold fever" struck the coun- 
try and Mr. McGahan was one of the ''forty-niners" who 
went to California in search of gold. He went to ISTew Or- 
leans, from there across the Isthmus of Panama, and thence 
to San Francisco aboard a sailing vessel. He remained in 
California for eighteen months, w^hen his health failed and 
he was advised to go East. He returned to his home in 
Georgia, where he slowly recovered from the strain to which 
his system had been subjected while enduring countless hard- 
ships in the rugged West. After staying a short while at 
his home in Madison County he went to Atlanta and became 
connected with a dry goods house. He remained in Atlanta 
until February, 1858, when he came to Charleston and se- 
cured employment with the clothing house of Samuel C. 
Dunn & Co. He afterwards became connected witli the 
house of Rankin, Pulliam & Co. and remained with that 
establishment until the owners decided to move to New York. 
He then secured employment as a salesman with the Arm of 
Hyatt, McBurney & Company, and later became a member 


of the firm. He remained with this concern until the State's 
Rights War broke out. He enlisted in the Calhoun Guards. 
On account of ill-health he was forced to leave this command 
and then became a blockade runner. He wa^ on the Cecillc 
when she sank and was on the Confederate cruiser i^o./- when 
she ran into Galveston in broad daylight through the Fed- 
eral blockade. 

After the war Mr. McGahan returned to Charleston and 
became connected with the firm of Edwin Bates k Co. In 
1884 the firm's name was changed to McGahan, Bates & Co. 
Later the name was changed to McGahan, Brown & Evans, 
and later the name was again changed lo T. R. McGahan 
& Co. In 1900 Mr. McGahan sold out to the Johnson- 
Crews Co. 

At the time of his death Mr. McGahan was the president 
of the Exchange Banking and Trust Company, a director 
,of the Hibernia Trust and Savings Bank, vice-president of 
the Drake-Inness-Green Shoe Company and vice-president 
of the Standard Hat Company. 

He had been Chairman of the Board of Health for thirty- 
three years. He was an ex-president of the Hibernian So- 
ciety, ex-president of the Chamber of Commerce, in which 
capacity he served about twenty-three years. At one time 
he was a member of the l^oard of Harbor Commissioners. 

He was one of the originators of the Drainage Commis- 
sion movement and brought all of his influence to bear in 
getting the bills through the Legislature. He was also as- 
sociated with Dr. Lawrence, founder of the Isle of Palms. 

He is survived by three children, Dr. Charles F. McGahan, 
of Aiken, S. C, and Bethlehem, K H.; Mrs. Robert A. 
Smythe, of Charleston, and Miss Emma McGahan, of 


Abercrombie (recorder of wills) , 26. 
Abergavenny, Great Britain, 120. 
Abner's Creek, 124. 
Adams, Briant, 99. 
Adams, Elizabeth, 135. 
Adams, John, 154 (3), 155 (2). 
Adams, Philip, 135. 
Adams, William, 65, 74. 

Addis, , 21. 

Addis, Mrs. Ehzabeth (Elder), 21. 

Admon Act Book, 21. 

Agricultural Hall, Charleston, 101. 

Aiken, 101, 183. 

Aiken Junction, 101. 

Ainslie, John, 93 (2). 

Akins, Thomas, 122 (2). 

Alabama, 102, 116. 

Albemarle Point, 135. 

Aldrich, Judge James, 2. 

Alexander (recorder of wills) , 27, 120. 

Alexander, Mrs. Anne (Axtell), 176. 

Alexander, James, 120. 

Alexander, John, 176 (2). 

Allaire, Lieutenant, 84. 

Allen, Andrew, 36. 

Allen, Eleazer, 79. 

Allen, John (So. Ca.), 36. 

Allen, John (Eng.), 23. 

Allston, John, 27. 

Alston, Mrs. Deborah, 116. 

Alston, Mrs. Elizabeth (Turgis) Harris, 

115 (2). 

Alston, Ehzabeth, 116 (2). 

Alston, John, 114-116 ; abstract of will 

of, 116. 
Alston, John, son of above, 116 (3). 
Alston, Mary, 116 (2). 
Alston, Peter, 116 (3). 
Alston, Thomasin, 116 (2). 
Alston, William, of Hammersmith, 

Eng., 114 (5). 
Alston, William, grandson of above, 

116 (3). 

Alstons and Allstons of North and 
South Carolina, The, 116, (2). 

Alva, American Duke of, 145. 

America, 20, 24, 25 (2) , 26 (2) , 27, 28, 
50, 98, 118, 120 (2), 121, 137, 140, 143, 
145, 149, 171 (2), 174. 

American Annals, 69-70. 

American Duke of Alva, 145. 

American Loyalists, 120. 

''Ancient Lady", 176. 

Anderson, 45. 

Anderson, Abraham, 55. 

Anderson, James, 99. 

Anderson, Major Robert, letter of in 
regard to Fort Sumter, 133. 

Anderson Auction Co., 99. 

Annyson, James, 121. 

Annyson, Mrs. Judith, 121 (3). 

Ansonborough, Charles Town, 27, 152. 

Antigua, 43 (2), 171 (3), 172 (3). 

Appeebee Creek, 64. 

Ararat (mountain in N. C. orVa.), 131, 

Archdale, Gov. John, 116, 174. 

Arethusa (frigate), 4. 

Armor, Andrew, 98. 

Army Correspondence of Colonel John 
Laurens, The, 4, 10, 49. 

Arnold, Elizabeth, 126. 

Arnold, J. H. V., 99. 

Arnold, John, 174. 

Arsenal Academy, 44. 

Art in South Carolina (pictures, minia- 
tures, etc.), 124. 

Arthur, Anstace, 122. 

Arthur, Bartholomew, 122 (3). 

Arthur, Mrs. Christian, 122. 

Arthur, Christopher, abstract of will 
of, 122. 

Arthur, Dominick, 122. 

Arthur, Mrs. Katherine, 122. 

Arthur, Patrick, 122. 

Artillery stores, 58. 

Asbury, Bishop, 86. 

Ashby, John, 122. 

Ashepoo, 39 (2). 

Ashepoo River, 30,39. 

Ashington, Eng., parish of, 20. , 

Ashley Ferry, 62. 

Ashley Hall (plantation), 90. 

Ashley River, 62, 63 (4), 65, 68, 69 (3), 
71, 73, 74, 76, 79 (2), 80 (3), 82, 84 (2), 
85, 88, 94, 128, 130, 134 (3), 174, 175. 

Askey, Thomas, 112. 

Astronomy, 169. 

Atkins, Aaron, 135. 

Atkins, Charles, 170. 

Atkins, Ellen, 135. 

Atkins, Joan, 135. 



Atkins, Johannah, 135. 

Atkins, Mary, 135. 

Atlanta, Ga., 182 (2). 

Atlantic Ocean, 152. 

Atlee, John, 22. 

Atlee, Sarah, 22. 

Attorneys (lawyers) in S. C, 39, 117. 

Axtell, Anne, 175, 176. 

Axtell, Landgrave Daniel, 67, 115, 174- 

Axtell, Daniel, son of above, 174, 176. 
Axtell, Daniel (of Sudbury, Mass.), 77, 

78 (2), 86 (2). 
Axtell, Daniel, Jr. , son of above, 86. 
Axtell, Elizabeth, 82, 115, 175, 176. 
Axtell, Landgrave Holland, 175 (3), 176; 

abstract of will of, 176. 
Axtell, Mary, 174, 176. 
Axtell, Lady Rebecca, 67, 68, 71, 76, 77, 

82 (2), 174, 175 (2), 176 (2). 
Axtell, Rebecca, 175, 176. 
Axtell, Sibilla, 174, 176. 
Axtell family of South Carolina, 78, 

Axtell, or Blake, plantation (Newing- 

ton), 63, 176. 
Bacon, Michael, 74 (2) . 
Bacon's Bridge, 19, 63, 73, 74, 80, 82, 

84 (2), 85 (2) 
Bagling, John Marmaduke, 120. 
Baird, Archibald, abstract of will of, 

Baird, William Archibald, 26. 
Baird, Mrs. Winifred, 26 (2), 27. 
Baker, Capt. Jesse, 60, 113, 165. 
Baker, John, 173. 
Baker, Capt. Richard, 16, 19 (2) , 53, 54, 

56, 59, 163, 164. 
Baltimore, Md., 159. 
Bampfield, W. H., 117. 
Bank of England, 22, 26, 171. 
Banks, Charles, 26 (2). 
Barbott, Abraham, 180. 
Barbott, James, 180 (3). 
Barclay, Capt., 159. 
Barn, Edward, 122. 
Barnardiston, Nathaniel, 118 (2). 
Barnet, Mrs. Ann, 35. 
Barnet, George, 35 (2). 
Barnwell, Catherine, 119. 
Barnwell, Hon. J. W., 2 (2). 
Baron, Alexander, 35. 
Baronies, 83, 122. 
Barton, Ann, 173 (2). 
Baiton, John, 173. 

Barton, John (younger) , 172, 173 (3) . 
Barton, Thomas, abstract of will of, 


Barton, Thomas, son of above, 172, 173. 

Barton, William, 172, 173 (2). 

Batchelor, David, 75. 

Bates & Co., Edwin, 183. 

Battersea, Eng., parish of, 27. 

Bay, the, Charles Town, 31, 39. 

Bay, the, Dorchester, 79 (2). 

Bayer, Edward Otto, 43. 

Baylor, Col, regiment of, 108. 

Beale, Othniel, 30 (2). 

Beauchamp, Adam, 30. 

Beaufort, 91, 118, 119. 

Beauregard, Gen. G. T., 41, 134 (2). 

Bee, John, 35. 

Bee, John (another), 31, 40. 

Bee, John, Jr., 32. 

Bee, Mrs. Martha (Hext), abstract of 

affidavit of, 29-30, 31 (2), 40. 
Bee, Mrs. Mary (formerly Mrs. Lough- 
ton), 35. 
Beech Hill, 79, 81 (5), 92. 
Belin, Mrs. Sarah, 116. 
Bellas (recorder of wills), 24. 
Bellinger, Edmund, 124, 125. 
Bellinger, Edmund, Jr., 125. 
Belvidere (plantation), 98. 
Bennington, William, 175. 

Beresford, , 108. 

Beresford, Michael, 39, 40. 
Beresford, Mrs. Susannah (Boone), 39. 
Berkeley County, 29 (2), 40, 80, 115 (2), 

116, 124, 125, 169, 172, 179.. 
Berkley, Humphrey, 121. 
Berkley, Simon, 121. 

Berry, , 6, 106. 

Bethlehem, Eng., 121. 

Bethlehem, N. H., 183. 

Bethlehem, Pa., 132. 

Bigg, Joseph, 23. 

Billings, Nathaniel, 65, 66. 

Birmingham, Eng., 178. 

Blake, Anna, 25 (2), 26. 

Blake, Mrs. Anne (Izard), 24 (2), 25, 26. 

Blake (sic), Anne, 176. 

Blake, Daniel (1731-1780) , 93 (2) , 94 (3) , 

Blake, Daniel (1775-1834), 25 (6). 
Blake, Governor Joseph (-1700) , 68, 69. 

115 (3), 176 (5). 
Blake, Col. Joseph (1700-1751), 82 (2), 

93, 170, 176 (3). 
Blake, Joseph (1769-1865), 24, 25(10). 
Blake, Joseph (17.. -1889), 25. 
Blake, Robert, 25. 
Blake, WilHam (1739-1803), abstract of 

will of, 24-26. 
Blake, William (17.. -1889), 25 (2). 
Blake family, 90. 



Blake, or Axtell, plantation (Newing- 

ton), 63. 
Blakeley, Thomas, 23 (2). 
Blockade runner, 183. 
Bloomburg Square, London, 26. 
Board House (plantation), 25. 
Board of War, Continental Congress, 

Boddycott, John, 174. 

Boisseau, 83. 

Boisseau, John, 175. 

Bold, John, 26(2). 

Bolton (recorder of wills) , 121, 122. 

Bolton Mines Company, 101. 

Boniliet, Marquis de, 12. 

Bonille, Marquis de, 110. 

Boochawee, 64. 

Books mentioned in early So. Ca., 96-97, 

119, 130,177-178 
Boone, Joseph, 82, 176 (2). 
Boone, Mrs Joseph, 82, 176 (2). 
Boone, Sarah, 39. 
Boone, Susannah, 39. 
Boone, William, 39. 
Booshoo, 63, 64, 71 (4), 72(3), 76, 77. 
Booshooee, 63, 66. 
Boshoe Creek, 63, 73, 78. 
Boshoe Swamp, 64. 

Boston, Mass., 66, 68 (2), 70 (2), 109, 
110, 141, 148, 150, 151 (2), 152, 158, 
160 (2) ; bay of, 151. 
Boston (frigate), 148. 
Boulton, Thomas, 32. 
Bourbon, 110. 

Bourdeaux, France, 156. 

Bower, William, 29 (2), 31. 

Bower, WilHam, son of above, 31. 

Boycott (recorder of wills) , 169. 

Boyd, John, 124. 

Boykin, Samuel, 136. 

Bragg, Joseph, 117 (2). 

Brailsford, Dr., 83. 

Brandon, Col. Thomas, 136. 

Branford, John, 83. 

Brecon (town). Great Britain, 119. 

Brecon, county. Great Britain, 119 (3) , 

Breses, Samuel, 125. 

Brest, France, 156. 

Bridwell, Eng., hospital of, 121. 

Brice (ship), 97. 

Bridgeport, Mass., 68, 77. 

Bristol, Eng., 97, 172. 

Bristol, Mass., 86. 

Britaigne, Marquis, 140. 

British Army, 108. 

British Ministry, 8. 

Britishe, Mrs. EHzabeth, 124. 

Broad Path, 77, 79. 

Broad River, 131. 

Broad Street, Charles Town, 170. 

Broadway, Lewis, 99. 

Brodripp (recorder of wills), 117. 

Brooks, Joshua, 65, 66. 

Broughton, Alexander, 27. 

Brown, Charles, 112, 161, 162, 166, 167, 

Brown, Patrick, 172. 
Brown, Col. Thomas, 42. 
Browne (recorder of wills), 122. 
Browne, Elizabeth, 27. 
Brownguard, Caspar, 112, 162, 166, 167, 

Brunson, Isaac, 75, 
Brunson, Jacob, 60, 113, 165. 
Brunson, Joseph, 75. 
Brunton, Eng., 20. 
Bryan, Hugh, Jr., 119. 
Bryan, Jonathan, 32. 
Bryan, Mrs. Mary (Bower), 31 (2). 

Buchanan, , 34. 

Buchanan, Capt. John, 60,- 113, 165. 

Buchanan, John, 33. 

Buchanan, Mary, 33. 

Buchanan, Mrs. Sarah (Hext), 34 (2). 

Buchanan, Sarah, 33, 34. 

Buck Creek, 125. 

Buer, Thomas, 38. 

Bull, Mr., strange story of, 130-132. 

Bull, John, 124. 

Bull, Stephen, 136. 

Bull, Lieutenant-Governor William, 

(1710-1791), 31, 34, 127. 
Bull, William Izard, 90. 
Bull family of South Carolina, 132. 
BuUine, John, 35. 
Buncker, Catharine, 123. 
Burgoyne, Gen., 10, 11. 
Burke, Thomas, 118 (2). 
Burks, Mrs. Ehzabeth, 170 (2). 
Burlington, Elizabeth, 117. 
Burlington, Thomas, 117. 
Burr, William, 122. 
Burton (plantation), 82 (2), 169. 
Burton, James, 124 (2). 
Butler, John, 170. 
Butler, Major Pierce, 6. 
Butler, William, 33. 
Byron, Enghsh naval officer, 109. 
Cacaw Swamp, 30. 
Caesar (recorder of wills) , 170. 
Caldwell, John, 60, 113, 165. 
Calf Pin (plantation) , 25, 
Calhoun Guards, 183. 
California, 182 (2). 



Calvert (recorder of wills), 27, 28, 118, 

Camden, 136. 

Campbell, Eliza, 171. 

Campbell, John, 60, 113, 165. | 

Campbell, John (another), 171. 

Canada, 48. 

Canterbury, Prerogative Court of, 28. 

Cantey, John, 80. 

Cantey, Wilham, 176. 

Cape Fear, 179, 180. 

Cape Finisterre, 4. 

Cape Ortugal, 4. 

Capers, William, 16, 19, 59. 

Carhle, Mrs. Susannah, 125. 

Carolina, 25, 27, 29 (2), 51, 63, 65 (2), 
66 (6), 67, 69 (3), 70 (2), 73, 74 (2), [ 
77, 78, 82, 91, 114, 115 (2), 122, 131, 
134, 144, 146, 151, 174 (5), 175, 176, 179 ' 
(2), 180 (2); paper currency of, 88, ! 
122; Oldmixon's History of , 30. j 

Carolina, the, 135. | 

Carolina in the Olden Time, 89. i 

Carolinas, the, 130. 

Carroll, B. R., Historical Collections of \ 
South Carolina by, 30. i' 

Carroll. Chancellor J. P., 134. 

Carter, John, 33. i 

Cassell, James, 26, 27. j 

Cassique, 63. I 

Catchpoul, Mary, 175. .1 

Cattell, Wilham, 93. 

Cecille, the, 183. J 

Cedar Grove (plantation), 82. 

Cest, William, 124. 

Chalmers, Lionel, 35. 

Chamber of Commerce, Charleston, 183. . 

Chamberlain, Job, 74. 

Champneys, John, 32. 

Chapman, Wilham, 60. 

Chappell, Hicks, 99. 

Chardin, George, 123. i 

Charing Cross, 21, 22. I 

Charles II., 29 (2). 

Charles Town (changed to Charleston in 
1783), 3, 6, 16, 17, 23, 27, 28, 30 (2), 
31, 32, 34 (2), 35, 36 (2), 37, 39, 40, 42, 
43, 51, 59, 67, 68 (3) , 69, 70, 79 (3) , 83 
(3), 84 (2), 85 (3), 105-6, 111,114(2), 
117 (3), 120, 121 (2), 123 (3), 124, 127 
(2), 134, 135, 140, 145, 147 (2), 149, 
150, 151 (2), 152, 153, 156, 170, 175, 
179; Commissioner of Market and 
Workhouse of, 36; first fire engines 
of, 41; great fire of 1740 in, 136; the 
old town of, 134; founding of the new 
town of, 134. 

Charles Town (Charleston after 1798) 
District, 28; Ordinary of, 28 (2). 

Charleston (Charles Town prior to 1783) . 
26, 28, 41, 44 (3), 45, 62, 89, 101 (2 
102, 128, 171, 182 (2), 183 (3); High 
School of, 101; Board of Health of, . 
183; Chamber of Commerce of, 183; 
the beginning of, 134; story of a negro 
in an iron cage in, 132. 

Charleston Country Club, 98. 

Charleston County, Probate Court rec- 
ords of, 30 (2), 32, 33 (2), 34 (3), 35, 

38 (3), 39 (2), 40, 115, 120, 127, 130; 
Mesne Conveyance records of, 35, 36, 
64; Drainage Commission of, 183. 

Charleston Courier, 96, 134, 178. 

Charleston Harbor, 41; Board of Com- 
missioners of, 183. 

Charleston Library Society, 27, 97. 

Charleston Mercury, The, 134, 180. 
181 (2). 

Charleston Mining and Manufacturing 
Company, 101. 

Charleston Morning Post, and Daily 
Advertiser, The, 111 (2). 

Charleston Neck, 25. 

Charterhouse Yard, London, 121. 

Chastaigner, Daniel, 75. 

Chatham, 62. 

Chatham, the Earl of, 97-8. 

Cherokee Indians, 177. 

Cheves, Langdon, 2, 130. 

Chester, Pa., 107. 

Chew house. Pa., 5. 

Chicken, Capt. George, 79. 

Childsbury, 62. 

China, Susan Emma, 102. 

Chorley, Eng., 26. 

Christ Church, Ireland, parish of, 171. 

Christ Church Parish, 40; register of, 

39 (3), 40, 112. 
Christie, Henry, 39. 
Church Acts, 30, 79. 

Church Street, Charles Town, 177. 

Churches in South Carolina. 66, 67, 68, 
76, 77, 80, 81, 86, 88. 

Circular Church (Congregational), 
Charleston, 67. 

Citadel Academv (South Carolina Mili- 
tary Academy) , 44 (2) , 45, 97. 

City Gazette & Daily Advertiser, The, 
40, 41, 98, 136 (3), 177. 

City Hospital, Charleston, 101 (2) ; Board 
of Commissioners of the, 101. 

Civil Service Commission, 46. 

Clapp, Gilison, 79. 

Clarke, Jonathan, 74. 

Clarkson, Anthony, 43 (2). 



Clase, Mary, 124. 

Clemson Agricultural and Mechanical 
College, 97. 

Clerkley, Timotl-y, 43. 

Cleveland, President, 45, 46. 

Cleveland, Hon. John B., 2. 

Clinton, Sir Henry, 83, 108. 

Coates, Samuel, 120. 

Coats, George, 34. 

Cobham, Henry, 123. 

Cobia, Francis, 18. 

Cobley, Jemmitt, 117. 

Cochran, Dr., 107. 

Cochran, John, 38. 

Cogdell, Capt. George, 177. 

Coke, Joseph, 34. 

Colans, Hon. John, 26. 

Colcock, Prof. C. J., 2. 

Cole's Island, 90. 

Collections of the South Carolina His- 
torical Society, 63, 178. 

College Hill, London, 27. 

Colleton, Gov. James, 179 (3), 180. 

Colleton Barony, 84. 

Colleton County, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34, 36, 
37, 38, 39. 

Colhns, Capt. Richard, 98. 

Columbia, 44 (2), 45 (2), 175, 180, 181. 

Columbia Male Academy, 44. 

Combahee River, 169. 

Commissioners of Fortifications, 130. 

Committee of Twenty-One (Charleston, 
1813), 41. 

Concord, Mass., 65 (2). 

Condy, John, 38. 

Confederate cruiser, 183. 

Confederate States, 101 ; flag of, 133- 

Congaree River, 64. 

Congarees, 99 (2). 

Congregational Church, Charles Town, 

Congregational Church, Dorchester, 76, 
77, 81 (2), 88, 91-93. 

Connecticut, 145. 

Continental Congress, 3, 94, 140, 141, 
142, 144, 145 (2), 148, 150, 152, 153, 
154, 155, 157. 

Continental Establishment (army), 5, 
42, 96, 109, 147; records of the regi- 
ments of the South Carolina Line of 
the, 13-19, 53-61, 111-113, 161-1.68; 
Surgeon General of the forces of the, 
in South Carolina, 82; Hospital ser- 
vice of the, 107. 

Continental Navy, 150, 151. 

Conway, Gen., 49 (2). 

Conway, Mary, 120. 

I Cooke, Philip, 122. 

Coon, Conrad, 99. 
i Coon, Lewis, 99. 

Cooper, Ann, 175. 

Cooper, Dr. Thomas, 178; Statutes at 
Large of South Carolina edited by, 30. 

Cooper River, 84. 

Coosawhatchie Creek, 117. 

Copahee, 64. 

Coram, Thomas, 28 (2). 

Corbett, Thomas, 111. 

Cordall, Mrs. Mary (Hill), 120. 

Cordall, WilHam, 120. 

Corgill, Cornelius, 124. 

Cork, Ireland, county, 171 (2). 

Corker, Thomas, 123. 

Cornwallis, Lord, 131 (2). 

Cotton Mill, 101. 

Council of Safety, 82, 83, 91 (4) , 94, 99, 

Counterfeiting, 149. 

Courier, The Charleston, 96, 134, 178. 

Courstiel, Peter, 38. 

Covent Garden, Eng., parish of, 20, 22. 

Cow Savannah, 269. 

Cowper, John, 171. 

Cowper, William, 171. 

Crane, Joshua Eddy, 68, 77. 

Craven County, 98, 124 (4) . 

Crawford, William, 170. 

Crevecoeur, Hector St. John de, an inci- 
dent from the works of, 136-132. 

Cripps, Mrs. Joanna, 20. 

Cripps, WiUiam, 20. 

Crokatt, Charles, 122. 

Crokatt, James, 121, 122. 

Crokatt, John, abstract of will of, 121- 

Crooked Hill (plantation), 25. 

Crosbie, John, abstract of will of, 121. 

Croskeys, Joseph, 35. 

Crosse, Matthew, 135. 

Crowter, Mrs. Ann (Elder), 21 (2), 23. 

Croxton, Elizabeth, 40. 

Culpeper, John, 134 (2). 

Curtis, Mr., 69. 

Custer, James, 103, 105. 

Cuthbert, , 176. 

Cuthbert, Mrs. Mary (Axtell), 176. 

Cuzach, Capt., 136. 

Cypress (plantation), 25. 

Cypress Barony, 122 (2). 

Cypress Path, 169. 

Cypress Swamp, 83 (2). 

Daken, Simon, 65, 66. 

Dalby, WilHam, 121. 

Dalcho, Dr. Frederick, 89. 

Dale, Mrs. Hannah (Simons), 178. 



Dale, Dr. Thomas, 177-178. 

Dan River, 131. 

Danforth, Rev. Mr., 69, 70 (2). 

Daniell, Robert, 27. 

Danvers, Henry, 175. 

Darquier, Moses, 38. 

Dart, Mrs. Amelia (Hext), 35 (2), 37, 

Dart, Benjamin, 35, 37 (2). 
Davice, Mr., 18. 
Davies, James, 98. 
Davies, John, 125. 
Davis, William, 120. 
Dawson,. James, 120. 
Dawson, John, 94. 
Days of Yore, 176. 
de Brahm, Major J. Ferdinand, letter of 

to Major Harleston, 13-14. 
DeVeaux, Andrew, 124. 
DeVeaux, James, 169-70. 
DeVeaux, John Palmer, 119 (2) . 
de Vignon, Sabina, 179 (2), 180. 
Deane (frigate), 148. 
Deane, Silas, 142, 143, 145. 
Deanites, 142. 
Dearing, J. L., 134. 
Dee, Mrs. Elizabeth (the elder), 20 (3), 

22, 23 (3), 24. 
Dee, Elizabeth, daughter of above, 20, 

21, 22 (2), 23. 
Dee, Elizabeth (another), 21. 
Dee, Mary, 23. 

Dee, Sibylla, 20, 21, 22 (2), 23 (2), 24. 
Deer Creek, 30. 
Dehon, W. Russell, 127. 
Deighton, Mass., 78, 86. 
d'Estaing, Count, 154, 156, 159, 160. 
Devonshier, Christopher, 172. 
Devonshier, Christopher, Jr., 172. 
Devonshier, John, 172. 
Devor, Charles, 99. 
Devoul, Lewis, 124. 
Dewar, Robert, 82 (2). 
d'Harriette, Benjamin, 30 (2). 
Dickenson, Mrs. Sybilla, 23. 
Dickinson, Mr., 145. 
Diston, Thomas, 80, 94. 
Dobson, Matthew, 26. 
Doctors (surgeons), 16 (2), 19 (2), 37, 

42, 53 (2), 59 (2), 60, 113, 165, 169, 

Dodington, George, 121, 
Doggett, Ann, 27. 
Doggett, Benjamin, 27. 
Doggett, Elizabeth, abstract of will of, 

Dominica, Island of, 110. 
Donaldson, Robert, 171. 

Donnom, Margaret, 38. 

Dorchester, 176; the history of, 62-95, 

Dorchester, Mass., 65 (2), 67, 68; rec- 
ords of the first church at, 65 (2) , 66, 

67, 69. 
Dorchester Creek, 63 (3) , 84. 
Dorsetshire, Eng., 29 (2), 30. 
Douglas, Thomas, 60. 
Down, county, 120. 
Downs, Mr., 156. 
Dowse, Stephen, 76. 
Drake-Inness-Green Shoe Co., 183. 
Draper, Sir William, K. C. B.. 97, 98. 
Drayton, John, View of South Carolina 

by, 96 (2). 
Drayton, Hon William Henry, 145. 
Driffill, John, abstract of will of, 170. 
Driffill, Mary, 170 (3). 
Driffill, Richard, 170. 
Driffill, Susan, 170. 
Driffill, Thomas, 170. 
Driffill, William, 170. 
DuPlessis, Chevallier Mauduit, 47, 48, 

DuPont, Josiah, Lt.-Col. Henderson's 

letter to, 18. 
Ducie (recorder of wills) , 173. 
Duffield, Mr., 153. 
Dunbar, Capt., 19, 159. 
Dunbar, Lieutenant, 53, 54, 56, 163, 164, 
Dunbar, Archibald, 169. 
Dunbar, George, 169. 
Dunbar, Dr. James, abstract of will of, 

Dunbar, Dr. James (another) , 169. 
Dunbar, James, (wig-maker), 169. 
Dunbar, Walter, 169. 
Duncan Creek, 124. 

Dunlap (newspaper publisher) , 145, 149. 
Dunlop, WilHam, 179, 180. 
Dunn & Co., Samuel C, 182. 
Dunwick, Peter, 162, 166, 167, 168. 
Duponceau, Mr., 140. 
Durant, Mr., 33. 

Durst, , 139. 

Durston Hill, Eng., 22. 

Duty to Man (Patrick), 119. 

Dykeside, 169. 

Dyson, Elizabeth, 119. 

Eagle, Richard, 63. 

Eagle's Creek, 63, 84. 

Easom, John, 99. 

East, 182. 

East Fifty-third Street, New York City, 

East Florida, 42. 
East India Company, 171. 



Eastern States, 151, 154. 

Eberson, William, 38. 

Edgefield County, 136. 

Edinburgh, Scot., 121, 122. 

Edings, Abraham, 32. 

Edisto Island, 35. 

Edmunds (recorder of wills), 120, 

Education (schools, teachers, etc.), 33, 
39, 40, 80, 93-95, 101, 119, 170. 

Edwards, Admiral, 158, 159. 

Edwards, John, Col. Thomas Neel's let- 
ter to, 98. 

Egremont, Right Honorable George, 
Earl of, 20. 

Elder, Ann, 21, 23. 

Elder, David, 21. 

Elder, Elizabeth, 21. 

Elder, Jane, 21. 

Elder, Mary, 21. 

Elder, Thomas, abstractof will of, 20-24. 

Elder, Thomas, cousin of above, 21 (2) . 

Elder, Thomas, son of above, 21 (2) , 23. 

Elder, Thomas, son of above, 21 (2), 23. 

Elder, Thomas, son of Weedon, 23. 

Elder, Weedon, 21 (3), 23. 

Elder, WiUiam, 21 (2). 

Elder coat-of-arms, 24. 

Ellery, Thomas, 40. 

Ellicott, Joseph, 30. 

Elliot, Samuel, 43. 

Elhott, Benjamin, 177. 

Elliott, Joseph, 33. 

ElHott, Capt. Joseph, 112, 162, 166, 167, 

Ellis, Margaret, 119. 

Elliston & John Perot, 159. 

Emerson, L. A., 87. 

Emra, James, 43. 

England, 3 (2), 12, 26 (2), 29 (3), 41, 
156, 159, 173, 178; Church of , in South 
Carolina, 67, 79, 80, 88, 89, 119; Bank 
of, 22, 26, 171; South Carolina Glean- 
ings in, 20-28, 117-125, 169-173. 

Enghshbirth, Samuel, 123. 

Enoree River, 124 (2). 

Etheridge, Mrs. Ann, 32. 

Etheridge, Elizabeth, 32 (2). 

Europe, 3, 12. 

Eutaw Springs, battle of, 84. 

Evans, George, 16, 17, 19, 53, 54, 56, 59, 
94, 163, 164; letter of to Major Isaac 
Harleston, 168. 

Evans, Capt. Rowland, 119. 

Exchange Alley, London, 21, 22, 24. 

Exchange Banking and Trust Co., 183. 

Exeter (recorder of wills) , 170. 

Fair Lawn Barony, 84. 

Fair Spring (plantation), 82 (2), 85 (2). 

Fairbeard, Anthony, 23. 
Fairchild, Secretary C. S., 45, 46. 
Fairfield, Ct., 145. 
Fairley, Col. John S., 101. 
Fairy (sloop-of-war) , 158, 159. 
Falmouth, Eng., 148. 
Farley, Francis, 43. 
Farrar, Capt. Field, 60, 113, 165. 
Faust, Burrell, 99. 
Faust, WilHam, 99. 
Fayette County, Ga., 182. 
Fayetteville, N. C, 171. 
Fear, Cape, 179, 180. 
Fearn, Edward, 22, ,23. 
Fenwick, Edward, 34. 
Fenwicke, Robert, 77, 78 (4), 87. 
Fenwicke, Sarah, 40 (3). 

Ferguson, , 163, 164. 

Ferguson, Capt., 134 (2). 

Ferguson's Loyal American Regiment, 

Fermoy, Gen., 9. 
Fincastle, Va., 131. 
Finisterre, Cape, 4. 
Finnie, Col., 144. 

Fire Engines, Charleston's first, 41. 
First South Street, Summerville, 87. 
Fisher, Rev. Hugh, 74. 
Fisher, John, 174. 

Fisk, William, abstract of will of, 123. 
Flags of Fort Sumter, 133-134. 
Fleet Street, London, 24, 25. 
Fletcher, Isaac, 112, 162, 166, 167. 
Fleury, Col., 51, 140, 141 (4), 142, 143. 
Floating battery, 41. 
Florida, 42. 

Flower, Joseph Edward, 117. 
Floyer, Blanch, 120. 
Foard, Henry, 20. 
Foard, James, 20. 
Foissin, Peter, 16, 19 (4), 53, 54 (2), 56, 

59, 163, 164. 

Ford, , 83. 

Ford, James, 175 (2). 

Forress, 169 (3). 

Fort at Dorchester, 127-130. 

Fort Lyttelton, 91. 

Fort Mcintosh, Ga., capture of in 1777, 

Fort Mifiiin, 9, 10. 
Fort Moultrie, 13, 17. 
Fort Sumter, 133-134. 
Fort Washington, 3. 
Foster's Creek, 64 (2). 
Fountaine, Susannah, 123. 
Fourth South Street, Summerville, 73. 
Fox (cruiser), 183. 
Fox, George, 65, QG. 



France, 4, 8, 10, 106,110. 

Franklin, Benjamin, 3, 8, 103. 

Frankling, Susannah, 119. 

Fraser, Alexander, 112, 166, 167, 168. 

Fraser, Charles, 96. 

Fraser, James, 120. 

Freeman, James, 172. 

Freeman, Joseph, 172. 

Freer, Solomon, 127 (2). 

French Protestant (Huguenot) churches, 

Charleston, 67; Goose Creek, 76-7. 
French fleet serving in American wa- 
ters, 1779, 150, 154, 156, 160. 
French squadron serving in American 

waters, 1778, 110. 
French West Indies, 3. 
Frey, Baron, 7, 8, 10. 
Frierson, John, 16, 17, 53, 54, 56, 163, 

Froome, Eng., 31. 
Fry, Mary, 29. 
Finley, John, 124. 
Fuller, William, 174. 
Fuser, Lt.-Col. Valentine, 41, 42. 
Gadsden, Capt. Thomas, 28. 112, 162, 

166, 167, 168. 
Galleghar, Mrs., 170. 
Galloway, Mr., 178. 
Galveston, Texas, 183. 
Gamble, Robert, 163, 164. 
Gardner, Major, 149. 
Gates, Gen. Horatio, 49 (2), 148. 
Gaultier, Henry, 121. 
Gazette, London, 42. 
Gazette, The South- Carolina, 31, 35, 36 
(2), 41, 42, 98, 135, 136, 178; Marriage 
Notices in, 41. 
Gazette of the State of South- Carolina, 
., The (successor of above), 36, 42. 
Gazette, The South- Carolina and Ameri- 
can General, 4, 41, 98, 179. 
Gazette; And Country Journal, The 

South- Carolina, 37, 42. 
Gazette & Daily Advertiser, The City, 

40, 41, 98, 136 (3), 177. 
Gazette & Public Advertiser, The South- 
Carolina, 178. 
Geiger, Jacob, 86 (2). 
Geiger, Michael, 86 (2) . 
General Clinch, the, 134. 
George II., 37. 

George Street, Charleston, 27. 
George Street, Dorchester, 79. 
Georgetown, 83, 96. 

Georgia, 27, 41, 42 (4), 68, 70, 81 (2), 
88, 96, 105, 130, 137, 151, 154 (2), 171, 
182 (4). 
Germantown, 78 (2). 

Germantown, Pa., 5, 9, battle of , 4-5. 

Germany, 143. 

Gerry, Elbridge, 157. 

Gervais, Hon, John, Lewis, 140 (2), 143, 

144, 146, 147, 148, 153 (2), 155, 156 . 

Gibbes, John, Jr., 33. 
Gibbes, Robert, 27. 
Gibbes, William, 33. 
Gibralter, 110. 
Gibson, Benjamin, 99. 
Gibson, Gilbert, 99. 
Gibson, Gilbert, of Congarees, 99. 
Gibson, James, 171. 
Gibson, John, 99. 
Gilbert, Nathaniel, 43. 
Gilbertson, Mr., 69. 
Gildersleeve, Rev. Dr., 70. 
Gill, Mrs. Eleanora (Dee), 20-1, 22, 

Gill, John, 21, 22. 
Gill, John, son of above, 22, 24. 
Girard, Mons., 153 (2). 
Glasgow, Scot., 148, 149. ' 
Glen, Gov. James, 39. 
Glover, Judge T. W., 134. 

Godfrey, , 31. 

Godfrey, Mrs. Ameha (Hext), 32. 
Godfrey, John, 134, 136, 175. 
Godfrey, Mary, 30. 
Godfrey, Robert, 30, 39. 
Golden Square, London, 22. 
Golding, Mrs., 169. 
Gommell, Richard, 118. 
Gommell, Robert, 118. 
Gommell, William, 118 (2). 
Goodman's Fields, Eng., 120. 
Goodwyn, John, 60, 113, 165. 
Goodwyn, Capt. Robert, return of 

company of, 99-100. 
Goodwyn, Capt. Uriah, 60, 113, 165. 
Goose Creek, 64, 74, 79, 84. 
Gordon, Mr., 177. 
Gordon, Lieut. Alexander, 21. 
Gordon, Mrs., wife of above, 21. 
Gordon, Rev. Alexander, son of above, 

21 (2). 
Gordon, Alexander, 118. 
Gordon, James, 26. 
Gordon, Mrs. Jane (Elder) , 21 (2. Called 

''Isaac" the second time). 
Gorst, Edward, 26. 
Gorst, James, 26. 
Gorst, John, 26 (3). 
Gorst, or Chaddocke Gorst, Mrs. Mary 

(Lowndes), 26. 
Gorst, or Chaddocke Gorst, Robert, 26. 
Gorst, Septimus, 26. 



Gorton, Abraham, 74. 
Governor's Guards, 44 (2). 

Graham, , 147. 

Grand Council, 63. 

Granitevilie, 101 (3). 

Graniteville Academy, 101. 

Grant, Gen., 108. 

Grant, Governor (of East Florida), 42. 

Grant, Alexander, 169. 

Grant, Thomas, 169. 

Granville County, 40, 117 (2), 118. ' 

Graves, Thomas, 75, 176. 

Gray, Mrs. Ann, 123. 

Gray, Henry, 123. 

Gray, Henry, 16, 53, 163, 164. 

Gray, Capt. Peter, 15, 16 (2), 53,54, 56, 

59, 163, 164. 
Gray, Thomas, 134. 
Gray's Inn Square, London, 26. 
Great Britain, 25 (2), 26, 27, 30,31, 32 

(2), 37, 117, 170 (2), 171. 
Greene, Daniel, Jr., 30. 
Greene, Gen. Nathanael, 84. 
Greene, Mrs. Sarah, 30. 
Greenville, 45. 
Greenville District, 44. 
Greenwich, Eng., 21 (2), 23 (2). 
Greenwich Hospital, Eng., 121. 
Greenwood, 102. 
Greenwood, William, Jr., 125. 
Gregg, Gen. Maxcy, 180-181. 
Grimball, John, 89. 
Grimke, Lt.-Col. John F., 57, 58, 59. 
Groves, Dr. Joseph A., 116 (2). 
Guerard, E. P., 87. 
Guffell, John, 115. 
Guilford, Ireland, 120. 
Guy, Rev. William, 126. 
Haddrell's Point (now Mt. Pleasant), 

17, 61, 111, 112, 162, 163, 164, 165, 167. 
Halifax, N. S., 110, 151. 
Hall, Capt. Thomas, 16, 19; letter of to 

Major Isaac Harleston, 111. 
Hamilton, Alexander, 139, 148. 
Hamilton, Archibald, 31. 
Hamilton, John (1695), 116. 
Hamilton, John (another), 31. 
Hamilton, John (another), 112, 162, 166, 

167, 168. 
Hamilton, Martha, 31. 
Hamilton, Paul, 31 (2), 39. 
Hamilton, Paul, son of above, 31, 34. 
Hamm, Jack, 149. 
Hammersmith, Eng., 114 (2). 
Hammerton, John, Jr., 120. 
Hammett, Thomas, 117. 
Hammond, Major Harry, 180 (2). 
Hampton, Col. Wade, 84. 

Hanahan, Sarah, 127. 

Handande, Peter, 125. 

Handes, Richard, 121. 

Hprd, Belle Yoe, 102. 

Hard, Benjamin Curtis, 101. 

Hard, Benjamin Curtis (younger) , 102. 

Hard, Emma Lee, 102. 

Hard, Frances Lucille, 102. 

Hard, Frank Yoe, 102. 

Hard, Gertrude Sybil, 102. 

Hard, Henry Craig, 102. 

Hard, Julian Adams, 102. 

Hard, William D., obituary sketch of, 

Harden, Col. Wilham, 178. 

Harding, Ann, 27. 

Harding, Elizabeth, 27. 

Hardy, Sir Charles 156 (2) . 

Hare Court, London, 22. 

Harleston, Ann (1719-1740), 122. 

Harleston, Ashby, 161. 

Harleston, Major Isaac, 17, 18, 53, 55 
(2), 163, 164; Major Ferdinand de 
Brahm.'s letter to, 13-14; Capt. Alex- 
ander McQueen's letter to, 57; Lt.- 
Col. Wm. Henderson's letter to, 58 
Gen. Benj. Lincoln's letter to, 59 
Capt. George Turner's letter to 61 
Capt. Thomas Hall's letter to. 111 
Col. C. C. Pinckney's letter to, 161 
Lieut. George Evans's letter to, 168. 

Harleston, John (-1738), 122 (2). 

Harris, Mrs. Ehzabeth (Turgis), 115 (2). 

Harris, John, 115 (4) ; abstract of will 
of, 115. 

Harrison, President Benjamin, 46. 

Harrison-Tyler administration, 44. 

Hart, Lieutenant, 19, 23, 54, 56, 59, 163, 

Hart, J., 163. * 

Hartstine, Commodore, 134. 

Harvey, Ann, 26, 

Harvey, William, 119. 

Haskell, Judge A. C, 180, 181. 

Hawke (brigantine) , 43. 

Hawks, Gershom, 77, 78 (3), 86 (2), 87 
(2), 175. 

Hawks, John, 72, 75. 

Hawks, Moses, 87. 

Haynes, Joseph, 60. 

Hayward, Nicholas, 174. 

Hazzard, William, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 

Head of the Land, 172. 

Heath, Benjamin, 118. 

Heather, John, 20. 

Heatly, Charles, 99. 

Heaton, John, 118. 

Hell Gate, N. Y., 132. 



Henderson, Lt.-Col. William, 113, 165; 
letter of to Josiah DuPont, 18; letter 
of to Major Isaac Harleston, 58. 

Hessians, 9, 

Hewat, Rev. Alexander, D. D., 96 

Hewell, Great Britain, parish of, 120. 

Hext, Alexander (-1741), 30, 31, 36. 

Hext, Alexander, son of Francis, 30, 

33 (6) , 34 (4) ; abstract of will of, 34. 
Hext, Amelia, dau. of Hugh, 31. 
Hext, Amelia, dau. of David, 37. 
Hext, Amias, 31 (2), 32, 38; abstract of 

will of, 38-39. 
Hext, Amias, son of above, 31, 32, 39 (4). 
Hext, Mrs. Ann, 35 (2), 37 (2). 
Hext, Ann, 38 (3). 
Hext, David, 31 (2), 32 (4), 33, 35-36, 

37 (3), 40. 
Hext, Da\id, son of Francis, 33 (7), 

34 (5). 

Hext, David (another, died 1759), 37; 
abstract of v/ill of, 37-38. 

Hext, Edward, 30, 40 (2); abstract of 
will of, 31-32. 

Hext, Edward (another), 38 (3); ab- 
stract of will of, 38. 

Hext, Mrs. Elizabeth (Stanyarne), 33. 

Hext, Mrs. Ehzabeth (Arnold), 126, 127. 

Hext, Elizabeth, dau. of David, 35 (3), 

Hext, Ehzabeth, dau. of Thomas, 126, 

Hext, Elizabeth, dau. of 2d. Francis, 
33 (2). 

Hext, Ehzabeth, dau. of younger Ed- 
ward, 38. 

Hext, Esther, 126. 

Hext. Francis, 31 (2), 32 (4), 39; ab- 
stract of will of, 32-33. 

Hext, Francis, son of above, 33 (3) ; 
abstract of will of, 33-34. 

Hext, Francis, grandson of first, 33, 39. 

Hext, George, 126 (3), 127 (2). 

Hext, Grace, 37. 

Hext, Hugh, 29-30; genealogical ac- 
count of the family of, 29-40. 

Hext, Hugh, son of above, 31, 39 (3) , 
40; abstract of will of, 40. 

Hext, Hugh, son of Amias, 31, 32, 39 (4) ; 
abstract of will of, 39. 

Hext, Hugh, son of John, 31 (2) , 40. 

Hext, Mrs. Jane (Weaver), wife of 
Alexander, 33, 34 (2). 

Hext, Mrs. Jane, wife of David (-1759), 
37 (2). 

Hext, Jane (1725-1726) , 126. 

Hext, Jane (1739-1740), 126 (2). 

Hext, Jane Elizabeth, 34. 

Hext, John, 31 (2), 32 (2), 40 (2). 

Hext, John, son of David (-1759), 37-8. 

38 (2). 
Hext, Joseph, 38; abstract of will of, 38. 
Hext, Mrs. Judith Esther (Torquet), 

126 (11). 
Hext, Katherine, 31. 
Hext, Margaret, 40. 
Hext, Martha, 31. • 
Hext, Martha, dau. of David, 36. 
Hext, Martha, dau. of George, 126. 
Hext, Mrs. Mary, wife of Amias, 38, 39. 
Hext, Mrs. Mary, wife of William, 

34 (2). 
Hext, Mrs. Mary, wife of vounger Ed- 
ward, 38 (2). 
Hext, Mary, dau. of Amias, 32, 39 (2). 
Hext, Philip, of Froome, Eng., 31. 
Hext, Phihp, of South Carolina, 38 (6). 
Hext, Philip, Jr., of S. C, 38. 
Hext, Providence, 37. 
Hext, Rebecca, 38 (3). 
Hext, Mrs. Sarah, wife of Francis, .32, 

33 (2), 34; abstract of will of, 34. 
Hext, Mrs. Sarah (Boone), wife of 2d. 

Hugh, 40 (2). 
Hext, Mrs. Sarah, wife of Joseph, 38(3) . 
Hext, Sarah, dau. of Francis, 33 (4), 34. 
Hext, Sarah, dau. of 2d. Hugh, 40 (4). 
Hext, Mrs. Susannah (Boone), 39 (2). 
Hext, Thomas, 31 (5), 32, 37, 39, 126 

(12), 127. 
Hext, Thomas (1733-1765) , son of above, 

126 (2) ; abstract of will of, 127. 
Hext, Thomas, son of Hugh, son of 

Amias, 39 (4). 
Hext, Thomas, son of Philip, of Froome, 

Hext, Thomas, son of Philip, of S. C. , 38. 
Hext, William, 32, 33 (5), 34; abstract 

of will of, 34. 
Hext, Wilham, son of David (-1759), 

38 (3). 
Hext, William., son of Philip, of S. C., 38. 
Hext, Capt. William, 112, 162, 166, 167, 

Hext family, genealogical records of, 

29-40, 126-127. 
Heyward, Thomas, 124. 
Hibernia Trust and Savings Bank, 183. 
Hibernian Society, 183. 
Hickory Hill (plantation), Blake's, 25. 
Hickorv Hill (plantation) , Stanyarne's, 

High School of Charleston, 101. 
Hill, John, 36, 75. 
Hill, Samuel, abstract of will of, 120. 



Hill, Sara, 175. 

History of the American Revolution 
(Ramsay), 96. 

Hoare, Charles, 25. 

Hoare Bros., 24. 

Hodge, Benjamin, 99. 

Hodge, Christopher, 43. 

Hogg, Robert, 34. 

Holland, 178. 

Hollis, John, 23. 

Holmes, Isaac, 122. 

Holmes, Robert, 21, 22, 23. 

Holmes's American Annals, 69-70. 

Holzendorff, Baron, 105. 

Hopkins, David, 99. 

Hopton, John, 27, 28. 

Hopton, Mary Christian, 27 (2) , 28 (2) . 

Hopton, Mrs. Sarah, 27 (2), 28. 

Hopton, Sarah, 27 (2), 28 (2). 

Hopton, William, abstract of will of, 

Horn Work, Charles Town, 1780, 57. 

Hornet, H. M. S., 123. 

Horse Savannah, 177. 

Horse stealing, 99. 

Houstoun, James, 119. 

Howe, Rev. George, History of the Pres- 
byterian Church in South Carolina 
by, 70 (2), 75, 76. 

Howe, Sir Wilham, 104. 

Howes, the (General and Admiral), 3. 

Hubbard, Thomas, 115. 

Hubbard, Wilham, 99. 

Hudson, Thomas, 121. 

Huger, Col., 111. 

Huger, Daniel, 124. 

Huguenot (French Protestant) Church, 
Charleston, 67; Goose Creek, 76-7. 

Humphry's paper, 12, 

Hunt, William, 120. 

Hunter, Morson & Co., 43. 

Huntsville, Ala., 102. 

Hurricane Hill (plantation), 25. 

Hutchinson, Archibald, 172 (2). 

Hutchinson, Capt. Matthias, 83, 94. 

Hutson, Mr., 148. 

Hyatt, McBurney & Co., 182. 

Indian Graves (plantation), 32 

Indian ground, 124. 

Indian Johnne (slave), 173. 

Indian names, 63, 64. 

Indian slave, 176. 

Indian wars, 128. 

Indians, 42, 79 (3), 91, 177. 

Ingrams, Eng., 22. 

Inner Temple, London, 22 (2), 23, 24. 

Inter-State Drill, State Fair, 1877, 44. 

Ireland, 120, 171 (2), 172 (3), 182. 

Irvine, Isabella, 118. 

Irvine, Margaret, 118. 

Irvine, Mrs. Mary (Ogilvie), 118. 

Irvine, Rebecca, 118. 

Irvine, Robert, 118. 

Irving, Alexander, 26. 

Irweuen, Great Britain, 119. 

Island Creek, 125. 

Isle of Palms, 183. 

Ivy, Staples, 171. 

Ivy, Thomas, 122, 

Iwerin, Eng,, 29. 

Izard, Mrs. Ehzabeth (Stead), 85. 

Izard, Mary, 41. 

Izard, Ralph (-1711), 64, 67, 75. 

Izard, Ralph (1688-1743), 93. 

Izard, Ralph (1717-1761), 82, 93(2); ab- 
stract of will of, 169-170. 

Izard, Ralph (175.-180.), 85 (3), 169, 
170 (2). 

Izard, Rebecca, 170. 

Izard, Sarah, 170. 

Izard, Thomas (1727-1754), 169 (2), 170. 

Izard, Walter (1692-1750), 80, 93, 170. 

Izard, Walter (1714-1759), 41, 93 (2). 

Izard, Walter (175.-1788), 169. 

Izard's Cowpen, 83. 

Izards, the, 80, 83, 90 (2). 

Jackson, John, 99. 

Jacksonborough, 38, 62. 

Jamaica, 169 (3). 

James's Island, 126. 

Jamestown, 62. 

Jay, John, 140, 154 (3), 155 (3). 

Jay, Richard, 20. 

Jenys, Paul, 93. 

Jervey, Theodore D., 2, 

John's Island, 30 (2), 32 (2), 33, 34, 39. 

Johns, John, 99. 

Johnson, Rev. John, D. D., LL.D., 2; 
sketch and plan of the fort at Dor- 
chester by, 127-129. 

Johnson, Gov. Robert, 36. 

Johnson-Crews Co., 183. 

Johnston, Robert, 117. 

Jolly, John, 121. 

Jones, Major David R., 133. 

Jones, Hugh, 119. 

Jones, James, 114 (5), 115 (2). 

Jones, John (1743), 118, 119 (2). 

Jones, John (another, 1743), 119, 

Jones, Rev. Lewis, abstract of will of, 

Jones, Lewis, 119. 

Jones, Samuel, 30 (2). 

Jordan, Dr, John W., 42. 

Kelley, Samuel, 60. 

Kennedy, James, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168,. 



Kenny, James, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 

Keppel, Capt. George, 158 (3), 159. 

Kershaw, Capt. Ely, company of, 99. 

Kershaw, Col. Joseph, 136. 

Killingsworth, Je§se, 99. 

King, Mrs. Anne, 20. 

King, Richard, 120. 

King Street, Charleston, 27, 182. 

Kingsley, Zephaniah, 125. 

Kingston, Jamaica, 169. 

Kinloch, Francis, 26. 

Kinnard, George, 27. 

Kitchen, John, 75. 

Knights, Thomas, 39. 

Knightsbridge, Eng., 171. 

Kolb, Josiah, 16 (2), 19 (2), 53, 54, 56, 
59, 163, 164. 

Kollock, Dr. C. W., 2. 

LaBruce, Esther, 116. 

LaBruce, Joseph, 116. 

La Luzerne, ChevaUier, 153. 

la Neuville, Messieurs de, 12. 

Lacey, Gen. Edward, 136. 

Ladson Road, 84. 

Ladson's, 77. 

Lady's Island, 25, 170. 

Lafayette, Marquis de, 10, 48 (2), 51, 

Lamb, , 163, 164. 

Lamboll, Thomas, 29, 32, 35. 

Lamboll Street, Charleston, 27. 

Lancaster, county, Eng., 26 (2). 

Landbeder, Great Britain, 119 (2) . 

Langenny, Great Britain, 119. 

Langford, Daniel, 16, 17, 53, 54 (2), 56, 
163, 164. 

Langhorne, Rev. Mr., 93. 

Lanigan Falgarth, parish of. Great 
Britain, 119. 

Lanochering, Great Britain, 119. 

Lanuville, ChevilHer, 11. 

Lappin, Peter, 55. 

Lashly, — -, 39. 

Lassiter, William, 99. 

Laurens, Henry (1722-1792), 124; cor- 
respondence of with son, John, 3-12, 
47-52, 103-110, 137-160; captured pa- 
pers of, 178-179. 

Laurens, John (1754-1782), correspon- 
dence of with his father, 3-12, 47-52, 
103-110, 137-160; nominated secretary 
to the Minister to France, 157; The 
Army Coi^respondence of, 4, 10, 49. 

Laurens, Mrs. Patty (Manning), 139, 

Laurens Collection, South Carolina His- 
torical Society, 4, 99, 179. 

Lawrence, Dr. J. S., 183. 

Lawsone, John, 118. 

Lawyers (attorneys), 39, 117. 

Layland, Eng., 26. 

Lea, George, 30. 

Lea, William, 30. 

Lee, Arthur, 4, 145, 155. 

Lee, Lt.-Col. Henry (''Light Horse 

Harry"), 84, 85. 
Lee, William (of S. C), 99. 
Lee, William (of Va.), 145. 
Leeds (recorder of wills), 172. 
Legare, Daniel, Jr., 127. 
Legare, James, 16 (2), 19 (4), 53, 54, 55, 

56, 59, 163, 164. 
Legare, John, 27. 
Legare, Samuel, 27 (2), 28 (2). 
Legare Street, Charleston, 27. 
Leger, Mr., 144. 
Legoe, William, 120 (2). 
Leigh, Eng., 26. 
L'Enfant, Major, 140. 
L'Escott, Mrs. Frances, abstract of will 

of, 123. 
Lewen, Mary, 27. 

Lewis, , 124. 

Lewis, John, 123. 

Liberty County, Ga., 81; History of the 

Midway Congregational Church of, 68. 
Libraries (in S. C), 130, 177-178. 
Liddell, Capt. George, 60, 113, 165. 

Lightsaps, , 124. 

Lime Street Square, London, 121, 

Limerick, Ireland, 122 (3). 

Lincoln, Gen. Benjamin, 17, 150; letter 

of to Major Isaac Harleston, 59. 

Lines, , 124. 

Lining, Capt. Charles, 28 (3), 112, 162, 

166, 167, 168. 
Lisbon, Portugal, 121. 
Little Russell Street, London, 20, 117, 

Live Oak, the, 40. 
Llamoring, parish of, 119. 
Lloyd, Capt., 159. 
Lloyd, Mrs., 177. 
Lodsworth, Eng., 23 (2). 
London, 3, 20, 21, 23 (2), 24, 27, 35, 79, 

114, 117, 118 (5), 120 (3), 121 (3), 169, 

174 (4), 175 (2): Tower of , 178. 
London Gazette, 42. 
Londwailog, Great Britain, 120. 
Long, Major, 172 (2). 
Long, John, 23, 24. 
Lord, Rev. Joseph, 65 (3), 68, 69 (4), 72, 

74, 76, 79, 92. 
Lords Proprietors of South Carolina, 35, 

Loughton, Mrs. Ann, 35. 



Loughton, Anne, 35. 

Loughton, David, 35. 

Loughton, Edward, 35. 

Loughton, Mary, 35. 

Love, WiUiam, 60. 

Loveland, Stephen, 20. 

Lovell, Joseph, 20. 

Lovinge, Michael, 67. 

Low-Country (of S. C), 62, 84, 90. 

Lowndes, Edv/ard, abstract of will of, 26. 

Lowndes, Thomas, 26. 

Loyal American Regiment, 84. 

Lucas, Anne, 120. 

Lucas Street, Charleston, 101. 

Ludwell, Gov. Philip, 176. 

Luff, Robert, 23. 

Lympham Parva, Eng., 121. 

Lyttelton, Fort, 91. 

Madagascar, 135. 

Madeira, 148. 

Madison, Ga., 182; schools of , 182. 

Madison County, Ga., 182. 

Maillard, Richard, 23. 

Maillard, Thomas, 23. 

Major (recorder of wills) , 120. 

Makepeace, John, 26. 

Malmady, Col., 153, 154. 

Manigault, Gabriel, 119 (2), 170. 

Manigault, H. M., 95. 

Manilas, the, 97. 

Manley, John, 26 (2). 

Manning, Secretary Daniel, 45 (2). 

Manuscripts wanted, 181. 

Marbeuf, Joseph LaBruce de, 116. 

Marine Board, 150. 

Marion, Lieut. -Col. (later Gen.) Francis, 
15, 16, 19 (6), 59. 83 (thenCapt.); 
returns of regiment of, 15-17, 18-19, 55. 

Mark Lane, London, 23. 

Mariaine, Rev. Mr., 127. 

Martm, Dr. James,, 60, 113, 165. 

Martin, John. 16 (2), 19, 56, 59. 

Martin, Moses, 175. 

Mason, Capt. Richard, 15, 16 (2), 19 (2), 
.53, 54, 56, 59, 163, 164. 

Masonic, 101. 

Massachusetts, 65, 66, 67 (2), 68, 69, 70, 
74, 77 (2), 78, 79, 86, 88 (2), 91, 97, 151. 

Massey, William, letter of to the com- 
mandant at Haddrell's Point, 17. 

Mathewes, Hon. John, 150, 155. 

Mathewes, WilHam, 35. 

Mathews, Maurice, 1.34, 174, 175 (2). 

Matthew, Thomas, 118. 

Mauldin, W. L., 45. 

Maxwell, Gen., 107 (2). 

Maxwell, Wilham, 43. 

Mayne, Edward, 121, 122. 

Mayne, John, 121. 

Mazyck, Capt. Daniel, 15, 16 (2), 19 (2), 

53, 54, 56, 59, 161, 163, 164. 
Mazyck, Isaac, 123 (2). 
Mazyck, Mrs. Mary, 123. 
Mazyck, Lieut. Stephen, 53 (2), 54, 56, 

163,- 164. 
McCall, John, 32, 35, 36 (2), 37. 
McCall, Mrs. Martha (Hext), 35, 36, 

37 (2).. 
McCrady, Gen. Edward, 96, 135 (3); 

The History of South Carolina Under 

Royal Government by, 36. 
McFarland, Daniel, 39. 
McGahan, Dr. Charles F., 183. 
McGahan, Emma, 183. 
McGahan, Mrs. Eleanor Riley, 182. 
McGahan, James, 182. 
McGahan, Thomas Riley (1825-1905), 

obituary sketch of, 182-183. 
McGahan, Bates & Co., 183. 
McGahan, Brown & Evans, 183. 
McGahan & Co., T. R., 183. 
McGrew, Peter, 60, 113, 165. 
McGuire, Elijah, 60. 
McGuire, Merry, 60, 99, 113 (2), 165 (2). 
McHenry, Dr., 147. 
Mcintosh, Gen. Lachlan, 144. 
Mcintosh, Fort, capture of, in 1777, 

McKimmey, William, 170. 
McLean, Allen, 119. 
McQueen, Mr., 169. 
McQueen, Capt. Alexander, letter of to 

Major Isaac Harleston, 57. 
Medway River, Ga., 81. 
Meearters, William, 125. 
Meeting House, Charles Town, 67. 
Meeting Street, Charleston, 67, 177. 
Mercury (ship), 158, 178 (2). 
Mercury, The Charleston, 134, 180, 181 

Merlot, Marechal, 12. 

Merriwether, , 152. 

Metheringham, John, 40. 

Mexico, 44. 

Michie, John, 118. 

Middle States, 154. 

Middlesex, county, Eng., 21, 22,24 (2), 

26, 114 (2), 120, 121, 171, 175. 
Middleton, Arthur (-1685), 64 (2), 67. 
Middleton, Arthur (1681-1737), 93. 
Middleton, Arthur (1742-1787), 41. 
Middleton, Edward, 35. 
Middleton, Mrs. Harriott (Kinloch), 102. 
Middleton, Harriott, 102. 
Middleton, Henry, of London, 35. 



Middleton, Hon. Henry (1717-1784), 25, | 
40, 93 (2), 94 (3), 170. 

Middleton, Hon. Henry A. , 102. 

Middleton, Thomas, 25. 

Middleton Place (plantation), 94. 

Midway, Georgia, 70. I 

Midway Congregational Church, Lib- 
erty County, Georgia, History of, 67, 
68, 81. 

Mifflin, Fort, 9, 10. 

Miles, William Porcher, 45. 

Milford, William, 24. 

Miller, Adam, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 

Miller, David, 171. 

Miller, George, abstract of will of, 171. 

Miller, James, 171. 

Miller, Mrs. Peggy, 171. 

Miller, Robert, 75, 83. 

Miller, Thomas, 99. 

Millford, Eng., 22. 

Milling, Capt., 113, 165. 

Mills, Mary, 172. 

Mills, William, 23. 

Milton Place, Eng., 24. 

Mineral Springs, 99 (2). 

Mitchel, , 147. 

Monmouth, county. Great Britain, 119, 

Montagu, Lord Charles Greville, Gov- 
ernor, 38. 

Montgomery, Ala., 134. 

Moore, ■- — , 40. 

Moore, James, 64. 

Moore, John, 136, 175. 

Moore, Thomas, 87 (2). 

Moravians, 132. 

Morgan, Col., 7, 9. 

Morgan, Col. (afterwards Gen.) Daniel, 

Morris, Lewis, 170. 

Morse, Dr., 131. 

Morton, Landgrave Joseph, 175. 

Morton, Landgrave Joseph (2d.), son of 
above, 68, 69 (2), 174. 

Moses, F. J., Jr., 134. 

Moultrie, Miss, 161. 

Moultrie, Dr. John (1702-1771), 42. 

Moultrie, Hon. John, son of above, 42 

Moultrie, Capt. Thomas, 15. 16 (2), 19 
(4), 54, 55, 56. 

Moultrie, Gen. (sometime Governor) 
Wilham, 28, 57, 83 (3), 96 (2), 124, 
161, 168. 

Moultrie, Fort, 13. 

Moultrie family, items of history of, 42. 

Mount Boone (plantation), 82 (2), 169, i 
176. 1 

Mount Street, Westminister, Eng-.. 26 
(2). ^ 

Mowbray, Mary, 34. 

Moylan, Col., 6. 

Mt. Pleasant, 64. 

Muir, Capt. 97. 

Mulholland, Henry, 170. 

Mullins, Mary, 40. 

Munro, Alexander, 122. 

Murray, Capt. David, 124. 

Murray, Hon. E. B., 45. 

Murray, Susannah, 120. 

Muschamp, G., 115. 

Musgrave, Sir John, 24. 

Myrack, William, 60, 113, 165. 

Nansamond County, N. C, 171. 

Nantasket, 70. 

Napley, John, 124. 

Nawassa River, 131. 

Navy, British, 98. 

Necrology, 44-46, 101-102, 182-183. 

Negroes, 25 (4), 26, 34 (2), 35, 38 (9), 
111, 112, 113, 117, 122, 123, 131, 132 
(2), 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 
170 (2), 173, 176, 178; John Laurens's 
proposition to raise a regiment of for 
service in the Revolution, 47-48, 49- 
51, 137-138, 150, 156. 

Nelstead, Ralph, 121. 

Nesbitt, Wilham, 27. 

New Acquisition Regiment, 98. 

New Cut, 68. 

New England, 65, 69 (2), 70 (2), 74, 130 
(2), 131. 

New Grant, or New Granted, 72 (2), 73. 

New Hampshire, 105. 

New Haven, Ct., 145. 

New Jersey, 107, 109. 

New London, or Willtown, 62, 68, 69, 76. 

New Market, 25. 

New Orleans, La., 182. 

New Summerville, 78, 87. 

New York, 41, 44, 99 (2) , 110, 132, 133 
(2), 145, 148 (2), 149, 151 (2), 182. 

New York Life Insurance Company, 46. 

Neiv York Mercury, 42. 

Newfoundland, 158. 

Newhouse, Rev. Thomas, 22. 

Newington (plantation), 25, 63, 66, 67, 
68, 70, 71, 76, 82 (3), 94, 175. 

Newington Creek, 63. 

Newnan, Ga., 68. 

Newport, R. L, 159. 

Newport River, Ga., 81. 

Newspapers, gazettes, 4, 31, 35, 36 (3), 
37, 40, 41 (5), 42 (5), 96 (2), 97, 98 
(3), 135, 136 (4), 177, 178 (2), 179. 

Newton, , 19. 



Nicholls, James, 67. 

Nichols, Capt.. 106. 

Nicholson, Sir Francis, Governor, 38. 

Nicklis, John, 114. 

Nisbet, James, 125. 

Noble, Thomas, 21. 

Noger, Mr., 125. 

Norman, William, 65 (2) , 66, 68, 69, 71, 
73, 74, 76, 82. 

North, 3, 97. 

North America, 120. 

North Carolina, 96, 131, 171 (2) ; Conti- 
nental brigade of, 150. 

North Island, 96 (2) . 

North River, 107, 109. 

Northumberland, Pa.. 178. 

Northumberland, the Duke and Duchess 
of, 22. 

Northumberland House, Eng., 22. ' 

Oak Forest (plantation), 82. 

Odingsells, Charles, 176. 

Ogier, George, 16, 19 (5), 53, 54, 55, 56, 
59, 163, 164. 

Ogilvie, Alexander, 118. 

Ogilvie, Charles, abstract of will of, 118. 

Ogilvie, Charles, son of above, 118. 

Ogilvie, George, 118. 

Ogilvie, George (younger), 118. 

Ogilvie, John Alexander, 118. 

Ogilvie, Margaret, 118. 

Ogilvie, Mrs. Mary, 118. 

O' Kelly,, Peter, 66, 70. 

Old Summerville, 87 (3)._ 

Oldmixon, Jonathan, History of Caro- 
lina by, 30. 

Oliphant, Dr. David, 82. 

Oliver, , 163, 164. 

Orange Lodge, 101. 

Orangeburg County, Salley's History 
of, 99. 

Orangeburg Road, 82. 

Orr, Rev. William, 126. 

Ortugal, Cape, 5. 

Osborn, Thomas, 27. 

Osborn, WilHam, 38. 

Osbourne, Mrs. Anne, 172 (2). 

Osbourne, Joyce, 172. 

Osgood, Rev. John, 81. 

Osgood, Thomas, 74, 77. 

Osgood, Thomas, Jr., 74. 

Otranto Club house, 64. 

Our Forefathers (Poyas), 89. 

Owen, Elizabeth, 117. 

Owen, Mrs. Frances, 117. 

Owen, Hugh, Jr., 119. 

Owen, Jeremiah, 117 (3). 

Owen, Thomas, abstract of will of, 117. 

Owen, William, 134. 

Owen's Lodge (plantation), 117. 

Oyster Point, 134. 

Packrow, John, 127. 

Pacolet River, 125, 131. 

Palmer, Joseph, 115. 

Palmer, Lucia, 119. 

Palmetto flag (S. C), 133-134. 

Palmetto Regiment, 44-5. 

Palmetto Street, Summerville, 87, 

Panama, Isthmus of, 182. 

Parker, Thomas, 25. 

Parliament of Great Britain, 3. 

Paris, 3, 130, 143. 

Parishes established, 79. 

Parris Mountain, 44. 

Parry, James, 120. 

Partridge, William, 99, 113, 165. 

Patreau, WilHam, 127. 

Patrick's, Bishop, Duty to Man, 119. 

Patterson, Gen. (British), 61. 

Pawley, Col., 119. 

Pearson, Thomas, 23 (2), 24. 

Peckle, or Pickles, Capt., 158, 159. 

Pee Dee River, 64. 

Peirce, Michael, 135. 

Pennsylvania, 132, 159, 178; Historical 

Society of, 42. 
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and 

Biography, 145. 
Penobscot, Me., 151. 
Percival, Col. Andrew, 76, 82. 
Percival plantation, 80. 
Perne, Capt. John, 172. 
Perot, John, 159. 
Perry, Mrs. Anne, 172. 
Perry, Anne, 172 (2). 
Perry, Dorothy, 172 (2). 
Perry, Edward, 172 (4). 
Perry, Elizabeth, 172. 
Perry, John, abstract of will of, 171-172. 
Perry, Jonathan, 172. 
Perry, Mrs. Mary, 172. 
Perry, Marv, 172. 
Perry, Samuel, 172 (2). 
Perry, Samuel (younger), 172, 
Peter, John, 38 (2). 
Peter, Mrs. Tabitha (Bower), 31, 32. 
Peterkin, John, 60, 113, 165. 
Peters, Elijah, 99. 
Peters, Solomon, 99. 
Petrie, Mrs., 148. 
Petrie, Alexander, 16, 59. 
Petrie, George, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 
Petworth, Eng., 20 (4), 21 (2), 22 (3), 

23 (3), 24 (2). 
Philadelphia, Pa., 3, 9, 106, 109. 110, 

136, 139, 143, 144 (3), 146 (2), 147, 

148, 149 (2), 153, 154, 156, 158 (2). 



f*hipps, Anna, 34. 

f'ickens, Gov. F. W., 134, 180 (3), 

181 (2). 
Pickles, or Peckle, Capt., 158, 159. 
Pin Hill (plantation), 25. 
Pirickney, Charles, 30 (2). 
Pindkney, Col, Charles Cotesworth (1746- 

1825), 5, 6, 112, 162, 166, 167; letter of 

to Major Isaac Harleston, 161. 
Pinckney, Capt. Thomas, 2, 
Pine Hill (plantation) , 94. 
Pitt, William, 97. 
Plainsfield (plantation), 68. 
Plate, 170. 

Pleasant Hill (plantation), 25. 
Plombard, Mr., 153. 
Plymouth (recorder of wills), 118. 
Poland^ 8. 

Pollard, Capt. Richard, 60, 113, 165. 
Pollet, Mrs. Phillis, 21. 
Pollet, Thomas, 21 (2). 
Pollet, WilHam, 21. 
Pon Pon, 31, 170. 
Pon Pon River, 38 (2) , 68, 125. 
Ponds, The, 79, 82. 
Pope, Joseph, 114. 

Porcher, , 83. 

Port Royal Island, 118, 149. 

Portugal, 12L 

Postell, William, 94. 

Postells, the, 83. 

Potter, WilHam, 121. 

Pound Street, Petworth, Eng-., 20, 21. 

Powell, Mrs. Ann, 119. 

Powell, John, abstract of will of, 119- 

Powell, Mary Beatrice, 28. 
Powell, Robert William, 27. 
Powell, William Hopton, 27, 28. 
Poyas, Mrs. Ehzabeth Ann, 176. 
Pratt, Mrs. Ehzabeth Baker, 70. 
Pratt, Thankful, 70, 77. 
Pratt, William, 65 (2), 67 (2), 68 (3), 

69 (4), 70 (4), 71 (3), 72, 74, 75, 76, 

77 (2). 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 28. 
Presbyterian Church in So. Ca., 92; 

Howe's Historij of the, 70 (2), 75, 76. 
Prescot, Capt., 159." , 
Prevost, Gen. Augustine, 83. 
Prince William's Parish, 124, 178. - 
Prioleau, Ann, 32. 
Prioleau, Philip, 32. 
Prioleau, Mrs. Providence (Hext), 35, 

37 (3). 
Prioleau, Samuel, Jr., 32, 35, 37 (3). 
Proctor, Thomas R. , 133. 

Proveaux. Cfept. Adrian, 15, 16. 19 (4), 
53, 54, 56, 59. 163. 164. 

Providence, R. I., 143. 

Province Island, 8. 

Prussia, the army of the king of. 142. 

Pubhc Records of South Carolina (MS.), 

Pulaski, Count, 140. 

Purcell, Capt. James John, 123. 

Purry, Charles. 119 (2). 

Purrysburgh, 62. 

Purves, Col. John, 136. 

Putler. Edward, 23. 

Quakers. 136. 

Quakers Meeting (picture). 121. 

Quarv, Robert. 136. 

Quebec. 110. 

Radchffeboro, 89. 

Radnor, 62. 

Ramsay, Dr. David, 96 (2) ; The Revolu- 
tion in South Carolina by, 96. 

Randolph, James. 99. 

Rangers. 99 (2), 100. 

Rankin, Pulham & Co., 182. 

Rattray, Julian, 25. 

Raynal. Abbe, 132. 

Reading, Mass., 65. 

Records of the First Church at Dor- 
chester, Neiv England, 65. 

Red Hill, 87. 

Reed, Lawrence, 35 (2). 

Reed,, 26. 

Reeve, Ambrose, 117. 

Reeve, Lewis, 119. 

Regiment. Fortieth British, 26; Sixty- 
Sixth, 170; Palmetto, 44-5. 

Regiments of the South Carolina Line, 
Continental Establishment, records of 
the; 13-19, 53-61, 111-113, 161-168; 1st., 
mentioned. 5. 112. 162. 166, 167, 168; 
2d., mentioned, 15-17. 18-19, 53, 54. 55, 
55, 59, 111, 163, 164; 3d., mentioned, 
60, 99, 113. 165; 5th., mentioned, 16, 
17. 177: 6th., mentioned, 16, 17, 113. 

Reid, Andrew, abstract of will of, 117. 

Reid, James, 38. 

Reid, James (another), 117. 

Remington, John, 123. 

Revolution in South Carolina, Ramsay's 
History of the. 96. 

Revolutionary War, 82 (2), 83 (2), 85, 
89 (2), 92, 93. 130 (2), 132. 

Rhett, Robert Barnwell (1828-1905) , 102. 

Rhett, William. Jr. , 79. 

Rhode Island, 110. 151, 159. 

Rice, 42-43. 132. 

Richardson, Mrs., 24. 



Richardson, Capt. Edward, company 

of, 99. 
Richland Battalion, 44. 
Richland Rifle Club, 44 (2). 
Richmond, Va.. 180, 181. 
Right, John, 121 (2). 
Right, Mary, 121 (4) . 
Rind, Dr., 169. 
Rings, 27, 169. 
Rioch, Alexander, 27. 
Rivers, EHas L., 126. 
Rivers, William J., Sketch of the History 

of South Carolina by, 30. 
Rivington, newspaper publisher, 145, 

Roberts, Capt. Brooks, 149, 157. 
Roberts, Joseph, 112. 
Robertson, Alexander, 122. 
Roche, Mrs. Anstice (Arthur), 122. 
Roche, Francis, 122. 
Roche, Patrick, 122 (3). 
Rockingham (recorder of wills), 117. 
Rogers, Lieut., 19. 

Roper, Mrs. Grace (Hext), 35, 37 (2). 
Roper, William, 37 (2). 
Roper Hospital (old), 101 (2). 
Rose, Mr.. 71 (2). 
Rose Creek, 63. 
Rose Hill, 83. 
Rose's, or Rose's land, 71 (2), 72 (2), 

73, 77. 
Roux, Capt. Albert, 15, 16 (2), 56, 59. 
Royal Hospital, Greenwich, Eng., 21. 
Russell, Nathaniel, 28 (2). 
Russell, Wilham, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 
Rutledge, Mr., 170. 
Rutledge, Andrew, 39, 40. 
Rutledge, Edward, 40. 
Rutledge, Mrs. Henrietta (Middleton), 

Rutledge, Dr. John, 40 (2). 
Rutledge, Governor John, son of above, 

Rutledge, Mrs. Sarah (Hext), 31, 40. 
Sacheverell, Dr. Henry, 30: 
Sacheverell, John, 29. 
Sacheverell, Mrs. Marv- 29. 
Sacheverell, Thomas (?), 29 (3), 30. 
Sacheverell, Thomas, son of above, 29 

(2), 30. 
Sacheverell, Thomas, son of above, 29 

Sacheverell, Thomas, son of above, 29 

Salem, N. C, 132. 
Salem Register, The, 96. 
Salkehatchie River, 34. 

Salley, A. S., Jr., 1, 2 (2), 29, 114, 174; 
The History of Orangeburg County 
by, 99. 

Saluda River, 124 (2) , 132. 

Sams Robert, 39. 

San Francisco, Cahf., 182. 

Sandwich (packet), 148. 

Santee River, 64. 

Saratoga, Convention of, 10. 

Satilly, Ga., 42. 

Satur, Jacob, 79, 80. 

Satur, Ihomas, 75, 79. 

Savage, George, 43. 

Savannah (plantation) , 25. 

Savannah River, 25. 

Savey, Peter, 75. 

Saw mill, 77, 78. 

Saw Mill Branch. 63, 78 (2) . 

"Saw mill land", 78. 

Sawyer, , 163. 

Saxby, Mrs. Elizabeth, 34. 

Saxby, (xeorge, 34. 

Schenckingh, Bernard, 179, 180. 

Schools, 80, 93-95, 101, 119. 

Scott, Capt. Edward, 119. 

Scott, Elinor, 123 (3). 

Scott, John, 119. 

Scott's Bluff (plantation) ,. 39. 

Seabrook, Elizabeth, 30. 

Seabrook, John, 30 (2). 

Seabrook, Mrs. Mary, 30 (3). 

Seabrook, Mary, 30. 

Seabrook, Richard, 30. 

Searle (recorder of wills). 123 (2). 

Selma. Ala.. 116. 

Senf, Lt.-Col. Christian. 96. 

Serjeant. William, 170. 

Shaftesbury, the Earl of. 63; barony of 
the Earl of, 76. 130. 

Sheldon, 19. 

Sheldon, Rev. George, 76, 92. 

Shem, or Shemee, Creek. 64. 

Shepard's tea farm, Dr. C. U., 63.. 

Sherman's army, 101. 

Shingleton. Sarah, 33. 

Shubrick. Capt. Thomas, 16, 17. 53. 56, 
98 (2). 111. 163. 164. 

Shultz's Lake, 80. 82. 

Sickle. . 144. 

Silliman, B. D..^Major Robert Ander- 
son's letter to. 133. 

Simmons, John, 74. 

Simms, Wm. Gilmore, 4, 10, 41. 

Simms's Monthly Magazine, 116. 

Simpson. J., 25. 

Simpson, James, 27. 

Sixth South Street, Summerville. 87. 

Skene, Alexander, 80, 93. 



Skene, John, extract from the will of. 

Skottowe. Ann Langford. 125. 

Skottowe, Augustine, 125. 

Skottowe, Coulson, 125 (2). 

Skottowe, Coulson (younger) . 125. 

Skottowe. Edward "^ Massing bird Bel- 
linger, 124. 

Skottowe, George i^ugustus Frederick, 

Skottowe. John. 125 (3). 

Skottowe. John Belhnger, 124. 

Skottowe, Nicholas. 125 (2). 

Skottowe, Nicholas (younger), 124. 

Skottowe, Thomas, abstract of will of, 

Skottowe, Thomas Britishe, 124. 

Slann's Bridge, 80 (2). 

Slaves, 25 (4), 26, 30, 31, 33 (2), 34 (2), 
35, 38 (9) , 39, 40, 80, 111, 112, 113, 117, 
122, 123, 131, 132, 1.50, 162, 163, 164, 
165, 166, 167, 168, 170 (2), 173, 178; 
John Laurens's proposition to raise a 
regiment of negro, 47-48, 49-51, 137- 
138, 156. 

Small, Rev. Robert, 40. 

Smallpox, 111. 

Smallwood, Matthew, 33. 

Smith, Lieut. A., 60, 113, 163, 

Smith, Andrew, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 

Smith, Mrs. Anne (Loughton), 35. 

Smith, Mrs. Barbara, 135. 

Smith, Benjamin (1718-1770), 35, 170. 

Smith, Christopher, 174. 

Smith, D. E. Huger, 2. 

Smith, George, 135. 

Smith, Henry A. M., 2 (2), 127 (2), 128; 
a sketch of the history of Dorchester 
bv, 62-95, 130. 

Smith, John, of Booshoe, 63 (3), 64 (3), 
71 (2), 174. 

Smith, John, (another), 124. 

Smith, Capt. John Carraway, 60, 113, 
165 (2). 

Smith, Mrs. Mary (of Booshoe) , 64. 

Smith, Mary (1782), 40. 

Smith, Paul, 135. 

Smith, Robert, 27. 

Smith, Samuel, 39. 

Smith, Samuel, Jr., 39. 

Smith, Thomas (1670), 135. 

Smith, Landgrave Thomas (1st.), date 
of the arrival of in South Carolina, 
135-136; the second marriage of, 179- 

Smith, Landgrave Thomas (2d.), 135 
(2), 180 1 2). 

Smith, Thomas, of London (1746), 120. 

; Smith. Thomas (1789), 94. 
Smith. WilHam (1688). 179, 180. 
Smythe, Mrs. Robert A. . 183. 
Snelhng, John. 99. 
Snow, George, 43. 

Snowden, Yates, 2, 99; letter of in re 
Crevecoeur, 130-1.32. 

Solikifer, or Solikoffer, Mr.. 156 (2). - 

j Somerset, Charles, Duke of, 20. 

i Somersetshire. Eng., 31. 121. 

j Somerton. 62. 

! Sons of the Revolution. Society of the, 

i 102. 

; South Bay, Charleston, 102. 

[ South Carolina, 3, 10, 20, 23, 25 (5), 26 
(4), 27 (3). 28 (2;, .30, .31, 32, 67, 43. 44 

I (4), 50, 62. 65 (3). 66. 68. 73. 83. 101. 

! 102, 105, 114- (3), 115 (2-. 117 (-3), 118 

i (4), 119, 120 (3). 121 (2). 122 (2), 123 

! (3). 124. 132 (3), 1.35 (3), 138, 139 (2), 
14-3, 144 (2), 146 (2), 147, 148. 150 (2). 
151 (4), 153. 154 (2). 155. 1-56, 169 (2). 
170. 171. 172 (3). 174 (2). 178, 179 (2). 
180. 181 (2) ; Attornev-General of, 27; 
books of. in. or about, 96-97, 119, 130; 
Commons House of Assemblv of the 
Province of. 30. 36 (2); Council of 
Safety of. 94; Court of Equity of. 
44, 86; Court of Ordinary of the 
Province of. 176; Delegates of to the 

' Continental Congress. 1779. 157; Demo- 
cratic Convention of. 1876. 45; 1882. 
45; Diocese of. 90; flag of. 133; Gen- 
eral Assembly of. 88. 91. 138. 139. 152; 
Governors of, mentioned, 28. 36. 38 
(2). 39, 68. 115, 116, 140. 176 (6). 179. 
180; records of the Governor of, 115. 
116, 174, 175, 180; Grand Council of. 
63, 134; Historical works on, 96-97; 
House of Representatives of. 180; 
Legislature of, 183; library of the 
State of, 97: Lieutenant-Govenor of, 
1779. 144; Low-Country of, 62; Presi- 
dent of, 1776, 98; Privy Council of, 28, 
98 (2), 138; seal of, 28; Secretarv's 
office of, 27, 63 (2), 64 (4). 67. 71, 78, 
91; Secretary of, 28; Superintendent 
of Education of . 44; Surveyor-Generals 
of, mentioned. 134, 136. 174, 175; Car- 
roll's Historical Collections of. 30; 
Cooper's Statutes at Large of. 30. 91; 
Howe's History of the Presbyterian 
Church 171, 70 (2). 75. 76; Ramsay's 
History of the Revolution in, 96; Riv- 
ers 's Sketch of the History of 30. 

' South-Carolina and American General 

i Gazette, The, 4. 41. 98. 




South Carolina Canal and Railway Com- 
pany, 87 (2). 
South Carolina College, Board of Trus- 
tees of, 45; library of the, 97. 
South-Carolina Gazette, The, 31, 35, 36 
(2), 41, 42, 98, 135, 136; Marriage No- 
tices in, 40. 
South- Carolina, The Gazette of the State 

of (successor of above) , 36, 
South- Carolina Gazette; And Country 

Journal, The, 37, 42. 
South- Carolina Gazette & Public Adver- 
tiser, The, 178. 
"South Carolina Gleanings in England", 

20-28, 117-125, 169-173. 
South Carolina Historical Society, 1, 4, 
42, 44, 99, 101, 102 (2), 132, 178, 182; 
Collections of the, 63, 178. 
South Carolina Line, Continental Estab- 
lishment, 5; records of the regiments 
of the, 13-19, 53-61, 111-113, 161-168. 
South Carolina Military Academy (Cita- 
del), 44 (2) , 45, 97. 
South Carolina Under the Royal Gov- 
ernment, The History of (McCrady"), 
South Island, 96. 
Southern Railway, 77, 78. 
Southern States, 152; British Consul to 

the, 171. 
Spain, 137, 155. 
Sparrow, John, 163, 164. 
Spencer, William, Jr., 34, 
Spithead, Eng., 156. 
Springer, Dr. Sylvester, 16, 19 (2), 53, 

St. Andrew's Parish, 79, 80; register of, 

37, 116. 
St. Augustine, 42 (2). 
St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Eng., 121. 
St. Bartholomew's Parish, 30, 38 (2). 
St. Colomba, Monsieur, 10. 
St, Eustatius, 159. 

St. George's Parish, Dorchester, 62, 80 
(2), 81 (2), 88, 95. 130 (3); parish 
church of, 88-90, 92; Episcopal Church 
of, 89; library of, 130. 
St. George's Troop, 130. 
St. Helena Island, 31, 40. 
St. Helena's Parish, 118. 
St. James, parish of, Eng., 21, 171. 
St. James Place, London, 23. 
St. John's, Antigua, parish of, 171, 172. 
St. John's, Newfoundland, 159 (2). 
St. John's Parish, Berkeley, 116. 
St. John's Parish, Colleton, 32, 33, 36. 
St. Martins-in-the-Field, Eng., parish 
of, 21. 

St. Mary Axe, Eng. , 51, 148. 

St. Mary Matfellon, Eng., 120, 

St. Mary Whitechapel, Eng., 120. 

St. Mary's, Antigua, parish of, 172. 

St. Mary's River, 42. 

St. Michael's Church, Charleston, 67. 

St. Paul's Church, Radcliffeboro, 89. 

St. Paul's Church, Stono, 89. 

St. Paul's Parish, 30, 81. 

St. Phihp's Church, Charles Town 

(Charleston), 87. 
St. Philip's Parish, 36; register of, 31, 34, 

35, 36, 37 (2). 
St. Quentin, Mr., 24. . 
St. Sepulchres, Eng., charity school for 

boys in, 121. 
St. Thomas and St. Denis's Parish. 

register of, 116. 
Stacey, Rev. James, 68, 81. 
Stalls ville, 73. 

Standard Hat Company, 183. 

Stanhope, Capt. , 159. 

Stanyarne, Mr.. 33 (2). 

Stanyarne, Elizabeth, 33. 

Stanyarne, John, 33. 

Stanyarne, Sarah, 34. 

Stanyarne, William, 36. 

Stanyarne, WiUiam, son of above. 36. 

Starke, Gen., 49. 

State Fair, 1877, 44. 

State's Rights War, 41, 44, 183. 

Staytape, Mr., 47. 

Steiiben, Baron de, 106, 140, 141, 142 
(3), 143. 

Stevens, Cecil, 117. 

Stevens, John (So. Ca., 1691), 70, 71 
(4) , 72, 73, 74, 77, 93, 176. 

Stevens, John (England, 1802) , 26. 

Stevens, Dr. Samuel, 93. 

Stevens family, 73. 

Stevens's Bridge, 74, 80. 

Stewart, Alexander, 171 (2). 

Stewart, Daniel, 86, 87 (2). 

Stewart, Daniel, son of above, 86, 94. 

Stewart, James R., 95. 

Stewart, John (1691) , 115. 

Stewart, John (1760), 87. 

Still, , 31. 

Still, EHzabeth, 32. 

Still, Hannah, 32. 

Still, Mrs. Katherine (Hext), 32. 

Still, Katherine, 32. 

Still Philip, 32. 

Sterling, Gen. Lord, 109. 

Stock, Jonathan, 173. 

Stoke Newington, Eng., 175. 

Stono Inlet, 91. 

Stono River, 33, 40, 68, 79, 89. 



stow, Joseph, 170. 
Strachan, Margaret, 122. 
Strahan (recorder of wills), 119. 
Strand, the, London, 21. 
Strobel, Emma Bachman, 101. 
Strut's Warehouse, London, 24. 
Sundbury, Mass., 65, 77. 
Sullivan, Gen. John, 109. 
Summerville, 62 (2), 63 (3), 73, 78 (4), 

86 (2), 87 (2), 88, 89, 90, 92, 95 (3), 

127. 175; Presbyterian parsonage in, 

92; Presbyterian Church in, 93. 
Sumner Increase, 65 (2), 66, 68, 70, 74 

(2), 77. 
Sumner, Nathaniel, 74, 
Sumner, Samuel, 66, 70, 74. 
Sumter, 101. 
Sumter, Fort, 133-184. 
Sumter Avenue, Summerville, 73, 87. 
Sunbury Place, Eng., 24 (2), 25. 
Surgeon-General of the Continental 

Forces in South Carolina, 82. 
Surrey, county, Eng., 22, 24, 27. 
Surveyor-Generals of S. C, mentioned, 

134, 136, 174, 175. 
Sussex, county, Eng., 20 (2), 21, 22 c2), 

23 (2), 24. 
Sutton, Eng., 20 (2). 
Sutton Hall, Eng., 20. 
Swallow, Newman, 170. 
Swords, James, 113, 165. 
Taplev, John, 99. 
Tar, 77. 

Tarleton, Lt.-Col. Banastre, 84. 
Tattnall, Thomas, 39, 40. 
Taunton River, Mass., 78. 
Taylor, John, 23. 
Taylor, Peter, 94. 

Taylor, Samuel, of Great Britain, 120. 
Tea farm in S. C, Dr., C. U. Shep- 

ard's, 63. 
Telfair, E., 140. 
Telfair, WiUiam, 124. 
Tennessee, 130. 
Thesis, H. M. S., 4. 
Theus, Dr. Jeremiah, 16. 19, 37, 53, 55, 

59, 112. . 
Theus, Capt. Simeon, 112, 162, 166, 167. 
Tomotlv Savannah, 169. 
Thompson, Henry T., 44. 
Thompson, Hugh Smith, obituarv sketch 

of, 44-46. 
Thompson, Chancellor Waddy, 44. 
Thompson, Gen. Waddv, son of above, 

Thompson, William, 121. 
Thomson. Col. William, 99 (2). 
Tillman, Hon. B. R., 97. 

Tookerman, Mrs. Katherine, 118. 
Tookerman, Richard, abstract of will 

of, 118. 
Torquet, Judith Esther, 37, 126. 
Torquet, Sarah, 116. 
Tower of London, 178. 
Towers, Francis, 21. 
Towers, Mrs. Mary, 20 (2), 21 (2), 22 

(2), 23. 
Towers, Marv, 21. 
Towers, Thomas, 22 (3), 24 (3). 
Towers, Wilham, 20. 
Tradd Street, Charleston, 30, 35 (2). 
Tranquil Hill (plantation) , 83. 
Trapier, Gen. James H., 41. 
Traveller's Rest (plantation), 83. 
Trescot, Edward, 28 (2). 
Tryon, Governor, 145. 
Tucker, Abraham, 25. 
Turgis, Mrs. EHzabeth (Axtell), 176 (2). 
Turgis, Francis, 115 (4), 176 (3). 
Turner, Capt. George, 112 (2), 162 (2), 

166 (2). 167 (2); letter of to Major 

Isaac Harleston, 61. 
Turpentine, 77. 
Turton, William Henry, 26. 
Tyger River, 125. 
Union Street, Charleston, 31 (2). 
United Independent Congregational 

Church of Dorchester and Beach Hill, 

United States, 24, 26 (2), 28, 101; Bank 

of the, 24; Assistant Secretary of the 

Treasury of, 45, 46; Commissioner of 

Education of the, 45, Senate of the, 

Upper Berwick Street, London, 21, 22. 
Utica, N. Y.,133. 
Valley Forge, 11, 47, 48, 143. 
Van Aersien, John, Lord Van Wern- 

haut, 180. 
Van Myddagh, Anna CorneHa, 180. 
Van Wernhaut, Dowager, 179 (2). 
Van Wernhaut, John Van Aersien, 

Lord, 180 (2). 
Vander Horst, Capt. John, 172. 
Vander Horst, Major John, 16, 19 (2), 

Varnod, Rev. Francis, 93. 

Verditty, , 83. 

Versailles, France, the the Court of, 

Vestal (frigate), 158. 
Vice-President of South Carolina, 1777, 3. 
Videau, Henry, 34. 

View of South Carolina (Drayton), 96. 
Villeponteux, Benjamin, 123. 
, Villeponteux, Frances, 123 (2). 



Villeponteux, Francis, 123 (2) . 

Villeponteux, Paul, 123. 

Villeponteux, Zachariah, 123 (2). 

Virginia, 131, 144, 147, 169, 171. 

Voyage dans la haute Pennsylvanie, 130. 

Wachovia, N. C, 132. 

Wagner, John, 117. 

Waight, Isaac, 36 (2). 

Waight, Jacob, 174. 

Waight, Joseph, 33. 

Wainwright, Richard, 87 (2), 94. 

Wainwright, Samuel, 87. 

Walker, Sir Hovenden, 83. 

Walker, John, 177. 

Wall Street, New York, 45, 46, 133. 

Walls, Benjamin, 34. 

Walnut Hill, (plantation), 25. 

Walpole (recorder of wills) , 171. 

Walter, Richard, 83. 

Walton, J., 140. 

Wando River, 134. 

Wapensaw, 64. 

Ward, John Peter, 112, 162, 166, 167, 

Ward, William, 112, 162, 166, 167, 168. 
Warden, Mrs. Margaret, 120. 
Warden, William, abstract of will of, 

Wardlaw, Judge, 134. 
Waring, Benjamin, 76, 82, 93, 176. 
Waring, Benjamin (younger), 93 (2). 
Waring, Elizabeth, 176. 
Waring, Joseph, 93 (2). 
Waring, Joseph (younger), 94. 
Waring, Morton, 94. 
Waring, Richard, 83, 93. 
Waring, Thomas, 80, 93. 
Waring, Thomas, of Pine Hill, 94. 
Waring family, 82, 83 . 
Waiing's Bridge, 80. 
Warley, Capt. Felix, 60 (2), 113, 165. 
Warley, Capt. George, 16, 17, 53, 54, 
56, 59, 163, 164. 

Warley, Capt. Joseph, 60, 113, 165. 
Warnock, Abraham, 116. 
Warnock, Joseph, 116. 
Washington, D. C, 45, 133. 
Washington, Gen. George, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 

12, 48, 49 (2), 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 

108, 110 (2), 138, 147, 154, 156, 158. 
Washington, Mrs. Martha, 12, 147. 
Washington, Fort, 3. 
Wateree River, 64, 136. 
Waters, Henry F., 20, 117, 169. 
Way, Aaron, Sr., 74. 
Way, Aaron, Jr ,74. 
Way, Moses, 74. 
Way, Samuel, 74. 

Way, WilHam, 74. 

Ways, the, of Dorchester, 75, 83. 

Wayne, Gen., Anthony, 148. 

Weatherly, Thomas, 39. 

Weaver, Jane, 34. 

Weaver, Robert, 26. 

Weaver, Thomas, 34. 

Weaver, Thomas (younger), 34. 

Webber, Elizabeth, 38. 

Webber, John, 38. 

Weedon, Gen., 106. 

Wells, Mr., 147. 

Wells, Joseph, 99. 

West, 97, 182. 

West, Joseph, 136, 174. 

West Indies, 3, 110 (2), 118. 

Western Star (New York) , 41. 

Westminster, Eng., 20, 21, 22, 26 (2), 
120, 171. 

Weston, F. H., 2. 

Wheeler, Gen. Joseph, 101, 

Whipple, Gen., 152. 

Whitcher Rogers, John, 118. 

White, James, 60. 

White, John, 3, 4. 

White Hall (plantation), 83. 

White Meeting, Dorchester, 81, 91, 92 

Whitefield, Rev. George, 92. 

Whitelock, John, 118. 

Wigg, Catherine, 119. 

Wigg, Edward, 119. 

Wiley, Henry, 99. 

Wilkie, Mrs. Jane (Weaver), 34. 

Wilkie, John, 34. 

Williams, Mrs. Elizabeth (Hext), 35, 
37 (3). 

Wilhams, Francis, 115. 
' Williams, Gardner, 99. 

Williams, Henry, 21, 22 (2), 22-3. 
i Williams, John, 34, 93. 

Williams, Joseph, 165. 

Willianls, Robert, Jr., 37 (3). 

Williams, William, 127. 

Williams, Black & Williams, 101. 

Williamsburg, Va., 171. 

Williamson, , 124. 

Williamson, Gen. Andrew, 177. 

WilHamson, John, 32. 

WiUiamson, W., 120. 

Williman, Jacob, 86, 87, 92. 

Willock, Alexander 43 (3). 

Willtown, or New London, 62, 68, 69, 76. 

Wilson, John, 27. 

Winds, Gen., 109. 

Windsor, Eng., 22. 

Wine, 148, 153 (2). 

Winn, Capt. Richard, 42. 



Winn, Robert, 75. 

Winningham, William, 99. 

Winter, Daniel, 119, 120 (2). 

Winthrop Normal and Industrial Col- 
lege, 97. 

Winyah Bay, 96. 

Wisborough Green, Eng., 22. 

Wiston, Eng., parish of, 20. 

Withers, Mr., 31. 

Withers, James, 32. 

Withington, Lothrop, 20, 117, 169. 

Wood, Mrs., Ann, 125. 

Wood Green, Eng., 120. 

Woodrop, William, 122. 

Woods. Judge C. A., 2. 

Woodward, Richard, 117. 

Woodward, Capt. Thomas, company of, 

Woolsford, Mrs., 177. 

Woomeraw, 170. 

Wragg, Samuel, 80, 94, 122. 

Wright, Sir James, government of, in 
Georgia, 154. 

Wright, Robert, 93. 

Wrights, the, 82. 

Wurmser, Gen. Baron de, 12. 

Wyatt, Edgell, 24, 25 (2), 26. 

Wyatt, Richard, 24. 

Yadkin River, 131. 

Yale College, 132. 

Yeamans, Sir John, Governor, 134. 

Yellow Springs, 8. 

Yemassee Indian War, 79, 80. 

Yeomans, William, 117 (2). 

Yeshoe (plantation), 64. 

Yoe, Fannie Klugh, 102. 

York, Pa., 9, 47, 48 (2), 49, 52, 106, 140, 

141 (2) ; letters written from, 4, 6, 9, 

11, 47, 48,' 49, 103. 
Yorktowm, Va., 131, 169; Centennial 

celebration at, 1881, 45. 
Youghall, Ireland, parish of, 171 (2). 
Young, John, 173. 
Young, Margaret, 28 (2). 
Young, Mrs. Mary, 122. 
Young, Moses, 158, 159, 160. 
Young, William, 125. 


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Unbound, S4.00 

Contents: Correspondence between Hon. Henry Laurens and his- 
.Son, John, 1 777- c 780; Records of the Regiments of the South Carolina 
Line, Continental Establishment; South Carolina Gleanings in England;: • 
Hugh Hext and Some of His Descendants; The Town of Dorchester, in 
South Carolina — A Sketch of Its History; John Alston; Daniel Axtell;. 
Historical Notes; Necrology; Index. 

Members get a discount of 25 per cent, on the above 

The Magazines will be bound at 60c. additional per 

Address: South Carolina Historical Society, 

Charleston, S. C,